GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 May 2019, 17:59

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
IIMA, IIMC School Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1334
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
CAT Tests
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Sep 2017, 09:29
1
Hi arvind910619

I hope egmat / Shraddha would not mind replying on her behalf. ;)
Did you go through above link here

WR,
Arpit

Press kudos if you liked this post
_________________
It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Feeling stressed, you are not alone!!
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Status: Learning
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Posts: 1012
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2017, 06:46
adkikani wrote:
Hi arvind910619

I hope egmat / Shraddha would not mind replying on her behalf. ;)
Did you go through above link here

WR,
Arpit

Press kudos if you liked this post


Yes mate i read the mentioned post and now the concept is clear
_________________
Please give kudos if you found my answers useful
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Jun 2017
Posts: 7
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Sep 2017, 12:00
daagh wrote:
pikolo wrote

Quote:
Hello Sir,

I am confused between Option A and Option B, Can you explain the reasoning here?


A. In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that

it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed(required) to found (establish) new businesses. This is a relative clause with the modifier phrase starting with 'who' modifying young people.

B. In 1776, Adam Smith wrote that

it is young people with “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses. --- This prepositional modifier 'with' modifying young people lacks a verb to complete the meaning.

Therefore, A is correct.



Hello, so can we conclude that the prespositional modifier with always needs a verb ?
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Nov 2016
Posts: 58
Location: India
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Nov 2017, 18:02
1
egmat wrote:
goforgmat wrote:
sayantanc2k , chetan2u

Can you explain this one in detail. i cannot understand this .

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” <Dont we need a verb here. it seems incomplete to read> needed to found new businesses.



Hello goforgmat,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.

Let's first understand the meaning of this sentence. The sentence intends to say that Adam Smith wrote something in 1776. What did he write?

He wrote that young people possess two qualities (if I may): “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success”. What is the significance of these two qualities.

These two qualities are required to found = establish new businesses.

Now let's come to the grammar part of it.

In the above-mentioned sentence, the subjects are highlighted in blue while the verbs are in green. All the subjects have appropriate verbs.

Please note that the word needed is a verb-ed modifier that further explains “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success”.

We do not need anymore verbs in the sentence as there are no subjects with missing verbs.

We may expand this sentence as In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” that are needed to found new businesses.

The added that clause is just the expanded version of the original sentence. We actually derive verb-ed modifiers in this way by removing the subject and the helping verb.

You can read our very famous article named ED FORMS - Verbs or Modifiers to learn how to distinguish between a verb-ed modifier and a simple past tense verb in the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi egmat/Shraddha,

Thanks for your wonderful explanation!

Could you please tell us why options B, C, D & E are wrong? I couldn't eliminate them on strong reasons.

Thanks in advance!
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 23 May 2017
Posts: 239
Concentration: Finance, Accounting
WE: Programming (Energy and Utilities)
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jan 2018, 06:24
Just trying to put this statement into my head.
Trying with my own example ..

It is the young people who have the passion needed to win the match.

Can we say that after passion "needed to win the match" is a modifier and can be dropped?

It is the young people who have the passion - Is this a complete sentence?

If in the above statement "needed" is modifying the the passion, why cant we write the statement as

It is the young people who have passion that is needed to win the match.. will this be a wrong statement?, Does it give the same meaning as above?

Please help !
_________________
If you like the post, please award me Kudos!! It motivates me
Director
Director
User avatar
V
Joined: 06 Jan 2015
Posts: 639
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GPA: 3.35
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2018, 23:32
HI EducationAisle, sayantanc2k,

Can you pls explain POE in detail?
_________________
आत्मनॊ मोक्षार्थम् जगद्धिताय च

Resource: GMATPrep RCs With Solution
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1327
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2018, 03:57
1
NandishSS wrote:
Can you pls explain POE in detail?

Hi NandishSS, rather than looking at a grammar-heavy solution, it often helps if we just simplify the sentence a bit.

