It is currently 24 Sep 2017, 00:12

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 11 Sep 2014
Posts: 15

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Apr 2016, 08:48
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

A psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,;The verb is missing-Declaring is not a verb
B psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and;The verb is missing;failed in controlling is not correct idiom; such like is incorrect way to introduce examples
C psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,since most of the studies has no verb;
D psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,fail is incorrect tense. we need past because the later past (none could) is in past tense; again such like is incorrect
E psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,this is correct;HAD FAILED-past perfect is required because first the failure happened then NONE COULD BE TAKEN happened

note1: In a review of 2000 studies of ....1940's---this complete phrase is acting as a adverb.
Note2: had failed is used not because of DECLARED but because of COULD
CAN SOMEONE CONFIRM THIS
??

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Director
Director
avatar
D
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 850

Kudos [?]: 389 [0], given: 108

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2016, 12:44
macjas wrote:
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

From OG 13...


A psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
B psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and
C psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
D psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,
E psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Kudos [?]: 389 [0], given: 108

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 25 Mar 2013
Posts: 276

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 101

Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Marketing
GPA: 3.5
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2016, 13:05
Errors :
1, Tense ( Declaring ) Eliminate AB
2, Tense ( Having failed ) Eliminate C
3, like ( Only Comparison ) Eliminate D
So E - Declared , as
_________________

I welcome analysis on my posts and kudo +1 if helpful. It helps me to improve my craft.Thank you

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 101

Director
Director
User avatar
S
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 735

Kudos [?]: 300 [0], given: 11

Location: Bangalore, India
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Nov 2016, 22:49
sidoknowia wrote:
Can you please explain why option C is incorrect. I did not get your explanation. Can you please provide an example ?

Since (used in the sense of because here) is used as a subordinating conjunction in this sentence.

Subordinating conjunctions mark the start of a Dependent clause. In other words, a clause (portion of sentence with a verb) must follow since. Here, the portion of sentence that follows since is:

most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size

This does not have a verb. Hence, this portion is not a clause.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Subordinating Conjunction, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 300 [0], given: 11

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 May 2013
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 3

Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Feb 2017, 18:25
POE:
A. No action verb in first clause (declaring)
B. No action verb in first clause (declaring)
C. Awkward phrase (having failed)
D. Less preferred (in controlling), Wrong idiom (like)
E. Answer

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 3

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 09 Dec 2016
Posts: 9

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 17

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Healthcare
WE: Medicine and Health (Health Care)
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Feb 2017, 21:32
This question can be solved on the basis of simple rules-
A and B - there is no main verb
C and D - "that" after a working verb acts as a reset button so a new subject-verb-object structure will follow
Like is used for comparison
E is correct


Sent from my XT1068 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 17

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 479

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 18

Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2017, 09:29
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

A psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
B psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and
C psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
D psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,
E psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,

The sentence describes past event and should be using simple past for the verbs. The declaring should be changed to declared. Option A nd B goes out in the process of elimination.

In option C is again the use of wrong verb tense since the having is countineous and cannot be used. C is out as well.
In option D the usage of like is wrong because like is used to show comparison and not example. as should have been used instead of like.
In option E the usage of tense and the usage of such as is perfectly correct. and thus E is the correct answer.

Kudos [?]: 72 [0], given: 18

Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 768

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 259

Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2017, 05:18
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

Meaning of the sentence:
There was a review that date back to 1940's (past). In that review, two Swiss psychologists did something.......They declared something about the studies and how these studies should not be taken seriously.

Sentence analysis:
(1) There is no verb for psychologists.
Use of '-ing' modifier would have been correct here if the sentence was something like this:
The two Swiss psychologists, declaring the drawbacks of the studies on human behavior, questioned the validity of such studies done in the past.

(Different meaning but 'ing' modifier is placed correctly)

(2) 'that' usage is fine as it is used as a connector between the two clauses.

(3) Studies.........had failed (1st event that has already happened),none could be taken (2nd event) seriously.
_________________

Help me make my explanation better by providing a logical feedback.

If you liked the post, HIT KUDOS !!

Don't quit.............Do it.

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 259

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3139

Kudos [?]: 3108 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 May 2017, 04:57
IIMC wrote:
"that date back to" is referring to the review or to studies.


The subject of the verb "date" is "that" - "that" refers to "studies": the studies date back to 1940's. The meaning implied is as follows:

The psychologists reviewed studies that date back to 1940's.

Kudos [?]: 3108 [0], given: 22

Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Status: Not Applying
Joined: 27 Apr 2009
Posts: 40

Kudos [?]: 313 [0], given: 2

Location: India
Schools: HBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V41
Premium Member
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 May 2017, 05:00
There are two actions in this sentence - 'declaring something' and 'failed to control'. Whenever you see more than 1 action, try to get them straight in time.
what happened first? The studies failed to control.....
So, this part takes "had" and the other part "declaring" must be in the past tense.
The only answer choice that corrects both the errors is E.

