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In several cities, the government is going ahead with

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In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 27 Jun 2017, 02:35
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In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

A. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

B. The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

C. If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D. The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E. Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.

Originally posted by ykaiim on 02 Apr 2010, 05:17.
Last edited by broall on 27 Jun 2017, 02:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2018, 10:20
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abhigulia3006 wrote:
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey GMATNinja

Can you explain the difference between Option A and Option D? Both options if negated shatter the conclusion. Can you put some light on this?

Completely agree. Still cannot figure out how to eliminate option D. The conclusion is -The government is not guilty of fiscal wastefulness. However, should the projects end up joining the stock of facilities available for leasing, the government can be held responsible for fiscal wastefulness and the argument would fall apart. There is also no mention of the fact that the government projects will meet the requirements upon completion

Quote:
D. The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

Without (D), the government's constructions projects COULD add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned. So what? If those new buildings include needed facilities such as court houses and laboratories, then the new buildings are likely to be filled quickly.

In other words, we are not adding to the stock of vacant offices. We are building facilities that are in demand. Upon completion, we will indeed have an increased stock of facilities available for leasing. But since those facilities are in demand, they will likely be leased and occupied quickly.

(A), on the other hand, is definitely required. Without it, there is a more cost-effective alternative to new construction. That means that new construction is NOT the most cost-effective solution. Going with a solution that is NOT the most cost-effective would be fiscally wasteful.

(A) is the best answer.
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2010, 07:24
1
A
It is a tough one.

B. No. If two options are equally cost effective, you can choose one and not be blamed for wastefulness. It is a matter of preference.
C. No. it is asking you to change the premise, which says that the vacant spaces are not suited to the govt needs.
D. No. the scenario is about starting and suspending the construction. The argument is about the whole action.
E. No. extreme statement.

A. if you logically negate A -- "Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction"-- it would impact the conclusion. So, the right answer.
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 04 Apr 2010, 23:53
2
P1:The government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities.
P2:The vacant offices do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed.

Conclusion: The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

ok for this question assumption should be some thing that states that "these old houses are noway useful for the Offices(This is what i felt after i read the Question)

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

A) Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

D) The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.(I feel D is going out of the conclusion)

Always remember in Assumption Question.

Assumption should be very closely related to Conclusion
&
Negating the Assumption Conclusion should not be valid

These 2 are very imp for Assumption Questions

Originally posted by RaviChandra on 04 Apr 2010, 23:18.
Last edited by RaviChandra on 04 Apr 2010, 23:53, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2012, 13:50
1
In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Meaning :
Even if the decisions made by the Govt. is causing loss ; Govt. is not the guilty

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

Govt. should be responsible for its decision - to choose profitable option , to reduce cost involved

A Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.
Govt.'s own responsibility is not under scan , whereas Govt. should be responsible to take the onus of the profit/loss.

this is further clarified in (E) that the RULES (constitution etc...) states that the GOVT. should follow the rules to achieve more profitability.

B The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

C If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective. correct
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In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2012, 09:23
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In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?
A Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

B The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

C If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.

Kindly give some explanations.

MIke i dont know how to mail u the link new to the club i
I am stuck wid da expalnations on the link of above questions
In my opnion answer should be E

Please shed light
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead Mike McGar  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2012, 21:48
+1A

I have mailed Mike on your behalf

My thoughts are below
Premise 1 - In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities.

Premise 2 - The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories.

Conclusion - The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness

A - Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction. (Exactly, this is the answer. What we are talking about in the conclusion is fiscal wastefulness. When the leasing, even after the additional facilities, costs the same as new projects then there is no wastage)

D - The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned. (If the government is building the projects for themselves why would they line the projects up for leasing? Even if they do line up, those projects will have better facilities and there are chances of capital-recovery)

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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2012, 23:17
I am really confused between A and E can som1 give solid reason to believe why E is not the answer
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 00:43
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Archit143 wrote:
I am really confused between A and E can som1 give solid reason to believe why E is not the answer

Let us look at it another way. This is a very crude way of approaching Assumptions type question. We have to fit the assumption in either between the premises or between the premise and the conclusion. Let us take your option first

Option E

Case 1 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Case 2 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Option A

Case 3 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness

Case 4 : In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Now tell me which option sounds the best?

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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2012, 12:53
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2
Archit143 wrote:
In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?
(A) Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.
(B) The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.
(C) If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.
(D) The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.
(E) Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.

