GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 10 Dec 2018, 03:03

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free lesson on number properties

     December 10, 2018

     December 10, 2018

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Practice the one most important Quant section - Integer properties, and rapidly improve your skills.
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     December 11, 2018

     December 11, 2018

     09:00 PM EST

     10:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. December 11 at 9 PM EST.

In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1267
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2018, 01:55
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja


Can you please explain Q2.

As per me, according to the human capital theory the high concentration of women in low skilled jobs was because they had to bear children and because they had to stay at home, they could only take occupations which could be carried from home.

I was not able to perform POE well here on lines of thinking about alternate cause.
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Dec 2017
Posts: 13
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jan 2018, 07:31
Got all 3 correct in just under 4.5 minutes.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 06 Sep 2016
Posts: 134
Location: Italy
Schools: EDHEC (A)
GMAT 1: 650 Q43 V37
GPA: 3.2
WE: General Management (Human Resources)
Premium Member
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jan 2018, 09:11
4:45 mins and all 3 correct. Is this a good time for a passage of this kind?
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2141
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jan 2018, 19:20
1
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja


Can you please explain Q2.

As per me, according to the human capital theory the high concentration of women in low skilled jobs was because they had to bear children and because they had to stay at home, they could only take occupations which could be carried from home.

I was not able to perform POE well here on lines of thinking about alternate cause.

In order to use POE, first make sure you are clear about the explanation provided by the human capital theory (HCT). This explanation has two parts:

  • "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work." - Women are the ones who actually had to bear the children (i.e. to be pregnant and give birth), and this would obviously present some obstacles to working and acquiring training.
  • "Because of their primary responsibility in child rearing, women took occupations that could be carried out in the home." - Women tended to take jobs that could be done at home so that they could be home to raise (i.e. rear) the children.

So we need an answer choice that WEAKENS either part. Choices B-E have no impact on these two aspects of the HCT explanation.

As you mentioned, according to HCT, the women tended to take jobs that could be carried out at home. Why? Because their responsibility in child rearing (a domestic task) required them to be at home. But what if there were jobs that allowed women to tend to their domestic responsibilities (i.e. child rearing) outside of their working hours? For example, a job with flexible hours might allow a woman to take care of her domestic responsibilities for a couple hours, then work for a couple hours, then go home to tend to her domestic responsibilities, and then go back to work for a few more hours. In that case, the domestic responsibilities would not be an obstacle.

Choice (A) says that women were STILL unlikely to take jobs even if the jobs had such flexibility. If the jobs were flexible enough to allow the women to take care of their domestic responsibilities, then why didn't the women take those jobs? There must be some other explanation, so the explanation provided by HCT is insufficient.

I hope that helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 378
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2018, 03:14
kanigmat011 wrote:
Can somebody explain logic behind Q44
I feel C is better than A


1st Passage, line 4 says..Theory is USEFUL---- Positive Word
2nd Passage first line says ....Differences in pay scales cannot be explained by the human capital theory--- So theory is incomplete

Answer is A, Well founded though incomplete.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 27 Dec 2016
Posts: 254
CAT Tests
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2018, 17:35
GMATNinja wrote:
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja


Can you please explain Q2.

As per me, according to the human capital theory the high concentration of women in low skilled jobs was because they had to bear children and because they had to stay at home, they could only take occupations which could be carried from home.

I was not able to perform POE well here on lines of thinking about alternate cause.

In order to use POE, first make sure you are clear about the explanation provided by the human capital theory (HCT). This explanation has two parts:

  • "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work." - Women are the ones who actually had to bear the children (i.e. to be pregnant and give birth), and this would obviously present some obstacles to working and acquiring training.
  • "Because of their primary responsibility in child rearing, women took occupations that could be carried out in the home." - Women tended to take jobs that could be done at home so that they could be home to raise (i.e. rear) the children.

So we need an answer choice that WEAKENS either part. Choices B-E have no impact on these two aspects of the HCT explanation.

As you mentioned, according to HCT, the women tended to take jobs that could be carried out at home. Why? Because their responsibility in child rearing (a domestic task) required them to be at home. But what if there were jobs that allowed women to tend to their domestic responsibilities (i.e. child rearing) outside of their working hours? For example, a job with flexible hours might allow a woman to take care of her domestic responsibilities for a couple hours, then work for a couple hours, then go home to tend to her domestic responsibilities, and then go back to work for a few more hours. In that case, the domestic responsibilities would not be an obstacle.

