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In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp

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In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2018, 02:55
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja


Can you please explain Q2.

As per me, according to the human capital theory the high concentration of women in low skilled jobs was because they had to bear children and because they had to stay at home, they could only take occupations which could be carried from home.

I was not able to perform POE well here on lines of thinking about alternate cause.
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Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2018, 08:31
Got all 3 correct in just under 4.5 minutes.
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Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2018, 10:11
4:45 mins and all 3 correct. Is this a good time for a passage of this kind?
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Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2018, 20:20
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adkikani wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja


Can you please explain Q2.

As per me, according to the human capital theory the high concentration of women in low skilled jobs was because they had to bear children and because they had to stay at home, they could only take occupations which could be carried from home.

I was not able to perform POE well here on lines of thinking about alternate cause.

In order to use POE, first make sure you are clear about the explanation provided by the human capital theory (HCT). This explanation has two parts:

  • "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work." - Women are the ones who actually had to bear the children (i.e. to be pregnant and give birth), and this would obviously present some obstacles to working and acquiring training.
  • "Because of their primary responsibility in child rearing, women took occupations that could be carried out in the home." - Women tended to take jobs that could be done at home so that they could be home to raise (i.e. rear) the children.

So we need an answer choice that WEAKENS either part. Choices B-E have no impact on these two aspects of the HCT explanation.

As you mentioned, according to HCT, the women tended to take jobs that could be carried out at home. Why? Because their responsibility in child rearing (a domestic task) required them to be at home. But what if there were jobs that allowed women to tend to their domestic responsibilities (i.e. child rearing) outside of their working hours? For example, a job with flexible hours might allow a woman to take care of her domestic responsibilities for a couple hours, then work for a couple hours, then go home to tend to her domestic responsibilities, and then go back to work for a few more hours. In that case, the domestic responsibilities would not be an obstacle.

Choice (A) says that women were STILL unlikely to take jobs even if the jobs had such flexibility. If the jobs were flexible enough to allow the women to take care of their domestic responsibilities, then why didn't the women take those jobs? There must be some other explanation, so the explanation provided by HCT is insufficient.

I hope that helps!
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Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 04:14
kanigmat011 wrote:
Can somebody explain logic behind Q44
I feel C is better than A


1st Passage, line 4 says..Theory is USEFUL---- Positive Word
2nd Passage first line says ....Differences in pay scales cannot be explained by the human capital theory--- So theory is incomplete

Answer is A, Well founded though incomplete.
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Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 18:35
GMATNinja wrote:
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja


Can you please explain Q2.

As per me, according to the human capital theory the high concentration of women in low skilled jobs was because they had to bear children and because they had to stay at home, they could only take occupations which could be carried from home.

I was not able to perform POE well here on lines of thinking about alternate cause.

In order to use POE, first make sure you are clear about the explanation provided by the human capital theory (HCT). This explanation has two parts:

  • "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work." - Women are the ones who actually had to bear the children (i.e. to be pregnant and give birth), and this would obviously present some obstacles to working and acquiring training.
  • "Because of their primary responsibility in child rearing, women took occupations that could be carried out in the home." - Women tended to take jobs that could be done at home so that they could be home to raise (i.e. rear) the children.

So we need an answer choice that WEAKENS either part. Choices B-E have no impact on these two aspects of the HCT explanation.

As you mentioned, according to HCT, the women tended to take jobs that could be carried out at home. Why? Because their responsibility in child rearing (a domestic task) required them to be at home. But what if there were jobs that allowed women to tend to their domestic responsibilities (i.e. child rearing) outside of their working hours? For example, a job with flexible hours might allow a woman to take care of her domestic responsibilities for a couple hours, then work for a couple hours, then go home to tend to her domestic responsibilities, and then go back to work for a few more hours. In that case, the domestic responsibilities would not be an obstacle.

Choice (A) says that women were STILL unlikely to take jobs even if the jobs had such flexibility. If the jobs were flexible enough to allow the women to take care of their domestic responsibilities, then why didn't the women take those jobs? There must be some other explanation, so the explanation provided by HCT is insufficient.

I hope that helps!



Hi GMATNinja,

I was wondering could you please explain why option B is incorrect? I understand the reasoning behind option A but I am not still not able to let go of option B. In the paragraph it says, "Women's role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions in their participation in the job market (as compared with men's) and thus reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work.". We need a statement that will tell us that it wasn't because of women's role as child bearers but instead something else which explains why they weren't able to work. My reasoning behind option B was that if parents were teaching the skills to their sons only and not to their daughters, this helps weaken the conclusion that the low opportunities resulted from their role as child bearers. Instead it was because of the parents who didn't teach their daughters the necessary skills. Could you please tell me where I went wrong in my reasoning? Would greatly appreciate it!
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Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2018, 08:19
Hello singhgaurav957

Let me help you.
To improve the RC skills you need following things-
1. Read a lot. And try to cover a variety of topics like science, economics, sociology, anthropology etc.
2. Try to understand what the author is trying to say. Best way to achieve this is by thinking that you need to explain the same to one of your colleagues. So read carefully.
3. Try to know the tone of the author. Positive, Critical, Skeptical or neutral. These are only some examples.
4. Practice a lot. Do it every day and try to learn maximum from each error.
5. The most important thing - Read very slowly. Don't think about your timing. Once you master these techniques, you will need very less time to answer.

Hope it helps.
Re: In the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry, women were emp   [#permalink] 24 Jun 2018, 08:19

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