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In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers

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In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2015, 21:35
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In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers have taken several, though not necessarily conflicting, approaches. Malley and Jemson represent those who have focused on the roles of women in countries under colonial power. However, they are atypical in that they attempt to place the specific continent they studied—South East Asia—in a larger, transnational context. For instance, in claiming that women in Annam (the name of Vietnam before 1950) had diminished economic power, even more so than in their traditional roles, which allowed for some economic autonomy (women’s active role in the marketplace culture is cited), Malley and Jemson are able to make certain parallels with societies in which colonial power rested, namely England and France. Yet, the eye for detail that makes their work on Southeast Asia so compelling is lost in broad generalizations. In pointing out that it was deemed unladylike for women to engage in economic activity in both France and French Indochina, Malley and Jemson would have strengthened their case by offering specific examples from both those parts of the world. Additionally, the greater question of how in some cases colonialism not only offered more freedom than did traditional roles (in real estate a woman’s initials were part of the deed) but also limited women’s freedom would have made the discussion more germane to a transnational context. Camden and Greely, on the other hand, show how a focus on transnational context is often limited by a narrow historical understanding of a specific country. Such a narrow view, unsurprisingly, leads them to impose certain metanarratives on these countries. For instance, in aiming to show that women in places under the colonial yoke acquired roles similar to women in Europe, and later America, Camden and Greely relied on small island nations in the Caribbean to make their case. In doing so, the two not only compromised the scope of their findings but also did not account for practices within these nations that might call into question the validity of their metanarratives. By overlooking the aspects of the culture of the countries they studied and by not including countries that were more representative of colonialism, Camden and Greely fail to concede that such metanarratives might themselves need some review to better account for more widespread practices. Thus, the few parallels they draw between these Caribbean nations and European powers are unconvincing. As both the approaches of Camden and Greely and those of Malley and Jemson show, historicity would be better served by scholars working in tandem to tease out general themes that apply to countries while also appreciating how a country’s local culture informed and coexisted with such themes.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A) anticipate objections to several theories in an academic field and to counter these objections
B) contrast two attempts to understand a historical phenomenon and to champion the more comprehensive approach
C) explore the impact of two approaches on a historical debate and how these approaches inform each other
D) discuss differing approaches to a field of study and to point out how two such approaches are both wanting
E) frame a historical debate by comparing a successful methodology to one that exhibits several notable flaws

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


2. According to the author, which of the following would have made Malley and Jemson’s case more compelling?

A) Had Malley and Jemson supplemented their own observations with a nation’s history as recorded by that nation’s own people
B) Had Malley and Jemson described in greater detail the economic activities in which women in Annam participated
C) Had Malley and Jemson focused on how the traditional roles of women in both Annam and pre-colonial France were more constricted than the roles of women in both countries during the colonial period
D) Had Malley and Jemson contrasted the function the marketplace exerted on the role of women in Annam with that of owning real estate for women in Europe during the colonial period
E) Had Malley and Jemson offered specific examples from both Europe and Southeast Asia of how a woman’s adherence to a traditional role was directly undermined by her engaging in economic activity

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


3.Which of the following best describes the primary contrast between the work of Malley and Jemson and that of Camden and Greely?

A) Malley and Jemson offer a comprehensive understanding of the countries they studied but do not attempt to place their findings in a transnational context, while Camden and Greely are able to convincingly place their findings in a transnational context even though they do not sufficiently understand the histories of the countries they studied.
B) Malley and Jemson displayed a limited understanding of the historical processes in the countries in which they offered as evidence supporting their theories, while Camden and Greely often let the details of a specific country interfere with a broader historical understanding.
C) Malley and Jemson, in attempting to place their findings in a transnational context, do not provide sufficient evidence to support their theories, whereas Camden and Greely, in attempting to support their theories, provide evidence that is unrepresentative of the countries they are studying and disregard information not conforming to their pre-existing narrative.
D) Malley and Jemson use evidence from only a few countries, yet make a compelling case for how their insights apply to a wider geographical context, whereas Camden and Greely are not adequately able to show how their findings from many countries apply to a larger geographical context.
E) Malley and Jemson argue that the most effective approach to understanding how the traditional roles of women affected those during the colonial period is to study countries that were colonial powers, whereas Camden and Greely argue that the most effective approach for understanding this phenomenon is to focus only on countries that were colonial subjects.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


4. Which of the following can be inferred regarding those who only focus on the role of women in countries under colonial rule?

