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In theory, international civil servants at the United

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In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by fameatop on 11 Sep 2013, 22:36, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2006, 13:42
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B.

substitute X for Y
+
employees who have been assigned

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2006, 14:36
421. In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employees’ paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.
(A) for their employees’ paychecks, assigned by them
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
(D) in place of their employees’ paychecks, for those of them assigned
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2006, 06:39
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jyotsnasarabu wrote:
421. In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employees’ paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.
(A) for their employees’ paychecks, assigned by them
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
(D) in place of their employees’ paychecks, for those of them assigned
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them



One Concept is clear in earlier posts regarding Substitute X for Y...one thing to notice between B and C is that its the Employees who have been assigned not the paychecks. C makes a reference to Paychecks. :roll:

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2010, 05:04
it was between B&C

will choose B

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2011, 07:45
Just needed some clarity on a rule (if its correct) :

The modifier "verb-ing" always modifies the SUBJECT of the sentence :

[b]The batter hit the ball out of the baseball park, using all his might.


Here even though the noun "baseball park" is closer, this type of modifier takes the SUBJECT.
[/b]


Is the explanation in bold correct?

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2011, 07:51
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ing is the most powerful modifier. It modifies the whole clause. NOT just the one it touches.

deepaksharma1986 wrote:
Just needed some clarity on a rule (if its correct) :

The modifier "verb-ing" always modifies the SUBJECT of the sentence :

[b]The batter hit the ball out of the baseball park, using all his might.


Here even though the noun "baseball park" is closer, this type of modifier takes the SUBJECT.
[/b]


Is the explanation in bold correct?

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2011, 08:31
Thanks man, your explanation makes things clearer now

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2011, 04:54
B it is. Substitute X for Y is the correct usage.

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2014, 10:49
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From OG

Logical predication; Rhetorical construction

It is difficult to tell which parts of this sentence go together because of errors and confusion in the underlined portion. Living allowances is the counterpart of paychecks, so it is better to say governments . . . substitute living allowances for the paychecks of their employees because it makes the substitution clearer. This change also makes it easier to correct the modification error that appears in the phrase assigned by them, which incorrectly modifies paychecks rather than employees. Th e modifying clause who have been assigned clearly describes employees and fits into the remaining part of the sentence, to the United Nations.

A Assigned by them incorrectly and illogically modifies paychecks.
B Correct. In this sentence, the meaning is clearer, because paychecks is separated from employees. The relative clause clearly modifies employees.
C Having been assigned illogically modifies governments.
D The correct construction is substitutes x for y, not substitutes x in place of y. The construction following paychecks is wordy and awkward.
E The correct construction is substitutes x for y, not substitutes x in place of y. The construction following employees is wordy and awkward.
The correct answer is B.

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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gmat1220 wrote:
ing is the most powerful modifier. It modifies the whole clause. NOT just the one it touches.

deepaksharma1986 wrote:
Just needed some clarity on a rule (if its correct) :

The modifier "verb-ing" always modifies the SUBJECT of the sentence :

[b]The batter hit the ball out of the baseball park, using all his might.


Here even though the noun "baseball park" is closer, this type of modifier takes the SUBJECT.
[/b]


Is the explanation in bold correct?


ing is a versatile modifier when comma + ing is used it modifes the clause when there is no comma it modifies the Noun. Hope it is clear.
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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2014, 08:35
B.

substitute X for Y
+
employees who have been assigned
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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 09:36
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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2016, 13:30
Hi!
Calling all experts for explaining the difference between B & D.
one diffidence is Idiom usage.. any other difference please ?

egmat
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thanks

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2016, 15:33
Celestial09 wrote:
Hi!
Calling all experts for explaining the difference between B & D.
one diffidence is Idiom usage.. any other difference please ?

egmat
magoosh
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chetan4u

thanks


Apart from idiomatic error, 2nd thing issue I see is "employees' paychecks, for those of them assigned".
What does those/them refer to. Not clear.

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2017, 21:34
In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them - Modifier assigned by them illogically modifies paychecks ; Pronoun them refers to government and means that paychecks are assigned to the United Nations
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned - Correct
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned - having been assigned refers to subject government and is illogical
(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned - substitute and in place of redundant - Idiom error ; for those of them is ambiguous
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them - substitute and in place of redundant - Idiom error ; Wordy

Answer B
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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2017, 09:32
In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

Issue: Construction | Idiom

Analysis:
1. In the non-underlined part we see usage of "substitute X". Based on the construction and options of this sentence, we need to go with idiomatic "substitute X for Y" ("substitute X in place of Y" is incorrect)
2. As for the meaning of the sentence, it should properly convey two thoughts in underlined part: (a) the paychecks have been substituted with living allowances (b) employees are the ones assigned to the UN.


(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them
- "assigned by them" incorrectly modifies "paychecks"

(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned

(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned
- "having been assigned" does not correctly modify "employees"

(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned
- "in place" is redundant. Correct idiom is "substitute X for Y"

(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them
- "in place" is redundant. Correct idiom is "substitute X for Y"

Answer: (B)

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2017, 17:02
In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them (who is them referring to,we have pronoun ambiguity here)
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned Correct answer with clear reference and correct meaning.
(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assigned (having been assigned is wrongly used.)
(D) in place of their employee's paychecks, for those of them assigned(those is pronoun ambiguity,it can be referring to civil servants or the paychecks)
(E) in place of the paychecks of their employees to have been assigned by them (to have been is incorrect)

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 18:47
Hi All,
Could you explain the below?

In theory, international civil servants at the United Nations are prohibited from continuing to draw salaries from their own governments; in practice, however, some governments merely substitute living allowances for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them to the United Nations.

(A) for their employee's paychecks, assigned by them - What does assigned by them modify? Also, how do we figure out what it is modifying?
(B) for the paychecks of their employees who have been assigned

(C) for the paychecks of their employees, having been assignedHaving been assigned is a present participle & should modify a noun. In this case it is modifying "employees". Employees were assigned. It follows that this is an appropriate modifier. What am i missing here?

I selected option B, but more because it sounded crisp & clear than anything else. Would like to understand why A & C are wrong!
Thanks

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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 01:22
'B' is Correct - The sentence has a clear meaning, because paychecks is separated from employees. The relative clause clearly modifies employees.
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Re: In theory, international civil servants at the United   [#permalink] 22 Aug 2017, 01:22

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