A) 'declaring' should be 'declared'
B) 'declaring' should be 'declared'
C) 'having failed' should be 'had failed'
D) 'fail' should be 'had failed'
E) correct

Highlighted only the decision points for a faster understanding.
_________________

http://www.wiziuscareers.com
We Celebrate Your Success

Experts in Helping you get through a top-50 school with Low GMAT
Money-Back Guarantee Admission Consulting*

Kudos [?]: 313 [0], given: 2

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Dec 2013
Posts: 235

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 20

Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 May 2017, 21:29
macjas wrote:
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

A psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
B psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and
C psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
D psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,
E psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,

From OG 13...


A This second independent clause that begins with "two Swiss psychologists" lacks a verb, so it's a fragment. "Two Swiss psychologists...none could be taken seriously."
B Another fragment here: "psychologists... and none could be taken seriously."
C This dependent clause following "since" requires a verb yet lacks one, and then bleeds into the second independent clause: "declared that since most of the studies...none could be taken seriously."
D Here "fail" is the simple past when the past perfect would be better to emphasize the order of events.
E Correct.

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 20

Director
Director
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 839

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 32

Premium Member
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 May 2017, 13:52
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Please Read: Verbal Posting Rules

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 32

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 20 Oct 2016
Posts: 20

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 0

Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2017, 02:02
If we scan first few words we can see a split between ‘psychologists, declaring…’ and ‘psychologist declared….’
Here ‘psychologist’ is the subject. In A and B, we should have verb after second comma. In A, we have ‘none could..’ after second comma. Verb is missing. Eliminate.
Similarly in B, ‘and’ is present after second comma. Verb is missing. Eliminate B
If we compare last words of C, D and E, we have split between ‘such as’ and such like’. In D, ‘such like’ is wrong in GMAT. Eliminate D.

In C, ‘declare that..’ must followed with a clause. Subject is ‘most of the …’, after that we have two commas, verb must be present after second comma. We have ‘none..’ after second comma. Verb is missing after second comma. Eliminate C.

Hence E is the correct answer.
_________________

Founder, GMAT Mantra
One to One Live Online GMAT Coaching
8860616050
http://www.gmatmantra.com

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 0

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Nov 2016
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 36

Location: United States
Concentration: Leadership, Strategy
GPA: 3.4
Reviews Badge
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jul 2017, 15:09
We can easily find the answer using a timeline
Attachments

simple.jpg
simple.jpg [ 23.19 KiB | Viewed 233 times ]


_________________

Kudosity killed the cat but your kudos can save it.

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 36

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 822

Kudos [?]: 186 [0], given: 169

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2017, 15:14
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

A psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
B psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and
C psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
D psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,
E psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,

Hence, Answer is E

Did you like the answer? Hit Kudos :good
_________________

Kudos - I hope you liked the post, if you have liked the post, please do not hesitate to show your appreciation and support with a simple click on Kudos, it will make me happy and encourage me to support more people.

"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Kudos [?]: 186 [0], given: 169

Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 750

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 158

Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Aug 2017, 18:33
macjas wrote:
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

A psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
B psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and
C psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
D psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,
E psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,

From OG 13...


A, B and C are clearly wrong. D is not technically incorrect but this is not the SAT we are taking- the difference between D and E boils down to conveying the correct idea. E is more accurate because had failed implies that the studies were conducted and now as a result of that we cannot take those results seriously.

E

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 158

Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 750

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 158

Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2017, 15:42
macjas wrote:
In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back to the 1940's, two Swiss psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size, none could be taken seriously.

A psychologists, declaring that since most of the studies had failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
B psychologists, declaring that most of the studies failed in not controlling for such variables like social class and family size, and
C psychologists declared that since most of the studies, having failed to control for such variables as social class and family size,
D psychologists declared that since most of the studies fail in controlling for such variables like social class and family size,
E psychologists declared that since most of the studies had failed to control for variables such as social class and family size,

From OG 13...


The correct idiom here is "such x as y"

E

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 158

Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 01 Sep 2016
Posts: 3

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 78

CAT Tests
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2017, 23:00
Hi,
I have doubt in usage of "that" as subject in relative clause.
In this sentence we have that date back to.Here "that refers to review or 2000studies or human behaviour?Logically it should refer 2000 studies.But if expressed in many noun entities with preposition what should the relative pronoun that(acting as subject for relative clause) should refer to?
eg:noun1 of noun2 of noun3 that serves..........Here what should "that" refer to ? noun1 or noun2 or noun 3?

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 78

Mannheim Thread Master
User avatar
S
Status: It's now or never
Joined: 10 Feb 2017
Posts: 260

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 51

Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q40 V39
GPA: 3
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Sep 2017, 09:38
"E" is the correct choice - study happened in the past, so perfect tense must be used.

"A" and "B" are out due to verb+ing rule
C - 'having failed' does not make sense
D - "such variables like..." incorrect usage of such X like Y. It must be 'such X as Y.

Hope this helps.
_________________

2017-2018 MBA Deadlines

Threadmaster for B-school Discussions
Class of 2019: Mannheim Business School
Class 0f 2020: HHL Leipzig

Kudos [?]: 27 [0], given: 51

Re: In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back   [#permalink] 23 Sep 2017, 09:38

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 39 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In a review of 2000 studies of human behavior that date back

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.