Mike I don't know how to mail u the link

First of all, getgyan, thank you for emailing me on Archit143's behalf.

Dear Archit143
To email me, all you have to do is find any post in which I have posted, and click on my highlighted screenname. That will take you to my profile page. On the profile page, on the left side, in a column under my screen name, you will see a gray button that says "send private message." That's how you can send a private message to any GC user.

For this particular question, I will only discuss (A) & (E), since those are the two that confuse you.

In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?
(A) Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

The classic test for an assumption, as folks above have said, is the "negation test" --- negate the statement, and if that devastates the argument, that's an assumption. You may find this blog helpful.
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/arguments- ... -the-gmat/

Here, let's assume the opposite of (A). Assume that we would save money, that it would be more cost effective, to renovate and adapt those existing offices spaces, rather than build whole new ones. Well, if that's true, then building new ones, the more expensive option, would definitely be more wasteful. That obliterates the conclusion of this argument, so this is a strong candidate for the the correct answer.

(E) Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.
This is a subtle point. Anything that involves extreme language is wrong on the GMAT Verbal section. Extremity can involve very strong emotions, very strong judgments, or, as in this case, extreme scenarios or standards or criteria. Consider the following hierarchy of scenarios ----
before embarking on any major construction project, the government .....
(a) has a policy of reviewing cost effectiveness with an advisory board
(b) must have the cost effectiveness approved by a majority (or 2/3) of the state assembly
(c) must submit the proposal to binding arbitration that will decide whether it is cost effective and hence, whether to permit it
(d) is required by law to establish, to a majority opinion of a panel of judges/jurors/experts, that it is cost effective
[the judicial standard in civil cases]
(e) is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that it is cost effective [the judicial standard in criminal cases]
Notice that (e), the standard for decision in criminal cases, is the strictest decision-making criterion encoded in the law anywhere. Options (a) - (d) are all less serious, less imposing, than (e). In this sense, (e) is an extreme case --- saying that the judgment will be held to the highest standard known anywhere in the legal system. In essence, we are saying --- of 1000 potential projects, if even one cost ineffective project is allowed and goes through, that would be as great a tragedy as, in a 1000 criminal court cases, one innocent person is condemned to a criminal sentence. That latter is a true real-life tragedy, unfairly destroying some poor person's whole life! (That's exactly what the Founding Fathers were hoping to avoid by establishing such a demanding criterion.) Spending a bit too much money on a government construction project -- not ideal, but certainly not a tragedy of the same magnitude!! Do you see what I mean? Yes, it's not a good thing when the government overspends, but saying that it's so bad that it has to be held to the highest criterion that appears anywhere in the entire legal system --- that's extreme.
Obviously, if we negated option (E), which follows standard (e), any of (a)-(d) could still be true, and if any of those were true, it would support the conclusions. This is why (E) doesn't work.

(A) has to be the answer.

You don't have to be an expert on the legal system, but you do need to recognize that key phrase: "to establish beyond any reasonable doubt." That is the standard in every criminal case in the US legal system, again so extremely demanding and hard to demonstrate, because the system is trying to avoid the tragedy of condemning an innocent person to prison.
Nothing else in the entire legal system, in the entire government, is held to that lofty standard. Even in civil cases in the legal system, you only have to demonstrate it to a majority of the jurors to win. In a criminal cases, the decision must be unanimous --- all 12 people must agree that the person is guilty.
That's why, as soon as I saw those words in (E) --- some governmental fiscal thing held to the standard of "beyond any reasonable doubt" --- right away, I knew that was far to extreme to be a correct answer on the GMAT.

Does all this make sense?

Mike
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 15:42
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A is the only make sense as assumption

the other choices do not hold any water

A) Adaption of vacant office space to meet the governments requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such space a more cost effective alternative to new construction.

B) the government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost effective

C) I f facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the governments requirements for facilities the government needs, the government relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D) the government's construction projects would not, on being completed, add to the stock of the facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E) before embarking on any construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are more cost effective.

for the reason in A the gov spend more money but is not guilty
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 16:46
3
shaileshmishra wrote:
carcass wrote:
A is the only make sense as assumption

the other choices do not hold any water

A) Adaption of vacant office space to meet the governments requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such space a more cost effective alternative to new construction.

