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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e

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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 274

Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

(A) of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
(B) of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
(C) of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
(D) that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
(E) that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 274

Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

A. of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
B. of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
C. of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
D. that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
E. that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through


Option A &B : Incorrect because of the usage of possibility as may be is already used in the non-underlined part. Redundant.
Option C: Usage of usually is incorrect. the prices are higher than usual is the correct usage.
Option D: Same as C. usage of they is ambiguous.
Option E: Correct

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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

A. of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through---- 1. redundancy of may and possibility as already pointed out. 2. usually has no verb to modify, a dangling adverb


B. of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout--- 1. redundancy 2. throughout and through are meaning - wise different.

C. of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through ----- 1. redundancy 2. dangling adverb

D. that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout----- throughout and through are meaning - wise different.

E. that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through -- correct choice

General: All reported speeches are presented in a relative clause introduced by 'that'. Hence D and E are stylistically better than A. B and C.
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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2017, 05:21
daagh.

I rejected E because of the phrase: "through the end of the year".

Well what is the difference between throughout the end of the year and through end of the year, why the latter is correct here?
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Through the end of the year means from now until the end of the year, period by period or event by event. As we are in June now, through the end means the rest of June, the entire of July, August, September, and so on until the last day of December. On the contrary, throughout the end of the year doesn't convey any sensible meaning except to refer to the last of the year. The end of the year marks a particular short point of time. There no meaning in saying throughout that the short period.
Through means from one point to another. Throughout means entirely
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Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

A. of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
B. of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
C. of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
D. that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
E. that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through correct

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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2017, 11:47
Hi, Can you explain the difference between option D and E

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DebasishDhar wrote:
Hi, Can you explain the difference between option D and E


Hi DebasishDhar ,

There are various differences between D and E.

1. Through the end of the year vs throughout the end of the year. Look here for more details:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/industry-ana ... l#p1870370

2. When I am using may, I should not use possibility/could kind of words. Could again signifies possibility and using could with may can lead to redundancy error. Hence, D is incorrect.

I hope that makes sense. :)
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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 03:26
AbdurRakib wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018
Practice Question
Sentence Correction
Question no. 274

Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

A. of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through
B. of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout
C. of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through
D. that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout
E. that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through


Hi,
I have a doubt in option E . I think 'Will' should be 'would' as per the temporal relationship with respect to the statement delivered by Industry analysts. Experts please suggest.
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New post 25 Jul 2017, 09:43
anje29 wrote:
Hi,
I have a doubt in option E . I think 'Will' should be 'would' as per the temporal relationship with respect to the statement delivered by Industry analysts. Experts please suggest.


Hi anje29 ,

Please read my explanation for rejecting option D here (point no. 2)

The same holds true for what you are saying.

Let me know in case of any concern.
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anje29, you'd be right if we were dealing with a simple past tense sentence: "Industry analysts said that prices would stay high for another two years."

However, this sentence is a bit more complicated. Two words in the fixed portion of the sentence--"recent" and "may"--make it clear that the analysts' statement is not restricted to the past. They made a statement about what is still going to happen. This makes "would" less appropriate. Compare "My friend said that she had pneumonia" (pure past) with "My friend said that she has pneumonia" (she still has pneumonia). We can see the same thing with will/would, even though predictions naturally extend into the future either way. "I said that I would help you, and I will." (In the past, I made a statement about what would happen, and now it is still going to happen.) "Scientists predicted last year that the world population will peak at around 9 billion." (The prediction occurred in the past, but the predicted result is still something we're waiting for.)

If it seems that there isn't a precise rule here, that's because there isn't! It's more a matter of what we are trying to emphasize. Is the point to show that a past prediction or projection is old or invalid? Have we perhaps replaced it with a new one? Are we focused more on what was said than on whether it will really happen in the future? Then "would" makes sense. Are we still anticipating the predicted outcome? Are we more focused on the prediction itself than on when it was made? Then we should use "will."
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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 03:46
daagh wrote:
Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an early signal of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through the end of the year.

A. of the possibility of gasoline and heating oil prices staying higher than usually through---- 1. redundancy of may and possibility as already pointed out. 2. usually has no verb to modify, a dangling adverb


B. of the possibility that gasoline and heating oil prices could stay higher than usual throughout--- 1. redundancy 2. throughout and through are meaning - wise different.

C. of prices of gasoline and heating oil possibly staying higher than usually through ----- 1. redundancy 2. dangling adverb

D. that prices of gasoline and heating oil could stay higher than they usually are throughout----- throughout and through are meaning - wise different.

E. that prices of gasoline and heating oil will stay higher than usual through -- correct choice

General: All reported speeches are presented in a relative clause introduced by 'that'. Hence D and E are stylistically better than A. B and C.


daagh isnt could preferred for future in past context??

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New post 26 Dec 2017, 00:21
Hi all,

I haven't understood why using possibility in A and B is redundant. Please explain. Thanks a lot.

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thingocanhnguyen wrote:
Hi all,

I haven't understood why using possibility in A and B is redundant. Please explain. Thanks a lot.


Hey thingocanhnguyen ,

Both A and B are using "may be" AND "possibility" together.

Remember the meaning of "may be"? It itself means there is some possibility, so we don't need to explicitly mention the word "possibility". This creates redundancy.

Does that make sense?
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New post 26 Dec 2017, 05:03
abhimahna wrote:
thingocanhnguyen wrote:
Hi all,

I haven't understood why using possibility in A and B is redundant. Please explain. Thanks a lot.


Hey thingocanhnguyen ,

Both A and B are using "may be" AND "possibility" together.

Remember the meaning of "may be"? It itself means there is some possibility, so we don't need to explicitly mention the word "possibility". This creates redundancy.

Does that make sense?


Hi abhimahna,

Thanks a lot for your explanation. I'm clear now. Thanks.

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Re: Industry analysts said that the recent rise in fuel prices may be an e [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2017, 11:27
deependra1234 wrote:
daagh isnt could preferred for future in past context??




Hello deependra1234,

Although your query is not addressed to me, I would like to clarify your doubt. :-)

This official sentence intends to say that the analysts said that possibly the oil prices will remain higher than usual through the end of the year.

The event of the prices staying higher pertains to future period. The possibility is there that this action will take place. Hence, use of will is absolutely correct in the context of this sentence.

Use of the verb could stay again presents possibility. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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