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In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of

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In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2017, 12:38
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cubs wrote:
I have 2 general doubts in this question.
When and when not a comma is used before 'and'. ?
and can in any question a comma before 'and' be grounds enough to reject the option ?



Hello cubs,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

1. Usage of comma + and is very common in the following two situations across GMAT SC:

i. It is used to join two independent clauses.

The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.


ii. It joins more than two parallel elements in a list.

Doctors generally agree that such factors as cigarette smoking, eating rich foods high in fats, and alcohol consumption not only do damage by themselves but also aggravate genetic predispositions toward certain diseases.



2. The answer to your second question is no. Never reject or select any answer choice only on the basis of presence or absence of a punctuation mark. Look for at least one deterministic error to reject an answer choice.




Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2017, 01:29
Sorry I still have a doubt in this regard.So D and C Has the modifier the largest of the ancient world. SO that's something referring to the library and not Alexandria right?? So if that is the case then these options have modifier error. Sorry can someone please explain this to me.

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In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2017, 01:50
longhaul123 wrote:
Sorry I still have a doubt in this regard.So D and C Has the modifier the largest of the ancient world. SO that's something referring to the library and not Alexandria right?? So if that is the case then these options have modifier error. Sorry can someone please explain this to me.


No, the modifier does refer to "library". So, you prefer this -
1 - library,the largest of the ancient world, at Alexandria...[than]
2 - library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world..

I understand your point, but there are ample instances of this kind of usage in OG.

X or Y, Modifier 1: Modifier 1 modifies X.

It becomes easier if you note that the "largest of .." is not meant to modify all libraries around the world, but to the one at Alexandria. If you think on this line, it will become easier for you to see how the modification is taking place. So, its better to keep "at Alexandria" stick to the "library".

Moreover, from a test taker's perspective you should not think on this issue unless you see the above split - 1 and 2. So, if you can narrow down to C and D - look for differences, instead of lingering on similarities :
"as a result" vs "because" | why there is only "result" in D or why "because" is not present in C | .. and so on.

Cheers !!
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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2017, 19:24
D, the best choice, uses the idiomatic as a result o/and conveys information unambiguously. In A, the phrase that begins resulting from cannot properly modify later generations. The word order of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria generates ambiguity: one possible reading is that the ancient world was located at Alexandria. Choice B is incorrect. Although an "-ing" verb such as destroying can sometimes act as a noun, in this case the usage is strained. Again, at Alexandria is ambiguous (as in choice A). Choice B also uses resulted ungrammatically and produces a run-on sentence (In A.D. 391, the destroying... resulted and later generations lost). In C, the phrase because of the result of is unidiomatic as well as redundant. The structure of E illogically suggests that there was more than one largest library of the ancient world and that only Alexandria's was destroyed. Furthermore, the result was should instead be the result was that.

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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2017, 01:34
superfreak wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 44

In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria, later generations lost all but the Iliad and Odyssey among Greek epics, most of the poetry of Pindar and Sappho, and dozens of plays by Aeschylus and Euripides.

(A) resulting from the destruction of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria,
(B) the destroying of the largest library of the ancient world at Alexandria resulted and
(C) because of the result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,
(E) Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world was destroyed, and the result was

Note : This question was deleted in Verbal Review 2017.


because gmat sc tests us on meaning problem. we categorize the 3 main meaning errors.

meaning is not logic
meaning is redundent
meaning is unclear.

choice e ilustrate the unclear meaning error. this error is hard. what is "result" in choice e. it is good that "and the result of this acccident is that..." is the last part of the choice e.

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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2017, 22:30
D) as a result of the destruction of the library at Alexandria, the largest of the ancient world,

Isn't "the largest of the ancient world" wrongly modifying Alexandria?

Can some please help me with this doubt.

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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2017, 15:24
this question is now included in OG verbal review 2018.

Here is an official explanation:
E. Incorrect. Alexandria’s largest library of the ancient world is an illogical reference. The result was must be followed by that.

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Re: In A.D. 391, resulting from the destruction of the largest library of   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2017, 15:24

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