GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 16 Nov 2018, 02:39

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Nov. 17, 7 AM PST. Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
  • GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz # 9

     November 17, 2018

     November 17, 2018

     09:00 AM PST

     11:00 AM PST

    Join the Quiz Saturday November 17th, 9 AM PST. The Quiz will last approximately 2 hours. Make sure you are on time or you will be at a disadvantage.

Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Sep 2011
Posts: 22
Location: United States
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 15 Nov 2018, 02:15
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (00:44) correct 33% (00:46) wrong based on 192 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.


A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country


i chose E ...the action is still continuing ..it shuld be has been ....but its wrong .. y ..?

Originally posted by deepti1206 on 23 May 2012, 11:24.
Last edited by Bunuel on 15 Nov 2018, 02:15, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 May 2011
Posts: 241
WE 1: IT 1 Yr
WE 2: Supply Chain 5 Yrs
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2012, 12:16
the meaning of the sentence requires present tense. B, D, E Out. In C "which" is referring "month". wrong. A stays.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 17 Sep 2011
Posts: 22
Location: United States
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2012, 12:46
y present tense is required ..?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4508
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 May 2012, 22:34
4
The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
Posts: 387
Location: United States (MA)
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Oct 2012, 17:25
1
I would go with A.

has killed is the correct form of verb here.
And C uses wrong modifier 'which has'

A is correct.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 272
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2012, 12:54
Present perfect tense is used if something starts in the past and continuous till the present or its affect is still present in the present. In this sentence the volcano has killed people and the effect is an emergency which is in present. Hence only A and C remains. In C which is used incorrectly. A wins.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Done with formalities.. and back..
Joined: 15 Sep 2012
Posts: 595
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
Schools: Olin - Wash U - Class of 2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Feb 2013, 04:35
1
Sachin9 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The use of a present tense verb here is not possible, because it is not one of the choices; present tense verb in this context is kills. Has killed is present perfect and has been killing present perfect progressive. Since ther is no simple present tense, the choice falls among present perfect, present perfect progressive, the simple past, and the past perfect.

The setting of the passage is in present tense, so there is no place for either a past tense or a past perfect verb in this case.
We cannot say that the volcano has been killing 191 people, since it erupted last month. This means that the volcano has been killing all the 191 people inch by inch from day one until date. This is an outlandish reasoning.
So the present perfect has killed is the appropriate tense. A and C are left. Between them, C has relative pronoun touch rule problem since, which seems to refer to last month, an illogical, and unfitting reference. A is the correct one.



What is wrong with B mate?

"Since" indicates a continued action on the other hand "killed" indicates a past action. Hence b which uses a past action with since is incorrect. Present perfect has killed is the right combination here with since.
Hope it helps.
_________________

Lets Kudos!!! ;-)
Black Friday Debrief

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 713
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Jun 2014, 11:03
i selected A because rest are having some flagrant mistakes but i am not convinced about A either !!
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Jun 2014
Posts: 12
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Aug 2014, 01:04
Answer is A

Quick way to solve this:
- Must be HAS KILLED as the action is still going on (since) - keep A and C

- WHICH should not modify month - keep A
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Apr 2014
Posts: 8
Location: United States (MI)
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
GPA: 3.4
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Aug 2014, 05:23
A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading
to the declaration of an emergency in the country. Correct

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country. “Present perfect tense” is better, bec the "since"

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead
to the declaration of an emergency in the country. "which" can't refer to the entire sentence.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the
declaration of an emergency in the country. past perfect tense wrong.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to
the declaring of an emergency in the country. “has been killing..." feel wrong, don't know the reason :P
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Oct 2016
Posts: 81
Concentration: Technology, General Management
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Oct 2016, 05:21
when since is used as a reason use any tense

when since is used as a timeline use Present perfect . //
_________________

KINDLY KUDOS IF YOU LIKE THE POST

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Status: Countdown Begins...
Joined: 03 Jul 2016
Posts: 295
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V22
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2017, 02:56
Expert, I got this question correct but I have one doubt.

I know that with "Since" we need present perfect tense. Here the clause before "Since" contains present perfect tense whereas clause after since is in simple past tense. Can you please clarify this structure?
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Jan 2015
Posts: 79
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2017, 04:55
1
RMD007 wrote:
Expert, I got this question correct but I have one doubt.

I know that with "Since" we need present perfect tense. Here the clause before "Since" contains present perfect tense whereas clause after since is in simple past tense. Can you please clarify this structure?


Dear RMD007,

I believe that this question slightly confused your basics.

Let's use another example to help you understand the basic concept that's confused you at the moment
1. I moved to Manhattan in 1990 - should be in simple past because that action got over all for once! I moved and then done!
2. I have worked with Google in Manhattan ever since - I still am working with Google from 1990 (perfect way to use present perfect tense)

So how do you put these 2 facts together?

I have worked with Google in Manhattan since I moved to Manhattan in 1990.

Did you see what happened?
Both the present perfect tense and the past tense are in perfect harmony and are describing my situation right now.
I started working with Google in 1990 when i moved to Manhattan and I still am working with Google.

I hope this cleared your confusion.
_________________

Kudos is the best way to say Thank you! Please give me a kudos if you like my post

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
P
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2093
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2017, 07:53
Top Contributor
Awesome explanation, Alok322!

And for any beginners who are reading this (not you, RMD007 -- you already know what's up), you'll want to avoid the common misconception that verb tenses always have to "match" within the same sentence. Verb tenses don't even need to "match" in a parallel structure: if two actions happened at different times, there's no problem using two different verb tenses.

But the GMAT does really, really love to test you on the logic underneath those verb tenses. If the sentence uses more than one verb tense, does the sequence of events logically match those changing verb tenses? Here's a classic pain-in-the-arse: https://gmatclub.com/forum/in-an-effort ... 83910.html
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars
Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply?
Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Status: active
Joined: 25 Jan 2016
Posts: 139
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 4
WE: Web Development (Computer Software)
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Apr 2017, 08:07
Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

A. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country

B. killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

C. has killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, which has lead to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

D. had killed 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaration of an emergency in the country.

E. has been killing 191 people since it began erupting late last month, leading to the declaring of an emergency in the country.

Whenever Since is used in context of the time frame present perfect always makes perfect sense.
so B and D are out
Also in E has been killing 191 people means that it started killing those 191 people and still killing them only.Out of sense
In C which is not correct as it refers to the month

So A is the best answer
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3386
Premium Member
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Nov 2018, 01:54
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began &nbs [#permalink] 15 Nov 2018, 01:54
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano has killed 191 people since it began

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.