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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company

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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Oct 2017, 20:03, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance => "their " has no logical ref

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause => wordy

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance => "invistigated changes..."

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

Best Fit : My Answer : E ( inspite of unnecessary "what" )

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance – Just Wrong!
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

This is a classic GMAT Q -

All the answers have some flaw and we need to pick the best answer(remember!!.. choose the best answer.)

I choose a process of elimination

I did not really get B rather it was the only one left standing...!!!
Hence B is the aswer.

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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B !

intensive series OF experiments that --- Here "that" incorrectly refers to "series" because of the "OF" construction. Need a participle to modify the "experiments"
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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Read Ron's(MGMAT tutor) explanations

the participle "investigating" follows "experiments" immediately. no filler words are necessary; this is good concision.
the wording is clear; there are no awkward double possessives, etc., as in some of the other choices.
"would" is used properly here, as a past-tense form of "will". (i.e., if this sentence were translated into the present tense, it would read "...that changes ... will have")
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?


(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.


(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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jade3 wrote:
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?


(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
- A present participle modifying the total sentence is allowed in GMAT. Hence correct

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
- “what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause “ is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.


(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
-“that” is modifying experiment. It is illogical to write that “experiment” would investigate. Hence wrong

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

- “what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance”
is totally written in awkward manner. Hence incorrect.

Hope this helps


Actually 'that' belongs to a category called 'essential' modifiers. Essential modifiers can surprisingly modify either the word or the phrase before them, whatever makes sense; this is as opposed to non-essential modifiers such as 'which', which (almost always) modify the word preceding those modifiers.

B expresses the meaning in a most lucid manner and is hence the correct answer. Usage such as "working conditions’ effects " or "what the effects changes in working conditions" are clearly awkward.
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2012, 20:21
(A) that would investigate (its an event of the past so would is not applicable here) changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ (c0nnector missing)performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2012, 09:27
noboru wrote:
noboru wrote:
According to this source* the construction "preposition"+"noun"+"participle" is always wrong, and that is why I didnt choose. Please clarify.

*source: http://www.amazon.com/GMAT-Ultimate-Sen ... 780&sr=8-1


nobody is going to clarify this?
thanks.


Not so sure of this link there.. Perhaps, experts may share something...

I feel E is not awkward and sounds indeed unambiguous.
Why do we have "would have" by the way in B?

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2012, 09:46
noboru wrote:
According to this source* the construction "preposition"+"noun"+"participle" is always wrong, and that is why I didnt choose. Please clarify.

*source: http://www.amazon.com/GMAT-Ultimate-Sen ... 780&sr=8-1



you are right but ; prep+noun+verb-ing can be correct if noun is intended object of preposition.
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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(b) is the best choice here.

(a) is vague because it's overly indirect: the meaning of "investigate changes ... as to their effects" is unclear. what's more, it's probably considered unidiomatic as well, at least in this sort of context.

(b) = correct
the participle "investigating" follows "experiments" immediately. no filler words are necessary; this is good concision.
the wording is clear; there are no awkward double possessives, etc., as in some of the other choices.
"would" is used properly here, as a past-tense form of "will". (i.e., if this sentence were translated into the present tense, it would read "...that changes ... will have")

(c) is ridiculously wordy; there's no way you should give this choice any serious consideration. if you don't realize pretty quickly that this choice is wrong, you should go back and read through a bunch of correct OG answers, trying to internalize the sights and sounds (the "vibe") of the correct answers.

(d) "changes in working conditions' effects" is at best awkward and vague, and at worst ambiguous: the intended meaning is the effects of the changes, but this sentence seems to indicated the effects of the conditions themselves. in other words, a literal reading of this sentence seems to indicate that the conditions themselves haven't changed - only their effects have. that's not the intended meaning of the original.

(e) "what the effects" is ungrammatical.
also, in constructions of this sort, "what" is generally redundant / unnecessary; it's better merely to say "to investigate X" rather than to say "to investigate what X is" (or other such wordy construction).
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2014, 04:15
First look: verb form, redundacy, logical sequence of events

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance Wrong - "as to" is imprecise; "their" doesn't have a proper referent or the sentence is illogical (changes in working conditions as to working conditions' effects on workers' performance

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance Best choice - participles and relative pronouns can be interchanged, typically; cause and effect is clear.

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause Wrong - "for investigating what are" is more wordy and imprecise than "that investigate.."

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance Wrong - the logic of the sentence is reversed too, as if the sentence suggested that the changes in working conditions' effects affected workers performance.

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance Wrong - "effects changes" is nonsensical; "what" is inherently redundant.

IMO B.

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?



In Option B

In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

"Investigating" is modifying "experiments", but experiments are not doing the investigation/study. Verb-ing modifier should make sense with the entity it modifies.

So how is the modifier placement correct here?

