In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners

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In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2011, 17:30
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Question Stats:

71% (01:43) correct 29% (00:56) wrong based on 136 sessions

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87. In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners
have cut prices; their wines have been priced to sell,
and they are
.

(A) have been priced to sell, and they are
(B) are priced to sell, and they have
(C) are priced to sell, and they do
(D) are being priced to sell, and have
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have

In the OG explanation "the second verb does not need to repeat the word sell because it is understood from the previous verb phrase priced to sell..."

I seem to constantly miss these problems types where key words do not need to be repeated. Any suggestions of improving on these question types?
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Re: OG SC #87 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2011, 14:59
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In general, words being left out or ellipsed is one of the most difficult tricks that English grammar plays, and certainly one of the weirdest that shows up in SC. A couple of general tips:

1) Think as often as you can of the rules of parallel structure. Many different kinds of words can "distribute" to all parts of parallel constructions. The most common are auxiliary (helping) verbs, but other words can also be ellipsed comfortably. For instance:

"My sisters, brothers, and cousins all are coming over." (the adjective "my" is distributed)
"I am, was, and always will be, living in the shadow of my father." (the "living" completes all three verbs -- it's like it's distributed backwards)

2) Think of the word "do" as a "pro-verb." Much as pronouns stand in for nouns, "do" often stands in for a present-tense verb. This is especially common in comparisons:

"As do crickets in the countryside, cars fill up the cityscape with constant background noise." Here, the entire second phrase, but mostly the verb "fill up," is contained within the simple word "do." It may seem weird, but it's very common and totally legitimate.

Please keep in mind that there's no such thing as a "pro-verb" -- it's just something I made up to simplify the explanation of sentences like these. Please don't tell the folks at the Modern Language Association or I'll be in big trouble!
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Re: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2015, 15:47
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Re: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2015, 03:12
tonebeeze wrote:
87. In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners
have cut prices; their wines have been priced to sell,
and they are
.

(A) have been priced to sell, and they are
(B) are priced to sell, and they have
(C) are priced to sell, and they do
(D) are being priced to sell, and have
(E) had been priced to sell, and they have

In the OG explanation "the second verb does not need to repeat the word sell because it is understood from the previous verb phrase priced to sell..."

I seem to constantly miss these problems types where key words do not need to be repeated. Any suggestions of improving on these question types?


Hi There

Could anyone explain this issue here? I don't really see the original mistake in this sentence and neither do I know which tense to use and why ... :(
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Re: In an effort to reduce their inventories, Italian vintners   [#permalink] 19 May 2015, 03:12
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