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# It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as

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It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 06:01
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It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The Red Paint People” first occupied the coast of Maine in approximately 3000 B.C. This name was given to the Indians because their graves contained quantities of a red pigment (iron ochre) that they presumably used to decorate their faces and bodies. However, recently discovered Indian grave sites on the coast of Maine that contain these same red pigments have been conclusively dated to 4000 B.C. Therefore, the “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A)Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously.

B)Other Indian tribes did not live in the same area as the “Red Paint People”

C)Other recently discovered Indian gravesites in the same region were not conclusively dated earlier than 4500 B.C.

D)The recently discovered grave sites on the coast of Maine did not contain other important characteristics of the “Red Paint People”

E)Red pigments have been found in other gravesites on the coast of Maine belonging to tribes other than the “Red Paint People”.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by guerrero25 on 17 Jan 2014, 19:37, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 07:16
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guerrero25 wrote:
It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The Red Paint People” first occupied the coast of Maine in approximately 3000 B.C. This name was given to the Indians because their graves contained quantities of a red pigment (iron ochre) that they presumably used to decorate their faces and bodies. However, recently discovered Indian grave sites on the coast of Maine that contain these same red pigments have been conclusively dated to 4000 B.C. Therefore, the “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A)Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously.

B)Other Indian tribes did not live in the same area as the “Red Paint People”

C)Other recently discovered Indian gravesites in the same region were not conclusively dated earlier than 4500 B.C.

D)The recently discovered grave sites on the coast of Maine did not contain other important characteristics of the “Red Paint People”

E)Red pigments have been found in other gravesites on the coast of Maine belonging to tribes other than the “Red Paint People”.

OA will follow

If we negate A) the argument breaks.

If Tribes often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously -> implies the “The Red Paint People” were not the same tribe as 3000 BC tribe.
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 08:55
Option A makes the most sense.What's the OA?

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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2014, 03:54
i still dont get why A is the solution.
Can anyone explain in detail the solution to this question.
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2014, 10:16
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PREMISE 1. Generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The Red Paint People” first occupied the coast of Maine in approximately 3000 B.C.
2. Recently discovered Indian grave sites on the coast of Maine that contain these same red pigments have been conclusively dated to 4000 B.C.

CONCLUSION- “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.

ASSUMPTION- THE SAME PEOPLE LIVED EARLIER..............

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A)Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously....MEANS IT WERE THE SAME PEOPLE

B)Other Indian tribes did not live in the same area as the “Red Paint People”NO RELATION TO TIME... WHEN ARE WE TALKING OF? ...IN ANY CASE SO WHAT IF OTHERS ALSO LIVED ... WE ARE TALKING OF THE RED PAINT PEOPLE....

C)Other recently discovered Indian grave sites in the same region were not conclusively dated earlier than 4500 B.C....GRAVE SITES MAY BE FROM YESTERDAY TO ETERNITY....

D)The recently discovered grave sites on the coast of Maine did not contain other important characteristics of the “Red Paint People”OTHER IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS OUT OF SCOPE..

E)Red pigments have been found in other grave sites on the coast of Maine belonging to tribes other than the “Red Paint People”.WEAKNER RATHER THAN A ASSUMPTION....
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 14:25
semwal wrote:
PREMISE 1. Generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The Red Paint People” first occupied the coast of Maine in approximately 3000 B.C.
2. Recently discovered Indian grave sites on the coast of Maine that contain these same red pigments have been conclusively dated to 4000 B.C.

CONCLUSION- “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.

ASSUMPTION- THE SAME PEOPLE LIVED EARLIER..............

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A)Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously....MEANS IT WERE THE SAME PEOPLE

B)Other Indian tribes did not live in the same area as the “Red Paint People”NO RELATION TO TIME... WHEN ARE WE TALKING OF? ...IN ANY CASE SO WHAT IF OTHERS ALSO LIVED ... WE ARE TALKING OF THE RED PAINT PEOPLE....

C)Other recently discovered Indian grave sites in the same region were not conclusively dated earlier than 4500 B.C....GRAVE SITES MAY BE FROM YESTERDAY TO ETERNITY....

D)The recently discovered grave sites on the coast of Maine did not contain other important characteristics of the “Red Paint People”OTHER IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS OUT OF SCOPE..

E)Red pigments have been found in other grave sites on the coast of Maine belonging to tribes other than the “Red Paint People”.WEAKNER RATHER THAN A ASSUMPTION....

I didn't understand how A concludes to your assumption that it were the same people.
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2014, 21:30
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gauravkaushik8591

gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
semwal wrote:
PREMISE 1. Generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The Red Paint People” first occupied the coast of Maine in approximately 3000 B.C.
2. Recently discovered Indian grave sites on the coast of Maine that contain these same red pigments have been conclusively dated to 4000 B.C.

CONCLUSION- “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.

ASSUMPTION- THE SAME PEOPLE LIVED EARLIER..............

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A)Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously....MEANS IT WERE THE SAME PEOPLE

B)Other Indian tribes did not live in the same area as the “Red Paint People”NO RELATION TO TIME... WHEN ARE WE TALKING OF? ...IN ANY CASE SO WHAT IF OTHERS ALSO LIVED ... WE ARE TALKING OF THE RED PAINT PEOPLE....