B) the government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost effective

C) I f facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the governments requirements for facilities the government needs, the government relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

D) the government's construction projects would not, on being completed, add to the stock of the facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

E) before embarking on any construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are more cost effective.

for the reason in A the gov spend more money but is not guilty

can yu please explain y option D is wrong.

I found it easier to answer this question by thinking about it this way:

The government has two choices-lease the space and then retrofit it, or create a whole new construction. In order for the new construction to make sense from a "fiscal" standpoint, the new construction would have to be less expensive than retrofitting the existing buildings would be.

So if you consider those choices, how then is answer "D" relevant? "D" is out of scope..

What are your thoughts Carcass?
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2013, 14:48
this is a quote by stacey

Quote:
They are good as additional practice of individual questions. Do NOT take them as a full test and expect that to be similar to your CAT testing experience - the two types of tests are very different and, in some cases, the way in which you'd take a paper test is exactly the opposite of waht you'd want to do on the CAT. So don't train yourself to have paper test expectations!

A better use of your time would be a review of OG11 + the two supplements. (Or OG10.)

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/gma ... t4045.html

I saw your PVT
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2017, 04:15
1
How answer A relates to the question asked?
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2017, 22:39
Apurba123 wrote:
How answer A relates to the question asked?

A. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

Conclusion : The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

cost associated with construction of A - 100 unit
Cost associated with leasing + renovation ( to meet govt req) = 90 unit ..

there fore it will break the argument that it is beneficial to construct new offices ..
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2017, 23:14
sobby wrote:
Apurba123 wrote:
How answer A relates to the question asked?

A. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

Conclusion : The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

cost associated with construction of A - 100 unit
Cost associated with leasing + renovation ( to meet govt req) = 90 unit ..

there fore it will break the argument that it is beneficial to construct new offices ..

you really have time to do maths in verbal questions?
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2017, 20:19
chesstitans wrote:
sobby wrote:
Apurba123 wrote:
How answer A relates to the question asked?

A. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

Conclusion : The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

cost associated with construction of A - 100 unit
Cost associated with leasing + renovation ( to meet govt req) = 90 unit ..

there fore it will break the argument that it is beneficial to construct new offices ..

you really have time to do maths in verbal questions?

I wouldn't get in the habit of approaching CR questions mathematically -- that's really not the heart of the what the GMAT is trying to test here. Mathematical examples can sometimes be an easy way to illustrate a point, try to understand the structure of the author's argument without relying on such examples. Check out some of the excellent explanations in the first couple of pages of this thread -- most don't rely on math at all.

I hope this helps!
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2018, 21:50
Hey GMATNinja

Can you explain the difference between Option A and Option D? Both options if negated shatter the conclusion. Can you put some light on this?
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2018, 11:13
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pikolo2510 wrote:
Hey GMATNinja

Can you explain the difference between Option A and Option D? Both options if negated shatter the conclusion. Can you put some light on this?

Completely agree. Still cannot figure out how to eliminate option D. The conclusion is -The government is not guilty of fiscal wastefulness. However, should the projects end up joining the stock of facilities available for leasing, the government can be held responsible for fiscal wastefulness and the argument would fall apart. There is also no mention of the fact that the government projects will meet the requirements upon completion
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2018, 08:02
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Premise:
1. gov helps with ambitious construction projects despite the high office-vacancy rates in those cities. --- so offices/buildings are empty and still gov is initiating ambitious construction projects, something fishy in first line.
2. moreover vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed. Explains the first line.

Conclusion:
The government is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

pre-thinking: why gov in not guilty, indeed. may be they are not doing anything wrong. may be this is the best solution ever to construct new projects. may be other alternatives are already rejected .

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

A. Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government's requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction. --- Adaptation of vacant office + make leasing such office space vs new construction, which one is better ?
Adaptation of vacant office this means change office space to make it batter for such use. in other words what ever you don't have get it. now cost of (office on lease with gov requirements) >(cost effective) to new construction. then lets not do it.
moreover if we negate it. conclusion falls. gov is guilty not to try an effective method.

B. The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective. --- we don't know if any as such.

C. If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government's requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance. --- if gov don't relax, is it still guilty ? No.

D. The government's construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned. --- yes, may be true, how guilty gov proved from this.

E. Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective. --- if gov is not required by law then its not a problem. they are not guilty.
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Re: In several cities, the government is going ahead with &nbs [#permalink] 19 Apr 2018, 08:02
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