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# In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the

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Manager
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
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Concentration: Finance, Economics
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In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 06:39
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (01:45) correct 58% (01:41) wrong based on 243 sessions

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In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar. During the same time, there has been increasing publicity about the adverse health effects of weight gain caused by the consumption of sugar-laden drinks. Clearly, the public's awareness of the harmful health effects of weight gained by consuming sugar-laden drinks caused the decline in the consumption of such drinks.

Which of the following statement, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Many consumers have switched to drinking diet soft drinks which are not sweetened with sugar.
B. The average person's consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar has decreased by 8.2 ounces per day.
C. Consuming large quantities of sugar-laden drinks has also been linked to mood swings throughout the day.
D. The consumption of packaged cookies which feature sugar as a key ingredient has decreased during the time period in question.
E. The price of sugar-laden soft drinks has remained stable for the past five years.
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In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 10:09
5
abansal1805 wrote:
In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar. During the same time, there has been increasing publicity about the adverse health effects of weight gain caused by the consumption of sugar-laden drinks. Clearly, the public's awareness of the harmful health effects of weight gained by consuming sugar-laden drinks caused the decline in the consumption of such drinks.

Which of the following statement, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Many consumers have switched to drinking diet soft drinks which are not sweetened with sugar.
B. The average person's consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar has decreased by 8.2 ounces per day.
C. Consuming large quantities of sugar-laden drinks has also been linked to mood swings throughout the day.
D. The consumption of packaged cookies which feature sugar as a key ingredient has decreased during the time period in question.
E. The price of sugar-laden soft drinks has remained stable for the past five years.

Premises 1 : In the past 5 years, the consumption of product X is decreased.
Premises 2 : adverse health effects of product X is publicized.
Conclusion : awareness is the reason for product X's decline.

This can be strengthen by any two addition statement.
Statement 1 : proving that awareness is the only reason for product X's decline.
Statement 2 : proving that there is no any other reason for product X's decline.

A- irrelevant, Many consumer were switched to diet, This doesn't tell that public awareness is the reason for product X's decline.
B- Irrelevant, Already we know that consumption is decreased. This statement gives only how it is decreased.
C- Out of the scope, We don't need to worry large consumption and small consumption.
E- Correct Price remains stable. So, this eliminated the possibility that prices might be the reason for product X's decline. It states statement 2 explanation.
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##### General Discussion
Manager
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Re: In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 06:43
Why is D not the answer in this case?
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Re: In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 06:55
abansal1805 wrote:
Why is D not the answer in this case?

Because it does not say that decline in cookies is because of sugar. It just mentions that sugar is key-component.

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08 Nov 2017, 08:56
IMO E

A,B,C and D are not strengthening.
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Re: In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2017, 12:23
[quote="abansal1805"]In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar. During the same time, there has been increasing publicity about the adverse health effects of weight gain caused by the consumption of sugar-laden drinks. Clearly, the public's awareness of the harmful health effects of weight gained by consuming sugar-laden drinks caused the decline in the consumption of such drinks.

Which of the following statement, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Many consumers have switched to drinking diet soft drinks which are not sweetened with sugar. - This can be inferred from the passage. Can't be strengthener
B. The average person's consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar has decreased by 8.2 ounces per day. - This can be inferred from the passage. Can't be strengthener
C. Consuming large quantities of sugar-laden drinks has also been linked to mood swings throughout the day. - mood? out of scope
D. The consumption of packaged cookies which feature sugar as a key ingredient has decreased during the time period in question. - tricky, but we aren't interested in the cookies
E. The price of sugar-laden soft drinks has remained stable for the past five years - Correct. This removes any alternate cause
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10 Feb 2019, 05:28
abansal1805 wrote:
In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar. During the same time, there has been increasing publicity about the adverse health effects of weight gain caused by the consumption of sugar-laden drinks. Clearly, the public's awareness of the harmful health effects of weight gained by consuming sugar-laden drinks caused the decline in the consumption of such drinks.

Which of the following statement, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Many consumers have switched to drinking diet soft drinks which are not sweetened with sugar.
B. The average person's consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar has decreased by 8.2 ounces per day.
C. Consuming large quantities of sugar-laden drinks has also been linked to mood swings throughout the day.
D. The consumption of packaged cookies which feature sugar as a key ingredient has decreased during the time period in question.
E. The price of sugar-laden soft drinks has remained stable for the past five years.

