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Intern  Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 11
If x≠0, is |x| < 1?  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 62% (01:39) correct 38% (01:42) wrong based on 567 sessions

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If x≠0, is |x| < 1?

(1) x^2 < 1
(2) |x| < 1/x
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55670
Re: Help with question involving |x|  [#permalink]

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6
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SMAbbas wrote:
1. Could someone solve the following DS prob
If x≠0, is |x| <1?
(1) x2 <1 == > (X Square)<1
(2) |x| < 1/x

Statement 1 is suff. I am able to solve this using statement 2.

2. Could someone share the strategy of solving questions involving |x|?

This one is tricky:

If $$x\neq{0}$$, is $$|x| <1$$?

Basically we are asked: is x in the range (-1,1): is -$$1<x<1$$ true?

(1) $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$. Sufficient.

(2) $$|x| < \frac{1}{x}$$. LHS is absolute value, which means that it's positive (since $$x\neq{0}$$), thus RHS must also be positive, so $$x>0$$. This on the other hand implies that $$|x|=x$$. So, we have that $$x<\frac{1}{x}$$. Multiply both parts by positive x: $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$, but as $$x>0$$, then the final range is $$0<x<1$$. Sufficient.

Hope it's clear.
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Manager  Joined: 05 Jul 2009
Posts: 151
Re: Help with question involving |x|  [#permalink]

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Yes, Thank you a lot!
Intern  Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 7
Re: Help with question involving |x|  [#permalink]

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Please explain more why second condition is sufficient. I am not able to understand it

Bunuel wrote:
SMAbbas wrote:
1. Could someone solve the following DS prob
If x≠0, is |x| <1?
(1) x2 <1 == > (X Square)<1
(2) |x| < 1/x

Statement 1 is suff. I am able to solve this using statement 2.

2. Could someone share the strategy of solving questions involving |x|?

This one is tricky:

If $$x\neq{0}$$, is $$|x| <1$$?

Basically we are asked: is x in the range (-1,1): is -$$1<x<1$$ true?

(1) $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$. Sufficient.

(2) $$|x| < \frac{1}{x}$$. LHS is absolute value, which means that it's positive (since $$x\neq{0}$$), thus RHS must also be positive, so $$x>0$$. This on the other hand implies that $$|x|=x$$. So, we have that $$x<\frac{1}{x}$$. Multiply both parts by positive x: $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$, but as $$x>0$$, then the final range is $$0<x<1$$. Sufficient.

Hope it's clear.
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 55670
Re: Help with question involving |x|  [#permalink]

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piyushmnit wrote:
Please explain more why second condition is sufficient. I am not able to understand it

Bunuel wrote:
SMAbbas wrote:
1. Could someone solve the following DS prob
If x≠0, is |x| <1?
(1) x2 <1 == > (X Square)<1
(2) |x| < 1/x

Statement 1 is suff. I am able to solve this using statement 2.

2. Could someone share the strategy of solving questions involving |x|?

This one is tricky:

If $$x\neq{0}$$, is $$|x| <1$$?

Basically we are asked: is x in the range (-1,1): is -$$1<x<1$$ true?

(1) $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$. Sufficient.

(2) $$|x| < \frac{1}{x}$$. LHS is absolute value, which means that it's positive (since $$x\neq{0}$$), thus RHS must also be positive, so $$x>0$$. This on the other hand implies that $$|x|=x$$. So, we have that $$x<\frac{1}{x}$$. Multiply both parts by positive x: $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$, but as $$x>0$$, then the final range is $$0<x<1$$. Sufficient.

Hope it's clear.

You should specify what didn't you understand there. Thank you.
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Intern  Joined: 02 Sep 2011
Posts: 16
Schools: Goizueta '16
GPA: 3.94
Re: Help with question involving |x|  [#permalink]

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piyushmnit wrote:
Please explain more why second condition is sufficient. I am not able to understand it

Bunuel wrote:
SMAbbas wrote:
1. Could someone solve the following DS prob
If x≠0, is |x| <1?
(1) x2 <1 == > (X Square)<1
(2) |x| < 1/x

Statement 1 is suff. I am able to solve this using statement 2.

