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In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp

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In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 08:29
Hi arvind910619

I hope egmat / Shraddha would not mind replying on her behalf. ;)
Did you go through above link here

WR,
Arpit

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Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2017, 05:46
adkikani wrote:
Hi arvind910619

I hope egmat / Shraddha would not mind replying on her behalf. ;)
Did you go through above link here

WR,
Arpit

Press kudos if you liked this post


Yes mate i read the mentioned post and now the concept is clear
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Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2017, 11:00
daagh wrote:
pikolo wrote

Quote:
Hello Sir,

I am confused between Option A and Option B, Can you explain the reasoning here?


A. In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that

it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed(required) to found (establish) new businesses. This is a relative clause with the modifier phrase starting with 'who' modifying young people.

B. In 1776, Adam Smith wrote that

it is young people with “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses. --- This prepositional modifier 'with' modifying young people lacks a verb to complete the meaning.

Therefore, A is correct.



Hello, so can we conclude that the prespositional modifier with always needs a verb ?

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Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 17:02
egmat wrote:
goforgmat wrote:
sayantanc2k , chetan2u

Can you explain this one in detail. i cannot understand this .

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” <Dont we need a verb here. it seems incomplete to read> needed to found new businesses.



Hello goforgmat,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” needed to found new businesses.

Let's first understand the meaning of this sentence. The sentence intends to say that Adam Smith wrote something in 1776. What did he write?

He wrote that young people possess two qualities (if I may): “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success”. What is the significance of these two qualities.

These two qualities are required to found = establish new businesses.

Now let's come to the grammar part of it.

In the above-mentioned sentence, the subjects are highlighted in blue while the verbs are in green. All the subjects have appropriate verbs.

Please note that the word needed is a verb-ed modifier that further explains “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success”.

We do not need anymore verbs in the sentence as there are no subjects with missing verbs.

We may expand this sentence as In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contempt of risk and the presumptuous hope of success” that are needed to found new businesses.

The added that clause is just the expanded version of the original sentence. We actually derive verb-ed modifiers in this way by removing the subject and the helping verb.

You can read our very famous article named ED FORMS - Verbs or Modifiers to learn how to distinguish between a verb-ed modifier and a simple past tense verb in the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi egmat/Shraddha,

Thanks for your wonderful explanation!

Could you please tell us why options B, C, D & E are wrong? I couldn't eliminate them on strong reasons.

Thanks in advance!

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Re: In 1776 Adam Smith wrote that it is young people who have “the contemp   [#permalink] 25 Nov 2017, 17:02

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