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James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite

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SVP
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James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2018, 10:27
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84% (01:58) correct 16% (02:58) wrong based on 43

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51% (00:31) correct 49% (00:24) wrong based on 45

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McGraw Hills GMAT 2013 (551)

James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern literature as we know it. He was born in Dublin, the first of 10 children in a Catholic family. His father was a civil servant whose poor financial judgment left the family impoverished for much of Joyce’s youth. Young James attended Dublin’s fine Jesuit schools, which gave him a firm grounding in theology and classical languages—subjects that appeared repeatedly in his later work. The story of his early life and his intellectual rebellion against Catholicism and Irish nationalism are told in the largely autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

In 1902, at the age of 20, Joyce left Dublin to spend the rest of his life in Paris, Trieste, Rome, and Zurich, with only occasional visits back home. Despite this self-imposed exile, Dublin was the setting for most of his writings. Dubliners (1914), Joyce’s most accessible work, is a collection of short stories describing the paralyzing social mores of middle-class Catholic life. “The Dead,” the final story in the collection, is frequently listed as one of the finest short stories ever written.

Joyce’s next book, Ulysses, took seven years to write; once he finished writing it, he almost couldn’t find anyone to publish it. Upon the novel’s publication, both Ireland and the United States immediately banned it as obscene. Despite these obstacles, Ulysses has come to be generally recognized as the greatest twentieth-century novel written in English. The novel was revolutionary in many ways. The structure was unique: Joyce recreated one full day in the life of his protagonist, Leopold Bloom, and modeled the actions of the story on those of Ulysses in the Odyssey. In recounting Bloom’s day, Joyce mentions everything that happens to Bloom—including thoughts, bodily functions, and sexual acts—providing a level of physical actuality that had never before been achieved in literature. To provide a psychological insight comparable to the physical detail, Joyce employed a then-revolutionary technique called stream of consciousness,in which the protagonist’s thoughts are laid bare to the reader.

From 1922 until 1939, Joyce worked on a vast, experimental novel that eventually became known as Finnegan’s Wake. The novel, which recounts “the history of the world” through a family’s dreams, employs its own “night language” of puns, foreign words, and literary allusions. It has no clear chronology or plot, and it begins and ends on incomplete sentences that flow into each other. Many of Joyce’s supporters thought he was wasting his time on the project, although the playwright Samuel Beckett, who later won the Nobel Prize for Literature, helped Joyce compile the final text when his eyesight was failing. Today, Finnegan’s Wake is viewed as Joyce’s most obscure and possibly most brilliant work.


1. The author most likely mentions James Joyce’s childhood, family, and education to serve what purpose?

A. To suggest that he had to write in order to make a living
B. To suggest that he became a writer because of his father’s influence
C. To provide the background and cultural context for his literary work
D. To provide evidence that his literary genius was present when he was a child
E. To explain his opposition to Catholicism and socialism in his later life


2. Who is the most likely intended audience for this passage?

A. Insurance professionals at a company seminar
B. University professors of English literature at a symposium on twentieth-century Irish playwrights
C. High school students in Ireland studying their nation’s traditional folklore
D. College students studying twentieth-century English literature
E. Elementary school students studying the Odyssey


3. Which of the following can be inferred about Joyce’s attitude toward Catholicism as practiced in Ireland at the end of the nineteenth century?

A. He felt that it repressed intellectual freedom and individual expression.
B. He viewed it as the central component of the Irish national psyche.
C. He feared that it was impeding the Irish nationalist movement.
D. He felt that it forced him to leave Dublin for Paris, Trieste, Rome, and Zurich.
E. He believed that Dublin’s Jesuit schools provided the finest education in all of Ireland.



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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2018, 16:19
3. Which of the following can be inferred about Joyce’s attitude toward Catholicism as practiced in Ireland at the end of the nineteenth century?[/b]

A. He felt that it repressed intellectual freedom and individual expression.
B. He viewed it as the central component of the Irish national psyche.
C. He feared that it was impeding the Irish nationalist movement.
D. He felt that it forced him to leave Dublin for Paris, Trieste, Rome, and Zurich.
E. He believed that Dublin’s Jesuit schools provided the finest education in all of Ireland.[/box_in][/box_out]



Can someone please explain the reasoning for the answer of above question?
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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2018, 22:06
jackspire wrote:
3. Which of the following can be inferred about Joyce’s attitude toward Catholicism as practiced in Ireland at the end of the nineteenth century?[/b]

A. He felt that it repressed intellectual freedom and individual expression.
B. He viewed it as the central component of the Irish national psyche.
C. He feared that it was impeding the Irish nationalist movement.
D. He felt that it forced him to leave Dublin for Paris, Trieste, Rome, and Zurich.
E. He believed that Dublin’s Jesuit schools provided the finest education in all of Ireland.[/box_in][/box_out]



Can someone please explain the reasoning for the answer of above question?


ANSWER: A

The passage mentions “his intellectual rebellion against Catholicism” and “the paralyzing social mores of middle-class Catholic life”; A captures these sentiments better than any of the other answers. There is insufficient support for B and C, D is incorrect because the passage never says that Catholicism forced him to leave Ireland, or indeed that he was forced to leave (and why travel to Paris, Trieste, and Rome to flee Catholicism?); and E is incorrect because it is too strong a statement and it is not focused on the topic of the question.

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Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2018, 08:08
It took me 6 mins and 15 secs to answer this question. Should I be working on timing issues?
Re: James Joyce revolutionized the novel, the short story, and modern lite   [#permalink] 10 Jun 2018, 08:08
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