It is currently 17 Jan 2018, 10:24

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# In theory, international civil servants at the United

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Sep 2006
Posts: 405

Kudos [?]: 107 [1], given: 0

In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2006, 11:33
1
KUDOS
25
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (01:16) correct 20% (01:29) wrong based on 1909 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 11 Sep 2013, 21:36, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 107 [1], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 22 Sep 2006
Posts: 36

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 0

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2006, 12:42
1
KUDOS
B.

substitute X for Y
+
employees who have been assigned

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 0

Senior Manager
Joined: 01 Sep 2006
Posts: 301

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 0

Location: Phoenix, AZ, USA
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Nov 2006, 13:36
421. In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employeesâ€™ paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.
(A) for their employeesâ€™ paychecks, assigned by them
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
(D) in place of their employeesâ€™ paychecks, for those of them assigned
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 14 Jul 2006
Posts: 48

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 0

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Nov 2006, 05:39
1
KUDOS
jyotsnasarabu wrote:
421. In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employeesâ€™ paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.
(A) for their employeesâ€™ paychecks, assigned by them
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
(D) in place of their employeesâ€™ paychecks, for those of them assigned
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them

One Concept is clear in earlier posts regarding Substitute X for Y...one thing to notice between B and C is that its the Employees who have been assigned not the paychecks. C makes a reference to Paychecks.

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 0

Retired Moderator
Joined: 01 Oct 2009
Posts: 588

Kudos [?]: 494 [0], given: 412

GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Mar 2010, 04:04
it was between B&C

will choose B

Kudos [?]: 494 [0], given: 412

Intern
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 22

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2011, 06:45
Just needed some clarity on a rule (if its correct) :

The modifier "verb-ing" always modifies the SUBJECT of the sentence :

[b]The batter hit the ball out of the baseball park, using all his might.

Here even though the noun "baseball park" is closer, this type of modifier takes the SUBJECT.
[/b]

Is the explanation in bold correct?

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 863

Kudos [?]: 408 [1], given: 123

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2011, 06:51
1
KUDOS
ing is the most powerful modifier. It modifies the whole clause. NOT just the one it touches.

deepaksharma1986 wrote:
Just needed some clarity on a rule (if its correct) :

The modifier "verb-ing" always modifies the SUBJECT of the sentence :

[b]The batter hit the ball out of the baseball park, using all his might.

Here even though the noun "baseball park" is closer, this type of modifier takes the SUBJECT.
[/b]

Is the explanation in bold correct?

Kudos [?]: 408 [1], given: 123

Intern
Joined: 16 Nov 2010
Posts: 22

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2011, 07:31
Thanks man, your explanation makes things clearer now

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 14 Dec 2010
Posts: 200

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 5

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 680 Q44 V39
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Mar 2011, 03:54
B it is. Substitute X for Y is the correct usage.

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 5

Intern
Joined: 29 Jan 2014
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: 5 [1], given: 52

GMAT 1: 510 Q36 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q38 V28
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 May 2014, 09:49
1
KUDOS
From OG

Logical predication; Rhetorical construction

It is difficult to tell which parts of this sentence go together because of errors and confusion in the underlined portion. Living allowances is the counterpart of paychecks, so it is better to say governments . . . substitute living allowances for the paychecks of their employees because it makes the substitution clearer. This change also makes it easier to correct the modification error that appears in the phrase assigned by them, which incorrectly modifies paychecks rather than employees. Th e modifying clause who have been assigned clearly describes employees and fits into the remaining part of the sentence, to the United Nations.

A Assigned by them incorrectly and illogically modifies paychecks.
B Correct. In this sentence, the meaning is clearer, because paychecks is separated from employees. The relative clause clearly modifies employees.
C Having been assigned illogically modifies governments.
D The correct construction is substitutes x for y, not substitutes x in place of y. The construction following paychecks is wordy and awkward.
E The correct construction is substitutes x for y, not substitutes x in place of y. The construction following employees is wordy and awkward.

Please give me kudos if you like the post
_________________

Please give me Kudos if you like my post. Thank you

Kudos [?]: 5 [1], given: 52

Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 596

Kudos [?]: 681 [2], given: 298

Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jun 2014, 02:12
2
KUDOS
gmat1220 wrote:
ing is the most powerful modifier. It modifies the whole clause. NOT just the one it touches.

deepaksharma1986 wrote:
Just needed some clarity on a rule (if its correct) :

The modifier "verb-ing" always modifies the SUBJECT of the sentence :

[b]The batter hit the ball out of the baseball park, using all his might.

