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# James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite

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James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 Apr 2019, 11:02
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 27, Date : 14-FEB-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details

James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern literature as we know it. He was born in Dublin, the first of 10 children in a Catholic family. His father was a civil servant whose poor financial judgment left the family impoverished for much of Joyce’s youth. Young James attended Dublin’s fine Jesuit schools, which gave him a firm grounding in theology and classical languages—subjects that appeared repeatedly in his later work. The story of his early life and his intellectual rebellion against Catholicism and Irish nationalism are told in the largely autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

In 1902, at the age of 20, Joyce left Dublin to spend the rest of his life in Paris, Trieste, Rome, and Zurich, with only occasional visits back home. Despite this self-imposed exile, Dublin was the setting for most of his writings. Dubliners (1914), Joyce’s most accessible work, is a collection of short stories describing the paralyzing social mores of middle-class Catholic life. “The Dead,” the final story in the collection, is frequently listed as one of the finest short stories ever written.

Joyce’s next book, Ulysses, took seven years to write; once he finished writing it, he almost couldn’t find anyone to publish it. Upon the novel’s publication, both Ireland and the United States immediately banned it as obscene. Despite these obstacles, Ulysses has come to be generally recognized as the greatest twentieth-century novel written in English. The novel was revolutionary in many ways. The structure was unique: Joyce recreated one full day in the life of his protagonist, Leopold Bloom, and modeled the actions of the story on those of Ulysses in the Odyssey. In recounting Bloom’s day, Joyce mentions everything that happens to Bloom—including thoughts, bodily functions, and sexual acts—providing a level of physical actuality that had never before been achieved in literature. To provide a psychological insight comparable to the physical detail, Joyce employed a then-revolutionary technique called stream of consciousness,in which the protagonist’s thoughts are laid bare to the reader.

From 1922 until 1939, Joyce worked on a vast, experimental novel that eventually became known as Finnegan’s Wake. The novel, which recounts “the history of the world” through a family’s dreams, employs its own “night language” of puns, foreign words, and literary allusions. It has no clear chronology or plot, and it begins and ends on incomplete sentences that flow into each other. Many of Joyce’s supporters thought he was wasting his time on the project, although the playwright Samuel Beckett, who later won the Nobel Prize for Literature, helped Joyce compile the final text when his eyesight was failing. Today, Finnegan’s Wake is viewed as Joyce’s most obscure and possibly most brilliant work.

1. Which of the following would make the most appropriate title for this passage?

A. The Long Way Home: Ulysses and Finnegan’s Wake
B. James Joyce, Ulysses, and the Battle against Censorship
C. The Works of James Joyce, Ireland’s Literary Genius
D. The Hidden Value of James Joyce’s Great Novels
E. A Portrait of James Joyce as a Young Man

2. Based on the information in the passage, which of the following would be the mostaccurate statement about Dubliners and Finnegan’s Wake?

A. Dubliners contains one of the greatest short stories in the English language, and Finnegan’s Wake is the greatest story in the English language.
B. Many of the chief characters in Finnegan’s Wake were earlier introduced in Dubliners.
C. The linguistic experimentation of Dubliners paved the way for the “night language” of Finnegan’s Wake.
D. Dubliners is a longer book than Finnegan’s Wake.
E. Dubliners is a more accessible book than Finnegan’s Wake.

3. Joyce’s works helped introduce all except which of the following literary elements into modern English literature?

B. Novel structure based on real-time chronology
C. Linguistic experimentation
D. Literary realism concerning physical reality
E. Stream of consciousness

4. According to the passage, in what year was Joyce born?

A. 1880
B. 1882
C. 1885
D. 1902
E. 1914

Source: McGraw Hills GMAT 2013 (551 - 727)
Difficulty Level: 600

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Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 14 Apr 2019, 11:02, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2019, 11:54
2
Official Explanation

1. Which of the following would make the most appropriate title for this passage?

Explanation

The passage addresses all of Joyce’s great works, and it focuses on why his works are considered to be so brilliant, so C is a fitting title. A, B, D, and E focus on more limited topics that are partially addressed in the passage but are not its main theme.

2. Based on the information in the passage, which of the following would be the mostaccurate statement about Dubliners and Finnegan’s Wake?

Explanation

The passage identifies Dubliners as “Joyce’s most accessible work,” while it says that Finnegan’s Wake “employs its own ‘night language’ of puns, foreign words, and literary allusions,” so it is safe to say that Dubliners is the more accessible work. There is not sufficient support in the passage for answers A through D.

3. Joyce’s works helped introduce all except which of the following literary elements into modern English literature?

Explanation

The passage never mentions second-person address. There is support for all of the other answers in the passage: BThe structure was unique: Joyce recreated one full day in the life of his protagonist; CThe novel … employs its own ‘night language’ of puns, foreign words, and literary allusions; DJoyce mentions everything that happens to Bloom—including thoughts, bodily functions, and sexual acts—providing a level of physical actuality that had never before been achieved in literature; EJoyce employed a then-revolutionary technique called stream of consciousness.