Choice (A) says that women were STILL unlikely to take jobs even if the jobs had such flexibility. If the jobs were flexible enough to allow the women to take care of their domestic responsibilities, then why didn't the women take those jobs? There must be some other explanation, so the explanation provided by HCT is insufficient.

I hope that helps!



Hi GMATNinja,

I was wondering could you please explain why option B is incorrect? I understand the reasoning behind option A but I am not still not able to let go of option B. In the paragraph it says, "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work.". We need a statement that will tell us that it wasn't because of women's role as child bearers but instead something else which explains why they weren't able to work. My reasoning behind option B was that if parents were teaching the skills to their sons only and not to their daughters, this helps weaken the conclusion that the low opportunities resulted from their role as child bearers. Instead it was because of the parents who didn't teach their daughters the necessary skills. Could you please tell me where I went wrong in my reasoning? Would greatly appreciate it!
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Sep 2017
Posts: 173
CAT Tests
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2018, 07:19
Hello singhgaurav957

Let me help you.
To improve the RC skills you need following things-
1. Read a lot. And try to cover a variety of topics like science, economics, sociology, anthropology etc.
2. Try to understand what the author is trying to say. Best way to achieve this is by thinking that you need to explain the same to one of your colleagues. So read carefully.
3. Try to know the tone of the author. Positive, Critical, Skeptical or neutral. These are only some examples.
4. Practice a lot. Do it every day and try to learn maximum from each error.
5. The most important thing - Read very slowly. Don't think about your timing. Once you master these techniques, you will need very less time to answer.

Hope it helps.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 11 May 2018
Posts: 92
Location: India
GMAT 1: 460 Q42 V14
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2018, 04:09
Quote:
The author of the passage would be most likely to describe the explanation provided by the human capital theory for the high concentration of women in certain occupations in the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry as

(A) well founded though incomplete
(B) difficult to articulate
(C) plausible but poorly substantiated
(D) seriously flawed
(E) contrary to recent research



I have eliminated A because the question asks about" the explanation provided by the human capital theory for high concentration of women in certain occupations" .
At the end of the first para it is specified clearly .
So how could it be incomplete?
the next para talks about the differences in the pay scale that is incomplete and is not related to "theory for high concentration of women in certain occupations" .

My mind is clumsy. please help!!
and one more question.
Is this really a sub 600 level paragraph?
_________________

If you want to Thank me Give me a KUDOS
"I’ve spent months preparing for the day I’d face you. I’ve come a long way, GMAT"- SonGoku

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2141
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2018, 10:45
csaluja wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja

Can you please explain Q2.

As per me, according to the human capital theory the high concentration of women in low skilled jobs was because they had to bear children and because they had to stay at home, they could only take occupations which could be carried from home.

I was not able to perform POE well here on lines of thinking about alternate cause.

In order to use POE, first make sure you are clear about the explanation provided by the human capital theory (HCT). This explanation has two parts:

  • "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work." - Women are the ones who actually had to bear the children (i.e. to be pregnant and give birth), and this would obviously present some obstacles to working and acquiring training.
  • "Because of their primary responsibility in child rearing, women took occupations that could be carried out in the home." - Women tended to take jobs that could be done at home so that they could be home to raise (i.e. rear) the children.

So we need an answer choice that WEAKENS either part. Choices B-E have no impact on these two aspects of the HCT explanation.

As you mentioned, according to HCT, the women tended to take jobs that could be carried out at home. Why? Because their responsibility in child rearing (a domestic task) required them to be at home. But what if there were jobs that allowed women to tend to their domestic responsibilities (i.e. child rearing) outside of their working hours? For example, a job with flexible hours might allow a woman to take care of her domestic responsibilities for a couple hours, then work for a couple hours, then go home to tend to her domestic responsibilities, and then go back to work for a few more hours. In that case, the domestic responsibilities would not be an obstacle.

Choice (A) says that women were STILL unlikely to take jobs even if the jobs had such flexibility. If the jobs were flexible enough to allow the women to take care of their domestic responsibilities, then why didn't the women take those jobs? There must be some other explanation, so the explanation provided by HCT is insufficient.

I hope that helps!