Dear GMATGuruNY

While OA rules out another cause, can't choices A & D be considered another examples for the effectiveness of publicity that, in turn, drove people away from such drinks? I mean choices A & D work as 'strengtheners' by showing another examples (when A happens then B happens)

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In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2019, 10:48
1
Mo2men wrote:
abansal1805 wrote:
In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar. During the same time, there has been increasing publicity about the adverse health effects of weight gain caused by the consumption of sugar-laden drinks. Clearly, the public's awareness of the harmful health effects of weight gained by consuming sugar-laden drinks caused the decline in the consumption of such drinks.

Which of the following statement, if true, most strengthens the argument above?

A. Many consumers have switched to drinking diet soft drinks which are not sweetened with sugar.
B. The average person's consumption of soft drinks sweetened with sugar has decreased by 8.2 ounces per day.
C. Consuming large quantities of sugar-laden drinks has also been linked to mood swings throughout the day.
D. The consumption of packaged cookies which feature sugar as a key ingredient has decreased during the time period in question.
E. The price of sugar-laden soft drinks has remained stable for the past five years.

Dear GMATGuruNY

While OA rules out another cause, can't choices A & D be considered another examples for the effectiveness of publicity that, in turn, drove people away from such drinks? I mean choices A & D work as 'strengtheners' by showing another examples (when A happens then B happens)

A: Many consumers have switched to drinking diet soft drinks which are not sweetened with sugar.
This information seems to strengthen the PREMISE that there has been a MARKED DECLINE IN THE CONSUMPTION OF SOFT DRINKS SWEETENED WITH SUGAR.
Any option that attempts to strengthen a premise is WRONG.
A premise is a fact: it cannot be strengthened or weakened.
Eliminate A.

The correct answer must strengthen the CONCLUSION.
Here, the conclusion is that the decline in sugar-drink consumption was due to publicity about the adverse health effects.
To strengthen this conclusion, the correct answer must link the publicity to the decline.
Since A does not indicate WHY people have switched to sugar-free drinks, it has no effect on the conclusion.

D: The consumption of packaged cookies which feature sugar as a key ingredient has decreased during the time period in question.
The argument is very limited in scope.
It is only about the consumption of sugar-laden DRINKS, as in the two main premises:
There has been increasing publicity about the adverse health effects of weight gain caused by the consumption of sugar-laden DRINKS.
There has been a marked decline in the consumption of soft DRINKS sweetened with sugar.

Eliminate D.
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Re: In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2019, 17:44
When I first read the answer choices, I leaned towards knocking E out due to stable prices weakening the conclusion in that if change in demand occurs, prices will change too. Accordingly I saw E to be Weaken rather than Strengthen.

My question: are the multiple possibilities to be inferred a signal of a badly written question or is it a testable element which is placed on purpose to confuse. I???m personally leaning towards the first possibility mainly because I???m expecting the GMAT not to require understanding of supply n demand forces.

Thanks,
Abed
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Re: In the past five years, there has been a marked decline in the  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2019, 21:07
1
Moe86 wrote:
When I first read the answer choices, I leaned towards knocking E out due to stable prices weakening the conclusion in that if change in demand occurs, prices will change too. Accordingly I saw E to be Weaken rather than Strengthen.

My question: are the multiple possibilities to be inferred a signal of a badly written question or is it a testable element which is placed on purpose to confuse. I???m personally leaning towards the first possibility mainly because I???m expecting the GMAT not to require understanding of supply n demand forces.

Thanks,
Abed

Hi Abed.

I tend to agree with your assessment that the fact that the price of sugar-laden drinks has not decreased could indicate that demand has not decreased. However, the truth is that the passage does make clear that the consumption of such drinks has decreased. So, if we combine the information from the passage, that consumption has decreased, with the information from the answer choice, that the price has remained stable, we have support for the conclusion that demand did decrease.

Of course, choice (E) is a way to eliminate the possibility that the decrease in consumption of sugar-laden drinks is due to price increases. Thus, by directly stating what is unstated in the passage, that consumption of sugar-laden drinks did not decrease because of a price increase, E adds support to the conclusion.

Regarding whether the GMAT assumes that test-takers understand the basics of the supply and demand, it does. So a test-taker may have to understand relationships between changes in supply or demand and changes in price or quantity in order to correctly answer certain Critical Reasoning questions. That said, the analysis of such forces needed for answering Critical Reasoning questions is generally rather straightforward, and probably the implications of choice (E) that you picked up on involve thinking about market forces slightly more sophisticated than the thinking about such forces that the GMAT would expect test-takers to bring to bear when answering Critical Reasoning questions.
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