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In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average

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Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2018, 03:12
A: Incomplete sentence after semicolon. No verb present.

B: Correct and Parallel. 'Figure' is the subject and 'was' is the verb.

C: No verb for the other half of the sentence.

D: No joining word present to join the sentence after the comma. If semicolon was there rather than comma, sentence would be correct.

E: wrong modifier. Income did not rise but the payments did.

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In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2019, 01:07
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male's income; and forty-four percent in 1984

A. income; and forty-four percent in 1984 - incorrect sentence structure- semicolon+ and incorrectly separates an IC and a phrase here
B. income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
C. income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
D. income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure - run- on sentence
E. income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984 - that incorrectly refers to income

I was down to options B and C and ended up choosing option C.
1. In option B, what does 'the figure' refer to? Logically, it seems that it refers to the percentage of average thirty-year-old male's income represented by mortgage payments.
Can you give some examples of such construction?
2. Also, what is the issue with option C?

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Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2019, 20:11
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Skywalker18 wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male's income; and forty-four percent in 1984

A. income; and forty-four percent in 1984 - incorrect sentence structure- semicolon+ and incorrectly separates an IC and a phrase here
B. income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
C. income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
D. income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure - run- on sentence
E. income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984 - that incorrectly refers to income

I was down to options B and C and ended up choosing option C.
1. In option B, what does 'the figure' refer to? Logically, it seems that it refers to the percentage of average thirty-year-old male's income represented by mortgage payments.
Can you give some examples of such construction?
2. Also, what is the issue with option C?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyTargetTestPrep , DmitryFarber , VeritasKarishma , generis , jennpt , other experts

Hi Skywalker18,

Happy to help :)

You are correct here that "figure" refers to "the percentage of average thirty-year-old male's income represented by mortgage payments". The word "figure" used in this way can refer to any number (or percentage). For example:

In December, I read 8 books; in January, the figure was 10.

The chart illustrating the stock price indicates that the figure increased over time.


In the first sentence, "figure" refers to the number of books. In the second, it refers to the stock price.

Regarding your second question, when we use a comma followed by "and", a complete clause must follow. In choice C, there is no subject/verb, and so no clause. It would be correct if it instead stated:

In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male's income, and in 1984 they represented forty-four percent.

In that case, we have a clause following "and", since we now have a subject ("they") and a verb ("represented").

I hope that helps! :)
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In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2019, 16:27
Skywalker18

C can't even be considered without a verb.

{Independent clause + [comma] + FANBOYS + Independent clause} is the correct construction.

In C we have {(subject) + (verb) + Prepositions) + [Comma] + FANBOYS (AND) + Preposition+ (subject)} - so we're missing a finite verb.

In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male's income, and in 1984 forty-four percent

However, in B we have

{independent clause} + [semicolon] + {independent clause}

B. income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
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In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2019, 16:27

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