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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 06:04
Can someone help me quickly with B vs D? I read other comments and am still a little lost.

B) My problem with B is that I believe it is modifying "scene", which doesn't make sense. Both "of an intensive series" and "of experiments" are prepositional phrases and thus modifiers in their own right.

D) Some of the people above were saying that the reason D is wrong is because "that" shows the clause that follows is modifying experiment.How is modifying experiment any less logical than modifying scene?

I guess what I am getting stuck on is how some can argue that the present participle "investigating" is modifying the entire clause in front of it. I thought only adverbial modifiers do that, and in that case you would need a comma -ing, right?
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Re: QOTD: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Co  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2017, 04:36
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souvik101990 wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

B and D are close. However, the subtlety lies in the interchange of words in these options.
The idea of the sentence is to show that the experiments were carried out to investigate the effects that changes (of xyz) would have.
D goes wrong in presenting the idea of investigating changes
.

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Re: QOTD: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Co  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2017, 05:16
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1
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
“their” in "investigate changes ... as to their effects" is unclear

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance -- Correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
the sequence of events is illogical

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
The intended meaning involves “effects of the changes”, but this choice seems to indicate that the conditions themselves haven't changed - only their “effects” have.

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
"to investigate X" is concise and clear as compared to "to investigate what X is"
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 23:49
Pronouns + Awkwardness/wordiness + Logical

A: “their” in "investigate changes ... as to their effects" is unclear.
C: “investigating what are the effects…working conditions would cause” wordy and awkward.
D: Double possessives make the choice unclear and awkward. The intended meaning involves “effects of the changes”, but this choice seems to indicate that the conditions themselves haven't changed - only their “effects” have. That's not the intended meaning.
E: "to investigate X" is concise and clear as compared to "to investigate what X is".
B: The participle "investigating" follows "experiments" immediately. No filler words are necessary; this is good concision.
"would" is used properly here, as a past-tense form of "will".
(i.e., if this sentence were translated into the present tense, it would read "...that changes ... will have"). Hence, B is the answer.
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company   [#permalink] 17 Dec 2018, 23:49

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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company

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