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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to

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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64938
If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   65% (hard)

Question Stats: 56% (02:16) correct 44% (02:15) wrong based on 40 sessions

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Competition Mode Question

If $$P= \frac{A^n}{B^{2m}}$$, where A is a positive integer less than or equal to 20, B is a non-zero integer between -10 and 10, inclusive, and m and n are non-negative single-digit numbers, which of the following expressions is true?

A. $$0 < P < (0.2)^9$$

B. $$-10^{-9} < P < (0.2)^9$$

C. $$10^{-18} < P < 20^9$$

D. $$-20^{-9} <P<20^9$$

E. $$-10^{-18} < P < 20^9$$

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Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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$$A^n$$ and $$(B^2)^m$$ both are greater than 0; Hence, $$\frac{A^n}{B^{2m}}$$ can never be negative.

Eliminate B, D and E

Maximum value of $$A^n/B^{2m}$$ occurs, when $$A^n$$ attains it's maximum value and $$B^{2m}$$ attains it's minimum.

Maximum possible value of $$A^n = 20^9$$

Minimum possible value of $$B^{2m} = 1^{2*1} = 1$$

Maximum value of $$\frac{A^n}{B^{2m}} = 20^9$$

Eliminate A

We don't even need to find the minimum value of P to get to the answer. Anyways,

Minimum value of $$A^n/B^{2m}$$ occurs, when $$A^n$$ attains it's minimum value and $$B^{2m}$$ attains it's maximum.

Minimum possible value of $$A^n = 1^1$$

Maximum possible value of $$B^{2m}= 10^{2*9} = 10^{18}$$

Minimum value of $$\frac{A^n}{B^{2m}} = 1/10^{18} = 10^{-18}$$
Sloan MIT School Moderator V
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GMAT 1: 580 Q43 V27
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Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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1
If $$P=\frac{A^n}{B^{2m}}$$, where A is a positive integer less than or equal to 20, B is a non-zero integer between -10 and 10, inclusive, and m and n are non-negative single-digit numbers, which of the following expressions is true?

A. $$0<P<(0.2)^9$$

B. $$−10^{−9}<P<(0.2)^9$$

C. $$10^{−18}<P<20^9$$

D. $$−20^{−9}<P<20^9$$

E. $$−10^{−18}<P<20^9$$

$$P=\frac{A^n}{B^{2m}}$$ is minimum when A and n are minimum AND B and m are maximum
If $$P=\frac{A^n}{B^{2m}}$$ is maximum when A and n are maximum AND B and m are minimum.

1 ≤ A ≤ 20
-10 ≤ B ≤ -1 and 1 ≤ B ≤ 10
0 ≤ m/n ≤ 9

$$P_{min} = \frac{1^0}{10^{2*9}} = 10^{-18}$$

$$P_{max} = \frac{20^9}{1^{2*1}} = 20^9$$

$$P_{min} ≤ P ≤ P_{max} = 10^{-18} ≤ P ≤ 20^9$$

So, at least
$$10^{-18} < P < 20^9$$

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Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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Is it C ?

If P=A^n/B^2m , where A is a positive integer less than or equal to 20, B is a non-zero integer between -10 and 10, inclusive, and m and n are non-negative single-digit numbers, which of the following expressions is true?

So since A >0 and (- B )^even >0 ... value of P > 0 . So BDE option out ..

Highest value of P is when denominator minimal = 1 and numerator is maximum .

A = 20 , B = 10 or -10 m and n = between 0 ..9 inclusive , P = (20^9 / 10 ^2*0 ) = 20 ^9

Lowest value of P is when denominator max = 10^2*9 and numerator is minimum = 1 ^0 . = 1
P = (1^0 / 10 ^2*9 ) = 10 ^-18

so option C matches .
A. 0<P<(0.2)^9 -- In-correct based on the condition given

B. -ve value not possible -- out

C. 10^−18<P<20^9

D. -ve value not possible -- out

E. -ve value not possible -- out
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Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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Quote:
If P=AnB2m, where A is a positive integer less than or equal to 20, B is a non-zero integer between -10 and 10, inclusive, and m and n are non-negative single-digit numbers, which of the following expressions is true?

A. 0<P<(0.2)9
B. −10−9<P<(0.2)9
C. 10−18<P<209
D. −20−9<P<209
E. −10−18<P<209

P=A^n/B^2m
0<A<21 (integer)
-10<B=!0<10 (integer)
-1<m,n<10 (integer)

maximum
A=20, B=1, n=9
P=20^9/1

minimum
A=1, B=9 or -9, m=9
P=1/9^2(9)=1/9^(18)=9^(-18)

ans (C)
Intern  B
Joined: 26 Dec 2017
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Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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Concept : Max of fraction- Nr should be max/Dr to be min

Min of fraction - Nr should be min/Dr should be max

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Intern  B
Joined: 05 Oct 2013
Posts: 12
GMAT 1: 610 Q45 V29
Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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Is the answer to this questin C?
Manager  S
Joined: 05 Jan 2020
Posts: 102
Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  [#permalink]

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1
Given: $$P=\frac{A^n}{B^{2m}}$$. Since the power of B is even, the fraction will never be negative.

$$0<A\leq 20$$
$$-10\leq B\leq 10$$
$$0<m,n\leq 9$$

Min value of P will occur -
A - min = 1
B - max = -10, 10
n - min = 1
m - max = 9
$$P = 10^{-18}$$

Max value of P will occur -
A - max = 20
B - min = -1, 1
n - max = 9
m - min = 1
$$P = 20^{9}$$

So, $$10^{-18} < P \leq 20^{9}$$ Re: If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2020, 19:01

# If P= A^n/B^2m, where A is a positive integer lesser than or equal to  