A) They usually do not place their insights in a transnational context.
B) They are likely to let pre-existing theories bias their observations.
C) They are unwilling to consider the effect that traditional roles had on colonial roles.
D) They tend to downplay the economic autonomy exercised by women in traditional roles.
E) They fail to make convincing parallels between countries that are colonial powers and those under colonial rule.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2015, 03:15
15 minunes
2 correct
2 wrong :cry:

Was it that tough :|

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2015, 09:03
sannidhya wrote:
15 minunes
2 correct
2 wrong :cry:

Was it that tough :|



indeed a tough passage . this is 700+ level question . i took 11mins with 1wrong.
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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2015, 21:56
Quite dense Passage
Took 10 mins 3 Correct .
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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2015, 01:45
can anybody post OE for the questions

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In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2015, 04:03
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1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A) anticipate objections to several theories in an academic field and to counter these objections - No objections presented.
B) contrast two attempts to understand a historical phenomenon and to champion the more comprehensive approach - We don't see any champion in the end, only recommendation.
C) explore the impact of two approaches on a historical debate and how these approaches inform each other - Two approaches are not impacting the debate, we have a debate and we are understanding them using 2 approaches.
D) discuss differing approaches to a field of study and to point out how two such approaches are both wanting - Correct. Two approaches are both "wanting" = incomplete.
E) frame a historical debate by comparing a successful methodology to one that exhibits several notable flaws - No successful method (or winner) declared in the end.

For Question 2, I got E as the answer. So, I can't explain it. :(

3.Which of the following best describes the primary contrast between the work of Malley and Jemson and that of Camden and Greely?

A) Malley and Jemson offer a comprehensive understanding of the countries they studied but do not attempt to place their findings in a transnational context, while Camden and Greely are able to convincingly place their findings in a transnational context even though they do not sufficiently understand the histories of the countries they studied.
M&J DO place their findings in transnational context.

B) Malley and Jemson displayed a limited understanding of the historical processes in the countries in which they offered as evidence supporting their theories, while Camden and Greely often let the details of a specific country interfere with a broader historical understanding.
There was no talk about "processes" as such

C) Malley and Jemson, in attempting to place their findings in a transnational context, do not provide sufficient evidence to support their theories, whereas Camden and Greely, in attempting to support their theories, provide evidence that is unrepresentative of the countries they are studying and disregard information not conforming to their pre-existing narrative.
Yes, the author says that "Malley and Jemson would have strengthened their case by offering specific examples from both those parts of the world."

D) Malley and Jemson use evidence from only a few countries, yet make a compelling case for how their insights apply to a wider geographical context, whereas Camden and Greely are not adequately able to show how their findings from many countries apply to a larger geographical context.
No, the author says that C&G's sampling of countries was flawed!

E) Malley and Jemson argue that the most effective approach to understanding how the traditional roles of women affected those during the colonial period is to study countries that were colonial powers, whereas Camden and Greely argue that the most effective approach for understanding this phenomenon is to focus only on countries that were colonial subjects.
There is absolutely no talk about "efficiency" in either.

4. Which of the following can be inferred regarding those who only focus on the role of women in countries under colonial rule?

The passage says "However, they are atypical in that they attempt to place the specific continent they studied—South East Asia—in a larger, transnational context"
That means the typical approaches would be to NOT place stuff in transnational context.
Straight A.

A) They usually do not place their insights in a transnational context.