2. Could someone share the strategy of solving questions involving |x|?

This one is tricky:

If $$x\neq{0}$$, is $$|x| <1$$?

Basically we are asked: is x in the range (-1,1): is -$$1<x<1$$ true?

(1) $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$. Sufficient.

(2) $$|x| < \frac{1}{x}$$. LHS is absolute value, which means that it's positive (since $$x\neq{0}$$), thus RHS must also be positive, so $$x>0$$. This on the other hand implies that $$|x|=x$$. So, we have that $$x<\frac{1}{x}$$. Multiply both parts by positive x: $$x^2<1$$ --> $$-1<x<1$$, but as $$x>0$$, then the final range is $$0<x<1$$. Sufficient.

Hope it's clear.

Dear piyushmnit,

the question asks whether -1<x<1 is true, so any range of x, that would fall into that one would be sufficient.

The second statement tells that 0<x<1, which fall into the the aforementioned range.

I hope it helps you.
Senior Manager  Joined: 15 Sep 2011
Posts: 319
Location: United States
WE: Corporate Finance (Manufacturing)
Re: If x≠0, is |x| < 1?  [#permalink]

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Hello,

It would be helpful if someone explains why we don't open the mod under the second option. As well, what's wrong with my algebra here?

$$|x| < \frac{1}{x}$$
if $$x<0$$, then $$-x*x<1$$
and therefore, $$x$$ could take all -ve number.

However, picking any negative number surely invalidates that claim. Obviously, having trouble reconciling my algebra with picking numbers.

CEO  S
Joined: 20 Mar 2014
Posts: 2622
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
Schools: Kellogg '18 (M)
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V44 GPA: 3.7
WE: Engineering (Aerospace and Defense)
If x≠0, is |x| < 1?  [#permalink]

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mejia401 wrote:
Hello,

It would be helpful if someone explains why we don't open the mod under the second option. As well, what's wrong with my algebra here?

$$|x| < \frac{1}{x}$$
if $$x<0$$, then $$-x*x<1$$
and therefore, $$x$$ could take all -ve number.

However, picking any negative number surely invalidates that claim. Obviously, having trouble reconciling my algebra with picking numbers.

Question 1:

We did not open the mod because the LHS of the inequality (=|x|) is a positive quantity for ALL x ---> If 1/x is > a positive quantity ---> x > 0 . This is the reason the mod was 'not opened'.

$$1/x > a '+' quantity$$ ---> x > 0

Question 2:

If $$x<0$$ --> $$|x| = -x$$ ---> $$-x<\frac{1}{x}$$ ---> $$-x^2>1$$ (reversed the sign of inequality as x<0 and multiplying an inequality by a negative number reverses the sign of inequality!)

---> This is not possible as $$x^2 = +$$, $$-x^2 < 0$$ and thus $$-x^2$$ can never be > 1.

Thus , $$x<0$$ is not a valid substitution. You did not reverse the sign of inequality when you multiplied the inequality by x as x<0
Manager  B
Joined: 24 May 2014
Posts: 89
Location: India
GMAT 1: 590 Q39 V32 GRE 1: Q159 V151 GRE 2: Q159 V153 GPA: 2.9
Re: If x≠0, is |x| < 1?  [#permalink]

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Statement 1: x^2<1, Only fractions in the range -1<0<1, will yield a lower value than 1 when squared. Given information is sufficient.
Statement 2: When integers are considered, then modulus would be greater, given that 1/x is to be greater, fractions in the range-1<0<1 would yield a higher value. Given information is sufficient.

Hence, option D
Non-Human User Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 11393
Re: If x≠0, is |x| < 1?  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: If x≠0, is |x| < 1?   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2018, 06:25
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