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In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei

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In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 12:30
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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 209

In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are an instructive reflection of a child’s natural and necessary “killing off” of successive phases in his or her own development.

(A) it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are

(B) it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is

(C) psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is

(D) psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are

(E) psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales is actually

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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 02:04
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pikolo2510 wrote:
quantumliner wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 209

In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are an instructive reflection of a child’s natural and necessary “killing off” of successive phases in his or her own development.
D. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are
E. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales is actually



Option E is the best.



Hey @Quantumliner/@AbdurRakib,

I am stuck with D and E;I selected D because when I ask the question 'What is/are an instructive reflection..."? The answer is "The apparently cruel and arbitrary nature". hence the verb should be 'are' and not 'is'

The part 'of many fairy tales' is the the middleman here

Kindly correct me if I am wrong


when I ask the question 'What is/are an instructive reflection..."? The answer is "The apparently cruel and arbitrary nature". - Correct

The apparently cruel and arbitrary nature

Let's remove the adjective from your answer
The apparently cruel and arbitrary nature

After removing adjectives,
The nature

Now my question is ---- Is NATURE Singular or Plural???
I guess, your answer would be SINGULAR.

Hence option E is correct Answer
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2017, 13:42
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AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 209

In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are an instructive reflection of a child’s natural and necessary “killing off” of successive phases in his or her own development.

A. it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are
B. it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is
C. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is
D. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are
E. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales is actually


The first issue is the use of are/is. To find out what actually needs to be used, we need to ask 'What is/are an instructive reflection..."? The answer is "Nature of Many Fairy Tales", which is Singular and hence requires "is". This rules out A and D.

The second issue the modifier 'In his Uses of Enchantment (1976)" must be followed by whom it refers to. In this case "psychologist Bruno Bettelheim" needs to be used. The options illogically refers to psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion/assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim. This rules out B and C.

Option E is the best.
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 00:57
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quantumliner wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 209

In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are an instructive reflection of a child’s natural and necessary “killing off” of successive phases in his or her own development.

A. it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are
B. it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is
C. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is
D. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are
E. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales is actually


The first issue is the use of are/is. To find out what actually needs to be used, we need to ask 'What is/are an instructive reflection..."? The answer is "Nature of Many Fairy Tales", which is Singular and hence requires "is". This rules out A and D.

The second issue the modifier 'In his Uses of Enchantment (1976)" must be followed by whom it refers to. In this case "psychologist Bruno Bettelheim" needs to be used. The options illogically refers to psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion/assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim. This rules out B and C.

Option E is the best.



Hey @Quantumliner/@AbdurRakib,

I am stuck with D and E;I selected D because when I ask the question 'What is/are an instructive reflection..."? The answer is "The apparently cruel and arbitrary nature". hence the verb should be 'are' and not 'is'

The part 'of many fairy tales' is the the middleman here

Kindly correct me if I am wrong
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 02:40
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 04:05
Imo E
A and B use of it is not clear
A incorrect SVA
B use of What is not correct
C again uses what incorrectly
D incorrect SVA
E correct

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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 08:41
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 209

In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are an instructive reflection of a child’s natural and necessary “killing off” of successive phases in his or her own development.

A. it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are
B. it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is
C. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim’s assertion that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is
D. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are
E. psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales is actually


A,B,C are straight OUT. We need 'In his uses of Enchantment' to modify the psychologist and not his assertion.
Between D & E the difference is between 'are' and 'is'
D - 'Cruel' and 'Arbitrary' are adjectives modifying 'nature' => Nature is singular => 'are' is incorrect. Out.

E is the right answer.
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In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2018, 03:10
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The key thing to note is in "the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature"-- apparently modifies cruel and arbitrary and apparentlyis an adverb-- therefore, cruel and arbitrary can not be nouns, they are indeed adjectives.
the cruel and arbitrary nature are
apparently cruel and arbitrary nature is
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 17:01
Hi Experts,

Could you please help with the following?

Query 1

Had B been written as following, would it have been grammatically correct?

Original (B): it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is....

Modified (B): it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what apparently is the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is....

**I do realize, E would still be better than modified B**

Query 2

Does the Subject <psychologist Bruno Bettelheim> must follow the Initial Modifier <"In his Uses of Enchantment (1976),...">?
or
construction in B: "In his Uses of Enchantment, it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim..." is also acceptable?

Best
RzS


AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 209

In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim???s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are an instructive reflection of a child???s natural and necessary ???killing off??? of successive phases in his or her own development.

(A) it was psychologist Bruno Bettelheim???s assertion that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are

(B) it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is

(C) psychologist Bruno Bettelheim???s assertion that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is

(D) psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually are

(E) psychologist Bruno Bettelheim asserted that the apparently cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales is actually
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 20:34
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TheRzS wrote:
Hi Experts,

Could you please help with the following?

Query 1

Had B been written as following, would it have been grammatically correct?

Original (B): it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what is apparently the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is....

Modified (B): it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim that what apparently is the cruel and arbitrary nature of many fairy tales actually is....

**I do realize, E would still be better than modified B**

Query 2

Does the Subject <psychologist Bruno Bettelheim> must follow the Initial Modifier <"In his Uses of Enchantment (1976),...">?
or
construction in B: "In his Uses of Enchantment, it was the assertion of psychologist Bruno Bettelheim..." is also acceptable?

Best
RzS
1. No. The apparently is intended to modify cruel and arbitrary, and shifting it out of that position just makes the sentence harder to understand. The what is... is wordier than the alternative in E. Finally, actually is is not as good as is actually.

She is not an engineer. She actually is part of the management team. ← "I couldn't believe that she's part of the management team!"
vs.
She is not an engineer. She is actually part of the management team. ← "I'm just helping you see what her real role is."

2. There is no rule against that, especially if the noun that the his refers to has already been introduced in an earlier sentence. However, on the GMAT, I think it's a very good idea to make the logical noun the subject after the initial "in his".
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2019, 22:56
Insightful - Thanks AjiteshArun
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2019, 03:10
1. Modifier Error
The main clause of the sentence must start with the antecedent of the pronoun his in the opening prepositional phrase modifier to logically convey “he” did something in his UE. However, the main clause starts with the placeholder pronoun it. This usage leads to modifier error.

2. SV Number Agreement Error
The singular subject nature does not agree in number with plural verb are. Please note that cruel and arbitrary are the two adjectives for the singular subject nature.
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2019, 00:37
Another approach from my side:
+1st split: "his Uses of Enchantment" requires human stated as a subject--> We can easily eliminate A, B&C. C is incorrect since it emphasises his assertion, not human intention as we are looking for.
+2nd split: What would be the subject for the verb "are"? It's "the nature" so it has to be a singular verb "is", so D is out.
So there's only E left, it is the answer.
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Re: In his Uses of Enchantment (1976), it was psychologist Bruno Bettelhei   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2019, 00:37
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