4. According to the passage, in what year was Joyce born?

Explanation

The passage states: “In 1902, at the age of 20, Joyce …”

Hope it Helps
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##### General Discussion
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2018, 10:33
Dear Bunuel

Kindly remove the Tag: Source: Non-GMAT Questions added mistakenly

Thanks
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2018, 10:34
1
Dear Bunuel

Kindly remove the Tag: Source: Non-GMAT Questions added mistakenly

Thanks

________________________________
Done.
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2018, 18:42
Could you explain Q-3.
Joyce's books are written assuming a protagonist, but lack chronology.
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2018, 04:31
2
gvij2017 wrote:
Could you explain Q-3.
Joyce's books are written assuming a protagonist, but lack chronology.

Hi,

let's take a look at the answer:
Quote:
Novel structure based on real-time chronology

Real-time chronology means that everything that happens in real-time is described. This might look a bit confusing at first sight but it is mentioned in the passage.

This is the relevant part of the passage:
Quote:
Joyce mentions everything that happens to Bloom—including thoughts, bodily functions, and sexual acts—providing a level of physical actuality that had never before been achieved in literature

Talking about thoughts, bodily functions etc. definitely is a real-time chronology.

Hope that helps
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2018, 04:39
Thanks for explanation.

Masterscorp wrote:
gvij2017 wrote:
Could you explain Q-3.
Joyce's books are written assuming a protagonist, but lack chronology.

Hi,

let's take a look at the answer:
Quote:
Novel structure based on real-time chronology

Real-time chronology means that everything that happens in real-time is described. This might look a bit confusing at first sight but it is mentioned in the passage.

This is the relevant part of the passage:
Quote:
Joyce mentions everything that happens to Bloom—including thoughts, bodily functions, and sexual acts—providing a level of physical actuality that had never before been achieved in literature

Talking about thoughts, bodily functions etc. definitely is a real-time chronology.

Hope that helps
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2018, 23:22
Edited, added source and difficulty level.
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2018, 04:12
Dear Bunuel

Kindly remove the Tag: Source: Non-GMAT Questions added mistakenly

Thanks

I couldn't understand Q2. Please explain.
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2018, 11:27
1
kanthaliya wrote:
Dear Bunuel

Kindly remove the Tag: Source: Non-GMAT Questions added mistakenly

Thanks

I couldn't understand Q2. Please explain.

Let's try -

Quote:
2. Based on the information in the passage, which of the following would be the mostaccurate statement about Dubliners and Finnegan’s Wake?

A. Dubliners contains one of the greatest short stories in the English language, and Finnegan’s Wake is the greatest story in the English language.
B. Many of the chief characters in Finnegan’s Wake were earlier introduced in Dubliners.
C. The linguistic experimentation of Dubliners paved the way for the “night language” of Finnegan’s Wake.
D. Dubliners is a longer book than Finnegan’s Wake.
E. Dubliners is a more accessible book than Finnegan’s Wake.

Paragraph 3 mentions -

The novel, which recounts “the history of the world” through a family’s dreams, employs its own “night language” of puns, foreign words, and literary allusions. It has no clear chronology or plot, and it begins and ends on incomplete sentences that flow into each other.

Whereas PAragraph 2 while mentioning Dubliners mentions -

Dubliners (1914), Joyce’s most accessible work, is a collection of short stories describing the paralyzing social mores of middle-class Catholic life.

Thus, we can options (E) Dubliners is a more accessible book than Finnegan’s Wake
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2018, 05:02
could anyone explain the first? I went for D since the works faced obstacles till its value was appreciated.
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2019, 06:59
+1 Kudos to posts containing explanation answers to all questions
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2019, 12:32
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 14:04
arpitkansal wrote:

Hi!
I'm going to cite everything so that you can clearly see the correct answer. I think that the best approach to this question is to apply POE, as follows.

For B, "The novel was revolutionary in many ways. The structure was unique: Joyce recreated one full day in the life of his protagonist[...]." (Paragraph #3) --> INCORRECT

For C, "The novel, which recounts “the history of the world” through a family’s dreams, employs its own “night language” of puns, foreign words, and literary allusions." (Paragraph #4)--> INCORRECT

For D, "In recounting Bloom’s day, Joyce mentions everything that happens to Bloom—including thoughts, bodily functions, and sexual acts—providing a level of physical actuality that had never before been achieved in literature." (Paragraph #3)--> INCORRECT

For E, "To provide a psychological insight comparable to the physical detail, Joyce employed a then-revolutionary technique called stream of consciousness, [...]" (Paragraph #3)--> INCORRECT

Since there are 4 incorrect answer choices and 1 correct answer choice, it must be A the correct answer choice.
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite   [#permalink] 15 Feb 2019, 14:04
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