Here even though the noun "baseball park" is closer, this type of modifier takes the SUBJECT.
[/b]

Is the explanation in bold correct?

ing is a versatile modifier when comma + ing is used it modifes the clause when there is no comma it modifies the Noun. Hope it is clear.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Kudos [?]: 681 [2], given: 298

Current Student
Joined: 20 Jan 2014
Posts: 175

Kudos [?]: 77 [0], given: 120

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2014, 07:35
B.

substitute X for Y
+
employees who have been assigned
_________________

Kudos [?]: 77 [0], given: 120

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10263

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Jun 2016, 08:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 287 [0], given: 0

Retired Moderator
Status: I Declare War!!!
Joined: 02 Apr 2014
Posts: 255

Kudos [?]: 98 [0], given: 546

Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT Date: 03-18-2015
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2016, 12:30
Hi!
Calling all experts for explaining the difference between B & D.
one diffidence is Idiom usage.. any other difference please ?

egmat
magoosh
veritas
chetan4u

thanks

Kudos [?]: 98 [0], given: 546

Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 27

Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 17

GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V31
GMAT 2: 770 Q51 V42
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2016, 14:33
Celestial09 wrote:
Hi!
Calling all experts for explaining the difference between B & D.
one diffidence is Idiom usage.. any other difference please ?

egmat
magoosh
veritas
chetan4u

thanks

Apart from idiomatic error, 2nd thing issue I see is "employees' paychecks, for those of them assigned".
What does those/them refer to. Not clear.

Kudos [?]: 25 [0], given: 17

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 1889

Kudos [?]: 1128 [0], given: 93

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2017, 20:34
In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them - Modifier assigned by them illogically modifies paychecks ; Pronoun them refers to government and means that paychecks are assigned to the United Nations
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned - Correct
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned - having been assigned refers to subject government and is illogical
(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned - substitute and in place of redundant - Idiom error ; for those of them is ambiguous
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them - substitute and in place of redundant - Idiom error ; Wordy

_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Kudos [?]: 1128 [0], given: 93

Manager
Joined: 17 Feb 2014
Posts: 112

Kudos [?]: 71 [1], given: 31

Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V42
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Mar 2017, 08:32
1
KUDOS
In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

Issue: Construction | Idiom

Analysis:
1. In the non-underlined part we see usage of "substitute X". Based on the construction and options of this sentence, we need to go with idiomatic "substitute X for Y" ("substitute X in place of Y" is incorrect)
2. As for the meaning of the sentence, it should properly convey two thoughts in underlined part: (a) the paychecks have been substituted with living allowances (b) employees are the ones assigned to the UN.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them
- "assigned by them" incorrectly modifies "paychecks"

(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned

(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
- "having been assigned" does not correctly modify "employees"

(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned
- "in place" is redundant. Correct idiom is "substitute X for Y"

(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them
- "in place" is redundant. Correct idiom is "substitute X for Y"

Kudos [?]: 71 [1], given: 31

Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 479

Kudos [?]: 84 [0], given: 18

Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Mar 2017, 16:02
In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them (who is them referring to,we have pronoun ambiguity here)
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned Correct answer with clear reference and correct meaning.
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned (having been assigned is wrongly used.)
(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned(those is pronoun ambiguity,it can be referring to civil servants or the paychecks)
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them (to have been is incorrect)

Kudos [?]: 84 [0], given: 18

Intern
Joined: 09 Oct 2016
Posts: 7

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Aug 2017, 17:47
Hi All,
Could you explain the below?

In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them - What does assigned by them modify? Also, how do we figure out what it is modifying?
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned

(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assignedHaving been assigned is a present participle & should modify a noun. In this case it is modifying "employees". Employees were assigned. It follows that this is an appropriate modifier. What am i missing here?

I selected option B, but more because it sounded crisp & clear than anything else. Would like to understand why A & C are wrong!
Thanks

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Status: It's now or never
Joined: 10 Feb 2017
Posts: 287

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 51

Location: India
GMAT 1: 650 Q40 V39
GPA: 3
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2017, 00:22
'B' is Correct - The sentence has a clear meaning, because paychecks is separated from employees. The relative clause clearly modifies employees.
_________________

Class of 2019: Mannheim Business School
Class 0f 2020: HHL Leipzig

Kudos [?]: 28 [0], given: 51

Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2017, 00:22

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by