Hi GMATNinja,

I was wondering could you please explain why option B is incorrect? I understand the reasoning behind option A but I am not still not able to let go of option B. In the paragraph it says, "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work.". We need a statement that will tell us that it wasn't because of women's role as child bearers but instead something else which explains why they weren't able to work. My reasoning behind option B was that if parents were teaching the skills to their sons only and not to their daughters, this helps weaken the conclusion that the low opportunities resulted from their role as child bearers. Instead it was because of the parents who didn't teach their daughters the necessary skills. Could you please tell me where I went wrong in my reasoning? Would greatly appreciate it!


Note that the author's logic is very focused: Women's role as child bearers results in interruptions in their participation in the job market and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work.

Because this explanation is concerned with the loss of opportunity to acquire training in the job market for child-bearing women, we want the answer choice that most directly weakens this logic. Choice (A) does exactly that by providing evidence that women could actually take advantage of flexible hours to participate in the job market.

Quote:
(B) Parents were less likely to teach occupational skills to their daughters than they were to their sons.

Choice (B) does much less to challenge the author's statements. Even if true, this information only tells us about learning opportunities for boys and girls under the supervision of their parents. Because (B) doesn't tell us anything about occupational skills that grown women could learn in the job market, it doesn't do much to weaken the specific claim being made by the author.

(A) remains the best choice.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 30 Sep 2017
Posts: 65
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jul 2018, 01:38
1. The passage suggests that combing and carding differ from weaving in that combing and carding were
Relevant text: "HC explains why there was a high concentration of women workers in certain low-skill jobs, such as weaving, but not in others, such as combing or carding, by positing that because of their primary responsibility in child rearing women took occupations that could be carried out in the home"

(A) low-skill jobs performed primarily by women employees (those jobs are actually similar in this regard
(B) low-skill jobs that were not performed in the home correct
(C) low-skill jobs performed by both male and female employees the relevant text discusses females
(D) high-skill jobs performed outside the home tries to trap you by using words from the text "a high (concentration)"
(E) high-skill jobs performed by both male and female employees incorrect as this follows from the above comments

2. Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the explanation provided by the human capital theory for women's concentration in certain occupations in seventeenth-century Florence?
Relevant text: "In addition, the human capital theory explains why there was a high concentration of women workers in certain low-skill jobs, such as weaving, but not in others, such as combing or carding, by positing that because of their primary responsibility in child rearing women took occupations that could be carried out in the home". So this is clear that the main factor was claimed to be child rearing that required women to stay at home

(A) Women were unlikely to work outside the home even in occupations whose hours were flexible enough to allow women to accommodate domestic tasks as well as paid labor. correct since answer this suggests that women didn't choose even those occupation that offered flexible hours, showing that perhaps child rearing wasn't the key factor afterall
(B) Parents were less likely to teach occupational skills to their daughters than they were to their sons. this seems a bit broad because it mentions "parents", and it gives an irrelevant comparison of children who were thought skills
(C) Women's participation in the Florentine paid labor force grew steadily throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. this still doesn't give an alternative reason that would explain why women tended to concentrate in one occupation than in some others
(D) The vast majority of female weavers in the Florentine wool industry had children. well if the majority had, then I think it's more likely that the theory is correct
(E) Few women worked as weavers in the Florentine silk industry, which was devoted to making cloths that required a high degree of skill to
produce. this gives information about weaving a relative proportion of women who worked there, but it doesn't relate this info to the other occupations, and so it cannot explain any differently the HC theory

3. The author of the passage would be most likely to describe the explanation provided by the human capital theory for the high concentration of women in certain occupations in the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry as
Relevant text: "In addition, the human capital theory explains why there was a high concentration of women workers in certain low-skill jobs, such as weaving, but not in others, such as combing or carding, by positing that because of their primary responsibility in child rearing women took occupations that could be carried out in the home". So this is clear that the main factor was claimed to be child rearing that required women to stay at home

(A) well founded though incomplete correct because the author does not show any signs of disagreement. The words "but not in others" express the author's concern that this may be a gap that the HC leaves out. Note that the flaw is mentioned in relation to pay.
(B) difficult to articulate difficulty is not discussed in this context
(C) plausible but poorly substantiated this is a trap because it redirects your thinking about the second paragraph
(D) seriously flawed "seriously" is already alarming
(E) contrary to recent research and what research would that be

I did poorly in on this passage. But I hope my debrief will be helpfull
GMAT Club Bot
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp &nbs [#permalink] 20 Jul 2018, 01:38

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 30 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.