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?



its B

Reasoning as follows :

Meaning of Sentence is the Hawthorne Works is a series of experiments & these experiments investigate how change in working condition effects worker's performance.

A : It implies as series of experiments would investigate changes in .....
nonsensical to say that series itself investigate hence wrong.

B : Investigating ....
Verb-ing modifier without a comma, modifies preceding noun, which in this case is series of experiments , thus structure wise sentence is correct, In terms of meaning also perfectly fine, as It provides information about these series of experiments .

C : Awkward construction & meaning not clear

D : Sames as A --> Implies that series itself investigate which is wrong

E : In this structure subject is What the effects ...(Phrase) verb is would have wrong as whenever phrase is subject, It must be taken as singular entity, hence singular verb must be use

Hope this help, & experts correct me if i am wrong some where !!

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2014, 14:32
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?


I'm A little confused. in the none underline part shouldn't be Works were.

In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne WORKS of the Western Electric Company WAS the scene of an intensive series of experiments

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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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jrashish wrote:
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?



In Option B

In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

"Investigating" is modifying "experiments", but experiments are not doing the investigation/study. Verb-ing modifier should make sense with the entity it modifies.

So how is the modifier placement correct here?


Hi jrashish,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. We appreciate your effort. :-)

Yes, you are correct that in the correct answer choice B, the verb-ing modifier modifies the preceding noun entity "series of experiments". Yes, it is kind of a bit odd to say that the "series of experiments" did the investigation about something. But it is certainly not incorrect. This expression is absolutely acceptable on GMAT.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2014, 00:35
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?


Got this Question in Test yesterday!!!

OA is B but how can experiments investigating meaning experiments are investigating is possible. In discussion on the question, A also does the same thing ie that would investigate here that stands for experiments and sentence means experiments would investigate.

B is best among the worst here but certainly not the correct answer...if you had a choice.... with a verbing construction such as

"In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments, investigating how changes in working conditions effects workers’ performance..

Experts please comment on this one
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2014, 00:38
egmat wrote:
jrashish wrote:
rgarg1nortel wrote:
In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

What's the answer and why?



In Option B

In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance

"Investigating" is modifying "experiments", but experiments are not doing the investigation/study. Verb-ing modifier should make sense with the entity it modifies.

So how is the modifier placement correct here?


Hi jrashish,

Thanks for posting your doubt here. We appreciate your effort. :-)

Yes, you are correct that in the correct answer choice B, the verb-ing modifier modifies the preceding noun entity "series of experiments". Yes, it is kind of a bit odd to say that the "series of experiments" did the investigation about something. But it is certainly not incorrect. This expression is absolutely acceptable on GMAT.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha



Hello Shraddha,

Saw your post after posting my query...Can we say that the correct answer is best among the lot because most of the other options are too awkward....Also
May I request you to look at earlier post (in-the-mid-1920s-the-hawthorne-works-of-the-western-electric-87557-20.html)and confirm if my reasoning is correct.
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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WoundedTiger wrote:
Hello Experts,

Please chip on this one....This is GMAT prep question and I am bit worried on this :?


Hi WoundedTiger,

I agree that it sounds a little awkward to say that "a series of experiments" investigated the effects. However, this is the correct answer choice of an official question. Hence, we must understand that such expressions are acceptable.

The suggestion that you have made - to put a comma before "investigation" - will certainly lead to a correct construction. But the meaning will be different from the one the correct answer conveys now. And you certainly understand that. And the other choices do contain grammatical errors that make Choice C correct.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2014, 18:00
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Hello Raihanuddin

Here is my 2 cents.

In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company was the scene of an intensive series of experiments that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance.

(A) that would investigate changes in working conditions as to their effects on workers’ performance
Wrong.
- Why A uses "would investigate" that implies an intention. In fact, the action - "investigate - happened in the past.
- "as to" does not make any sense.

(B) investigating the effects that changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
Correct.
- "investigating" is a verb-ing modifier

(C) for investigating what are the effects in workers’ performance that changes in working conditions would cause
Wrong.
- "for investigating" sounds wrong. To express a purpose, we should use "TO + Verb" not "For + VerbING".
- "that" modifies "performance" incorrectly.

(D) that investigated changes in working conditions’ effects on workers’ performance
Wrong.
- D changes meaning. Because of the possessive form - "working conditions' effects" ==> the ultimate main noun is "effects" NOT "working conditions" ==> a compound noun becomes "changes in effects". Definitely, "change in effects on workers’ performance" is nonsensical in this sentence.
For example: changes of water's colors ==> means "change of colors" NOT "changes of water".

(E) to investigate what the effects changes in working conditions would have on workers’ performance
Wrong.
- "The effects changes" is wrong. The correct meaning is changes in working conditions have effects on workers' performance.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: In the mid-1920’s the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2014, 18:00

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