So, let's just see which of the following sentences you would pick:

(i) it is hard-working people with most chance to succeed on GMAT.
(ii) it is hard-working people having most chance to succeed on GMAT.
(iii) it is hard-working people who have most chance to succeed on GMAT.

Hopefully you would pick iii).

This is exactly the same structure used in the sentence under consideration. Hence, option A is the right choice.

Options D and E, at the very least, lose out on concision.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
Director
Director
User avatar
V
Joined: 06 Jan 2015
Posts: 639
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GPA: 3.35
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Feb 2018, 04:33
EducationAisle wrote:
NandishSS wrote:
Can you pls explain POE in detail?

Hi NandishSS, rather than looking at a grammar-heavy solution, it often helps if we just simplify the sentence a bit.

So, let's just see which of the following sentences you would pick:

(i) it is hard-working people with most chance to succeed on GMAT.
(ii) it is hard-working people having most chance to succeed on GMAT.
(iii) it is hard-working people who have most chance to succeed on GMAT.

Hopefully you would pick iii).

This is exactly the same structure used in the sentence under consideration. Hence, option A is the right choice.

Options D and E, at the very least, lose out on concision.


Quote:
(ii) it is hard-working people having most chance to succeed on GMAT.
in this option having is correctly modifying people -- Correct me if I 'm wrong than what is the error?
_________________
आत्मनॊ मोक्षार्थम् जगद्धिताय च

Resource: GMATPrep RCs With Solution
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1327
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Feb 2018, 00:27
NandishSS wrote:
Quote:
(ii) it is hard-working people having most chance to succeed on GMAT.
in this option having is correctly modifying people -- Correct me if I 'm wrong than what is the error?

You are right. In this case, having is a present participle, modifying people.

However, everything else remaining the same, whenever there is a choice between such usage of present participle (present participle towards the end of a clause modifying the immediate preceding noun) and a relative clause (who have most chance..), GMAT seems to exhibit a distinct preference for the relative clause.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Aug 2014
Posts: 7
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Mar 2018, 22:44
egmat wrote:
goforgmat wrote:
sayantanc2k , chetan2u

Can you explain this one in detail. i cannot understand this .

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” <Dont we need a verb here. it seems incomplete to read> needed to found new businesses.



Hello goforgmat,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.

Let's first understand the meaning of this sentence. The sentence intends to say that Adam Smith wrote something in 1776. What did he write?

He wrote that young people possess two qualities (if I may): “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success”. What is the significance of these two qualities.

These two qualities are required to found = establish new businesses.

Now let's come to the grammar part of it.

In the above-mentioned sentence, the subjects are highlighted in blue while the verbs are in green. All the subjects have appropriate verbs.

Please note that the word needed is a verb-ed modifier that further explains “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success”.

We do not need anymore verbs in the sentence as there are no subjects with missing verbs.

We may expand this sentence as In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” that are needed to found new businesses.

The added that clause is just the expanded version of the original sentence. We actually derive verb-ed modifiers in this way by removing the subject and the helping verb.

You can read our very famous article named ED FORMS - Verbs or Modifiers to learn how to distinguish between a verb-ed modifier and a simple past tense verb in the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha



Thanks a Lot Shraddha for the detailed explanation why A is correct. Would you please elaborate the reasons why B & C are incorrect ?

Thanks
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2852
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Apr 2018, 09:46
1
ran787 wrote:


Thanks a Lot Shraddha for the detailed explanation why A is correct. Would you please elaborate the reasons why B & C are incorrect ?

Thanks



Hello ran787,


Thank you for the query. I am not sure if you still have this doubt. Here is the explanation nonetheless. :-)


IMHO, meaning wise, there is hardly any difference in the information given by Choice A, B, and C.

However, generally. the structure it is the xyz is followed by a relative pronoun modifier to lay emphasis on a special characteristic of the entity xyz.


So structurally, Choice A wins as it presents the intended meaning in the best manner.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 07 Dec 2017
Posts: 317
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jul 2018, 03:32
1
Still not able to understand, how " With" make sentence fragment
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Aug 2009
Posts: 65
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Aug 2018, 08:39
GMATNinja, could you please provide some more examples of this kind of sentence structure:

It is young people who have X needed to found new business.

