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In a 1984 book, Claire C, Robertson argued that, before colonialism

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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C, Robertson argued that, before colonialism  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2018, 12:03
I too am really skeptical about Q4.Some expert help needed please..GMATNinja

My thinking is this.....

Previously when CCR wrote the book she indicated that Age was a more important factor than others(Line 1)

Now age is a more important factor(supersedes) gender(to varying degrees sure but still supersedes)

CCR revised her theory because she had found gender played a role In precolonial Africa....Ok till here I figure.Let us see the question

"""4. The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in highlighted text most likely in order to

(E) identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa""""

Previously age was very important.Now also age is important.What changed is the role gender played(previously unimportant.now some what important).Then how come mentioning age lead her to revise her view and not gender...?????
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C, Robertson argued that, before colonialism  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2018, 03:30
4. The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in highlighted text most likely in order to

(A) indicate that women’s dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute
(B) contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society
(C) differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women
(D) explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa
(E) identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa

1. In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before colonialism, age was a more important indicator of status and authority than gender in Ghana and in Africa generally.

2. Subsequent research in Kenya convinced Robertson that she had overgeneralized about Africa.

3. Since age apparently remained the overriding principle of social organization in central Kenya, some senior women had much authority. Thus, Robertson revised her hypothesis somewhat, arguing that in determining authority in precolonial Africa age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation.

Isn't Robertson's position after the revision - "in determining authority in precolonial Africa age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation" - still the same as her initial position 1 (in 1984 book) or does this revision refer to change with respect to point 2 ?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , egmat , RonPurewal , DmitryFarber , MagooshExpert , ccooley , ChiranjeevSingh, GMATGuruNY , VeritasKarishma , other experts-- please enlighten
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C, Robertson argued that, before colonialism  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2018, 12:01
Skywalker18 wrote:
4. The author of the passage mentions the status of age as a principle of social organization in precolonial central Kenya in highlighted text most likely in order to

(A) indicate that women’s dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute
(B) contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society
(C) differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women
(D) explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa
(E) identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa

1. In a 1984 book, Claire C. Robertson argued that, before colonialism, age was a more important indicator of status and authority than gender in Ghana and in Africa generally.

2. Subsequent research in Kenya convinced Robertson that she had overgeneralized about Africa.

3. Since age apparently remained the overriding principle of social organization in central Kenya, some senior women had much authority. Thus, Robertson revised her hypothesis somewhat, arguing that in determining authority in precolonial Africa age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation.

Isn't Robertson's position after the revision - "in determining authority in precolonial Africa age was a primary principle that superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation" - still the same as her initial position 1 (in 1984 book) or does this revision refer to change with respect to point 2 ?

Thanks for all of the thoughtful detail here, Skywalker18! Always good to see your thought process.

To answer your question, no. Robertson's position after the revision states that age superseded gender to varying degrees depending on the situation. In other words, Robertson made her argument more nuanced than it was before. This isn't a dramatic revision to Robertson's previous argument, but it is still an explicit change.

vishusahni9 wrote:
even after looking at all the comments in this post, I am still skeptical about E as an OA for #4.

For me Gender was the main factor for R. to revise the content. Age is a secondary factor which just helps in comparing the situation of elder women and as per passage might go, it would be a factor in Ghana also like was is precolonial age.

Because of Gender author had to come back.

Recall what choice (E) says:

Quote:
(E) identify a factor that led Robertson to revise her hypothesis about precolonial Africa

According to this choice, the status of age was most likely mentioned in order to identify a factor that led Robertson to revise the hypothesis. Even if age is a secondary factor, it's still a factor that led to the revision.

The second paragraph is structured to show Robertson re-considering her prior argument in more than one way, and her revision was influenced by more than one factor. And let's not forget to evaluate all of our other choices:

Quote:
(A) indicate that women’s dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was not absolute

The author never stated that women's dependence on men in precolonial Kenya was absolute in the first place. So why would the author need to indicate that women's dependence was not absolute? Choice (A) veers away from what the author is actually writing and what Robertson was actually thinking about. (A) isn't as strong as (E), so we'll eliminate it.

Quote:
(B) contrast the situation of senior women to that of less senior women in precolonial Kenyan society

This group-to-group comparison is nowhere in the portion of the passage being highlighted. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) differentiate between the status and authority of precolonial Kenyan women and that of precolonial Ghanaian women

This is another comparison that the highlighted text doesn't point to at all. Eliminate (C).

Quote:
(D) explain why age superseded gender to a greater extent in precolonial Kenya than it did elsewhere in Africa

The explanation for this difference is nowhere to be found in the passage. Eliminate (D).

(E) remains the best answer choice, with (A) a distant but reject-able second.

I hope this helps!
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C, Robertson argued that, before colonialism  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2018, 02:09
Thank you for the passage, Made only 1 mistake question number 3 Will improve next time.
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C, Robertson argued that, before colonialism  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2018, 12:48
1
Seems like a hard question to me.
took 6 mins and only 2 correct Q(2 and 3). :(

any suggestions for improving?
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Re: In a 1984 book, Claire C, Robertson argued that, before colonialism &nbs [#permalink] 25 Oct 2018, 12:48

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