GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Jun 2018, 06:22

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

5 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Jun 2015
Posts: 6
Schools: ISB '18
Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jul 2016, 00:52
5
17
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

77% (01:04) correct 23% (00:53) wrong based on 994 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.
A. having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
B. who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
C. previously considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself
D. of whom it had previously been considered they were incapable of discerning truth for themselves
E. who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself
Why E is a wrong choice in above question?
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 24 Apr 2014
Posts: 115
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q48 V45
GPA: 4
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jul 2016, 04:09
1
1
AJ1012 wrote:
Q. Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.
A.
having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
B.
who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
C.
previously considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself
D.
of whom it had previously been considered they were incapable of discerning truth for themselves
E.
who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself

Why E is a wrong choice in above question?


Below is as per i think...

First split is himself or herself vs themselves

Both convey similar meaning.....thus shorter is better .(brevity)

A. Having been (incorrect)
B. Correct
D. It reference issue

Sent from my Le X507 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
_________________

way to victory .....

4 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 939
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jul 2016, 10:16
4
AJ1012 wrote:
Why E is a wrong choice in above question?

The sentence says men and women: men is plural and so is women.

Hence, himself or herself, as pronouns, do not have any antecedent.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 27
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V31
GMAT 2: 770 Q51 V42
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Sep 2016, 08:25
"men and women" is plural subject, hence requires plural pronoun, hence themselves is correct.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 23 Jan 2016
Posts: 213
Location: India
GPA: 3.2
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2016, 15:30
I understand the B has the correct Pronoun antecedent. Now please explain this - isnt 'previously been considered' redundant? how is that correct? been considered should suffice, there is no need for 'previously'. Experts, please help; I would appreciate an early response.

Thanks a ton,
I know nothing
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 17 Feb 2014
Posts: 106
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V42
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2017, 09:29
Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.

Issues: Modifier

A. having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
- Incorrect modifier "-ing"

B. who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
- Correct modifier "who" to indicate people considered incapable

C. previously considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself
- Missing connector
- himself or herself has no antecedent


D. of whom it had previously been considered they were incapable of discerning truth for themselves
- "of whom" creates meaning error
- "considered they" has no connected
- overall this option has poor construction


E. who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself
- himself or herself has no antecedent

Answer: B
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 460
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Mar 2017, 17:18
Q. Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.
A.
having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
B.
who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
C.
previously considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself
D.
of whom it had previously been considered they were incapable of discerning truth for themselves
E.
who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself


Men- is plural
women- is plural

men and women - is always plural, pronoun used for plural antecedent is also plural, B is the correct choice.

Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1174
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Mar 2017, 21:44
Top Contributor
Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.
A. having been previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
B. who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves
C. previously considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself
D. of whom it had previously been considered they were incapable of discerning truth for themselves
E. who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for himself or herself

having been changes the meaning away from the intended one. So given sentence is incorrect.
men and women is plural so himself or herself is incorrect thereby ruling out C and E.
choice D is wordy and clumsy.

_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.


My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773
https://gmatclub.com/forum/improve-reading-habit-233410.html#p1802265

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Feb 2017
Posts: 51
Location: India
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V30
GPA: 3.9
Reviews Badge
Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Mar 2017, 04:48
hey

after eliminating all choices only B was left hence i chose B

But i have read in manhattan SC book that had is not used if sentence contains some other term referring back to that time or helping in deciding the sequence of events such as before

here also i think previously establishes that point and hence there should be were instead of had

please correct me where i am going wrong.

thanks
1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 May 2016
Posts: 8
Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Mar 2017, 15:55
1
Quote:
But i have read in manhattan SC book that had is not used if sentence contains some other term referring back to that time or helping in deciding the sequence of events such as before

here also i think previously establishes that point and hence there should be were instead of had


I'm not sure about the rule you're referring to in the Manhattan SC book, but here's an overview of the past perfect:

When a sentence discusses two completed actions, the past perfect (had + verb) can be used to refer to the action that occurred first.

In some instances, either the simple past (preterit) or the past perfect can acceptably be used. In case of the latter, the past perfect merely serves to emphasize that one action occurred before the other. The sentence you are asking about falls into this category.

Simple Past: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women who were previously considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.