I am unable to comprehend this structure as it looks abruptly ended after X. I have gone through the explanations provided by egmat as well but still this structure does not seem familiar and I do not intend to memorize rather grasp the concept behind this kind of structure.
_________________
Retaking gmat for second time, any re-takers please feel free to connect.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2484
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2018, 17:49
6
ravikumarmishra wrote:
GMATNinja, could you please provide some more examples of this kind of sentence structure:

It is young people who have X needed to found new business.

I am unable to comprehend this structure as it looks abruptly ended after X. I have gone through the explanations provided by egmat as well but still this structure does not seem familiar and I do not intend to memorize rather grasp the concept behind this kind of structure.

Good! If you try to memorize every possible construction you might encounter, your face will melt. "Needed to found new business" is simply modifying "the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success," and it's the article "the" that indicates that we might specify what kind of "contempt of risk" and "presumptuous hope" we're talking about. Pretty common construction.

Take a silly example. "It was Tim who ate the burrito." That's fine as a sentence. We don't need really need more. But if we want to specify which burrito we're talking about, we could write, "It was Tim who ate the burrito found in the dumpster." "Found in the dumpster" is playing the same role as "needed to found new business," modifying the preceding noun. Also, Tim is kind of gross. Don't shake his hand or kiss him goodnight.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Aug 2009
Posts: 65
Reviews Badge
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Aug 2018, 13:13
Thanks for the example and explanation GMATNinja, I am able to understand this now.(+1)
_________________
Retaking gmat for second time, any re-takers please feel free to connect.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Apr 2018
Posts: 10
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Aug 2018, 20:15
can some please explain in detail how option B changed the meaning ?
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 07 Sep 2016
Posts: 7
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Dec 2018, 23:12
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 207

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.

(A) who have
(B) with
(C) having
(D) who are those with
(E) who are the ones to have


In this question, the verb -ed modifier "needed" needs to modify the preceding noun (the contempt of risk...) which is sufficient. All the other options (D&E) are just adding words to the already correct sentence.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Status: Turning my handicaps into assets
Joined: 09 Apr 2017
Posts: 128
In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Dec 2018, 06:28
GMATNinja wrote:
ravikumarmishra wrote:
GMATNinja, could you please provide some more examples of this kind of sentence structure:

It is young people who have X needed to found new business.

I am unable to comprehend this structure as it looks abruptly ended after X. I have gone through the explanations provided by egmat as well but still this structure does not seem familiar and I do not intend to memorize rather grasp the concept behind this kind of structure.

Good! If you try to memorize every possible construction you might encounter, your face will melt. "Needed to found new business" is simply modifying "the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success," and it's the article "the" that indicates that we might specify what kind of "contempt of risk" and "presumptuous hope" we're talking about. Pretty common construction.

Take a silly example. "It was Tim who ate the burrito." That's fine as a sentence. We don't need really need more. But if we want to specify which burrito we're talking about, we could write, "It was Tim who ate the burrito found in the dumpster." "Found in the dumpster" is playing the same role as "needed to found new business," modifying the preceding noun. Also, Tim is kind of gross. Don't shake his hand or kiss him goodnight.

I hope that helps!


Dear GMATNinja,

Could you please help me. I still don't understand the difference between the following sentences:

It is young people who have X needed to found new business.


It is young people with X needed to found new business.


Or:

It is Mike who wears glasses crossing the street

It is Mike with glasses crossing the street (I know these are not the best examples, but I hope you got my point).
_________________
If time was on my side, I'd still have none to waste......
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Aug 2014
Posts: 6
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2019, 05:27
I have eliminated A because it says "who HAVE"

Can someone explain me why does "it is young people" is plural to use HAVE instead of HAS?

tks
VP
VP
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1327
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2019, 05:53
Hi! who modifies young people (plural) and hence, have is the correct verb.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp   [#permalink] 30 Apr 2019, 05:53

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 42 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.