C)Other recently discovered Indian grave sites in the same region were not conclusively dated earlier than 4500 B.C....GRAVE SITES MAY BE FROM YESTERDAY TO ETERNITY....

D)The recently discovered grave sites on the coast of Maine did not contain other important characteristics of the “Red Paint People”OTHER IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS OUT OF SCOPE..

E)Red pigments have been found in other grave sites on the coast of Maine belonging to tribes other than the “Red Paint People”.WEAKNER RATHER THAN A ASSUMPTION....

I didn't understand how A concludes to your assumption that it were the same people.

'A' SAYS----
Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously...
IT MEANS THAT WHAT WAS FOLLOWED IN 3000 BC( LATER TIMEFRAME) WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN ADOPTED BY THE TRIBE IN 3000 BC FROM SOME OTHER ERALIER TRIBE, BUT ONE THAT CONTINUED IN THAT PERTICULAR TRIBE OVER AGES.......IT WAS THE SAME TRIBE FOLLOWING ITS OWN RITUALS.....
Had it been other tribe in 3000 bc they would not have had the same " red paint tradition". HENCE---CONCLUSION- “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.
in case of doubt try "negation test"-
1. negated version- " TRIBES OFTEN ADOPT PREVIOUS TRIBE RITUALS"..... THIS COULD MEAN THAT THE TRIBES IN 3000 BC MAY HAVE BEEN DIFFERENT FROM TRIBES IN 4000 BC......THIS BREAKS DOWN THE CONCLUSION , HENCE " A" - IS THE CORRECT ANSWER......

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It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2014, 04:49
But in choice A, words "not often" mean that sometimes they could. So “The Red Paint People” could adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously

Choice A is moot point

[color=#7a0026][color=#7a0026][color=#7a0026][/color][/color][/color]
semwal wrote:
gauravkaushik8591

gauravkaushik8591 wrote:
semwal wrote:
PREMISE 1. Generally believed that an Indian tribe known as “The Red Paint People” first occupied the coast of Maine in approximately 3000 B.C.
2. Recently discovered Indian grave sites on the coast of Maine that contain these same red pigments have been conclusively dated to 4000 B.C.

CONCLUSION- “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.

ASSUMPTION- THE SAME PEOPLE LIVED EARLIER..............

Which of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?

A)Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously....MEANS IT WERE THE SAME PEOPLE

B)Other Indian tribes did not live in the same area as the “Red Paint People”NO RELATION TO TIME... WHEN ARE WE TALKING OF? ...IN ANY CASE SO WHAT IF OTHERS ALSO LIVED ... WE ARE TALKING OF THE RED PAINT PEOPLE....

C)Other recently discovered Indian grave sites in the same region were not conclusively dated earlier than 4500 B.C....GRAVE SITES MAY BE FROM YESTERDAY TO ETERNITY....

D)The recently discovered grave sites on the coast of Maine did not contain other important characteristics of the “Red Paint People”OTHER IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS OUT OF SCOPE..

E)Red pigments have been found in other grave sites on the coast of Maine belonging to tribes other than the “Red Paint People”.WEAKNER RATHER THAN A ASSUMPTION....

I didn't understand how A concludes to your assumption that it were the same people.

'A' SAYS----
Tribes do not often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously...
IT MEANS THAT WHAT WAS FOLLOWED IN 3000 BC( LATER TIMEFRAME) WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN ADOPTED BY THE TRIBE IN 3000 BC FROM SOME OTHER ERALIER TRIBE, BUT ONE THAT CONTINUED IN THAT PERTICULAR TRIBE OVER AGES.......IT WAS THE SAME TRIBE FOLLOWING ITS OWN RITUALS.....
Had it been other tribe in 3000 bc they would not have had the same " red paint tradition". HENCE---CONCLUSION- “Red Paint People” must have occupied the coast of Maine much earlier than archaeologists previously believed.
in case of doubt try "negation test"-
1. negated version- " TRIBES OFTEN ADOPT PREVIOUS TRIBE RITUALS"..... THIS COULD MEAN THAT THE TRIBES IN 3000 BC MAY HAVE BEEN DIFFERENT FROM TRIBES IN 4000 BC......THIS BREAKS DOWN THE CONCLUSION , HENCE " A" - IS THE CORRECT ANSWER......

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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2015, 18:12
[quote="RayFranklin"]But in choice A, words "not often" mean that sometimes they could. So “The Red Paint People” could adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously

Choice A is moot point

quote]

Although choice A uses word "often", it comes closest to the correct answer.
Answer choice B does not specify the period & customs of other people hence it cannot be totally correct.
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 08:07
If we negate option A, we get Tribes often adopt similar rituals and ceremonies to those that lived in a region previously. This means that red pigment belonged to some other tribe which occupied the region before "Red Paint People". Hence this weakens the argument
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2018, 10:32
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Re: It is generally believed that an Indian tribe known as   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2018, 10:32
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