musabber wrote:

If [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x, is [x] = 0 ?

(1) 5x + 1 = 3 + 2x

(2) 0 < x < 1

Solution:

We need to determine whether [x] = 0 where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. If the rule is hard to follow, let’s use a few examples.

[12.53] = 12, since 12 is the greatest integer less than or equal to 12.53.

[-1/2] = -1, since -1 is the greatest integer less than or equal to -1/2.

[1/2] = 0, since 0 is the greatest integer less than or equal to 1/2.

Using this last example, we know that if x is a positive fraction between zero and one, or is zero itself, the answer will be yes.

Statement One Alone:5x + 1 = 3 + 2x

Let’s first simplify the equation.

5x + 1 = 3 + 2x

3x = 2

x = 2/3

Since 0 is the greatest integer less than or equal to 2/3, we see that [2/3] = 0.

Statement one alone is sufficient to answer the question. We can eliminate answer choices B, C, and E.

Statement Two Alone:0 < x < 1

Because 0 < x < 1, x is a number between 0 and 1 (but, of course, not including 0 nor 1). Thus, the greatest integer less than or equal to such a number will always be zero. Statement two alone is also sufficient to answer the question.

The answer is D.

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Jeffery Miller

Head of GMAT Instruction

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