Past Perfect: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women who had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.

In the first version, the simple past emphasizes that both actions took place in the past.

In the second version, the past perfect emphasizes that one action took place before the other -- that ordinary men and women were considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves before literacy became commonplace.

If anything, the word "previously" reinforces the acceptability of the past perfect here because it emphasizes the sequence of events.

In other instances, the past perfect is required, and the simple past cannot be used.

For example, when dealing with hypothetical ("if") clauses and result clauses, the tenses follow a very strict pattern. If the main clause contains the past conditional (would have + past participle), the "if" clause must contain the past perfect.

Correct: Investors' concerns would have grown significantly if the market had continued to decline.

Incorrect: Investors' concerns would have grown significantly if the market continued to decline.

In this case, an adverb of time (e.g. "before" or "previously) would not normally appear in the same clause as the past perfect. That might be the rule you're thinking of.
Expert Post
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1269
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Apr 2017, 00:49
smanujahrc, our book doesn't say that you can't use past perfect when other indicators are present. It's just that in some such cases, past perfect isn't necessary. We could probably get away without using past perfect here--the context and the word "previously" make the order of events clear--but there's nothing stopping us from using it, either.
_________________


Dmitry Farber | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | New York


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Feb 2017
Posts: 51
Location: India
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V30
GPA: 3.9
Reviews Badge
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Apr 2017, 01:49
DmitryFarber wrote:
smanujahrc, our book doesn't say that you can't use past perfect when other indicators are present. It's just that in some such cases, past perfect isn't necessary. We could probably get away without using past perfect here--the context and the word "previously" make the order of events clear--but there's nothing stopping us from using it, either.



oh i am sorry i misunderstood the concept.

i get it

thanks :)
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Sep 2017
Posts: 21
Location: Brazil
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V37
WE: General Management (Computer Software)
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Dec 2017, 15:55
OreoShake wrote:
I understand the B has the correct Pronoun antecedent. Now please explain this - isnt 'previously been considered' redundant? how is that correct? been considered should suffice, there is no need for 'previously'. Experts, please help; I would appreciate an early response.

Thanks a ton,
I know nothing


Hello,

I have the same doubt. Please, could someone help us on that?

(B continues to be the best choice among the five, but the word 'previously' could be removed without changing the meaning. The only reason I believe the word continues there is to 'confuse' and lead to an incorrect choice, for example, to letter C. Besides the pronoun error, C would be a good choice.)

Best,
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Jul 2017
Posts: 1
CAT Tests
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Mar 2018, 04:07
please let me know why other options are incorrect?
B. usage of "had" is correct in it?
why C is not correct?
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 939
Location: Bangalore, India
Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Mar 2018, 00:39
Soumanti Roy wrote:
please let me know why other options are incorrect?
B. usage of "had" is correct in it?
why C is not correct?

Hi Soumanti Roy, indeed the structure in option B (had been considered) is called a past perfect tense. It is most appropriate here because two events happened in the past:

i) Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary men and women

ii) These ordinary men and women had previously been considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves

When two events happened in the past, past perfect tense is often used to establish a chronological sequence (time sequence) between the two events: The event that is expressed in past perfect happened earlier and the events that is expressed in simple past, happened later.

Quote:
why C is not correct?

In C the, entire sentence is in simple past. As I discussed above, past perfect is preferable in such scenarios.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Past perfect tense, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Oct 2017
Posts: 1
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Mar 2018, 18:20
I thought B was ambiguous. How do I know whether "who" modifies "men and women" or just "women"?
Expert Post
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2525
Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Apr 2018, 09:04
dahui911 wrote:
I thought B was ambiguous. How do I know whether "who" modifies "men and women" or just "women"?



Hello dahui911,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt. Here is the explanation nonetheless. :-)



The original sentence says that literacy opened up the realm of knowledge to ordinary men and women. All these men and women were considered incapable of discerning truth for themselves.

Hence logically, who in the correct answer choice B clearly refers to both men and women. Grammatically, the noun modifier who modifies the preceding noun phrase men and women.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Re: Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary   [#permalink] 02 Apr 2018, 09:04
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Literacy opened up entire realms of verifiable knowledge to ordinary

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.