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In general, words being left out or ellipsed is one of the most difficult tricks that English grammar plays, and certainly one of the weirdest that shows up in SC. A couple of general tips:
1) Think as often as you can of the rules of parallel structure. Many different kinds of words can "distribute" to all parts of parallel constructions. The most common are auxiliary (helping) verbs, but other words can also be ellipsed comfortably. For instance:
"My sisters, brothers, and cousins all are coming over." (the adjective "my" is distributed) "I am, was, and always will be, living in the shadow of my father." (the "living" completes all three verbs -- it's like it's distributed backwards)
2) Think of the word "do" as a "pro-verb." Much as pronouns stand in for nouns, "do" often stands in for a present-tense verb. This is especially common in comparisons:
"As do crickets in the countryside, cars fill up the cityscape with constant background noise." Here, the entire second phrase, but mostly the verb "fill up," is contained within the simple word "do." It may seem weird, but it's very common and totally legitimate.
Please keep in mind that there's no such thing as a "pro-verb" -- it's just something I made up to simplify the explanation of sentences like these. Please don't tell the folks at the Modern Language Association or I'll be in big trouble!
Re: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners [#permalink]
01 Apr 2015, 15:47
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