Hope this helps.
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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2016, 23:14
Patronus wrote:
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A) anticipate objections to several theories in an academic field and to counter these objections - No objections presented.
B) contrast two attempts to understand a historical phenomenon and to champion the more comprehensive approach - We don't see any champion in the end, only recommendation.
C) explore the impact of two approaches on a historical debate and how these approaches inform each other - Two approaches are not impacting the debate, we have a debate and we are understanding them using 2 approaches.
D) discuss differing approaches to a field of study and to point out how two such approaches are both wanting - Correct. Two approaches are both "wanting" = incomplete.
E) frame a historical debate by comparing a successful methodology to one that exhibits several notable flaws - No successful method (or winner) declared in the end.

For Question 2, I got E as the answer. So, I can't explain it. :(

3.Which of the following best describes the primary contrast between the work of Malley and Jemson and that of Camden and Greely?

A) Malley and Jemson offer a comprehensive understanding of the countries they studied but do not attempt to place their findings in a transnational context, while Camden and Greely are able to convincingly place their findings in a transnational context even though they do not sufficiently understand the histories of the countries they studied.
M&J DO place their findings in transnational context.

B) Malley and Jemson displayed a limited understanding of the historical processes in the countries in which they offered as evidence supporting their theories, while Camden and Greely often let the details of a specific country interfere with a broader historical understanding.
There was no talk about "processes" as such

C) Malley and Jemson, in attempting to place their findings in a transnational context, do not provide sufficient evidence to support their theories, whereas Camden and Greely, in attempting to support their theories, provide evidence that is unrepresentative of the countries they are studying and disregard information not conforming to their pre-existing narrative.
Yes, the author says that "Malley and Jemson would have strengthened their case by offering specific examples from both those parts of the world."

D) Malley and Jemson use evidence from only a few countries, yet make a compelling case for how their insights apply to a wider geographical context, whereas Camden and Greely are not adequately able to show how their findings from many countries apply to a larger geographical context.
No, the author says that C&G's sampling of countries was flawed!

E) Malley and Jemson argue that the most effective approach to understanding how the traditional roles of women affected those during the colonial period is to study countries that were colonial powers, whereas Camden and Greely argue that the most effective approach for understanding this phenomenon is to focus only on countries that were colonial subjects.
There is absolutely no talk about "efficiency" in either.

4. Which of the following can be inferred regarding those who only focus on the role of women in countries under colonial rule?

The passage says "However, they are atypical in that they attempt to place the specific continent they studied—South East Asia—in a larger, transnational context"
That means the typical approaches would be to NOT place stuff in transnational context.
Straight A.

A) They usually do not place their insights in a transnational context.

Hope this helps.





The answer to question 2 is clearly C. The passage states :

"Malley and Jemson would have strengthened their case by offering specific examples from both those parts of the world."
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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2017, 08:36
10 min 2 correct. :/ . Really is this sub 600. I don't understand . took me 4 min 30 sec to just read and map passage.

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2017, 05:23
Does anybody have some strategies for this kind of long, difficult readings? Or how to practice to improve?
Thanks.

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 12:05
this is not sub-600 for me! i took a freaking 13 mins and got 1 wrong :@

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2017, 05:28
sannidhya wrote:
15 minunes
2 correct
2 wrong :cry:

Was it that tough :|


HI! I would like to know how much time do we have to read this passage. I've heard that when the passage is short, i must take me 6 minutes, but when it is long, I must take 8 minutos.

Thank you in advance!

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 19:27
Is this a 700 level question

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2017, 06:32
practica wrote:
sannidhya wrote:
15 minunes
2 correct
2 wrong :cry:

Was it that tough :|


HI! I would like to know how much time do we have to read this passage. I've heard that when the passage is short, i must take me 6 minutes, but when it is long, I must take 8 minutos.

Thank you in advance!


It is not something you MUST do. There are no "Must" be followed Rules :)
But something around 3 minutes for short passages and around 4.5 minutes for long passages is normal and fine.

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Re: In exploring the role of women during colonial times, historiographers   [#permalink] 01 Aug 2017, 06:32
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