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Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s  [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2016, 06:56
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00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (02:55) correct 54% (02:40) wrong based on 92 sessions

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Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s height and weight. For every three people that Martha meets, she consistently guesses the people’s correct height two times, and for every five people that she meets, she consistently guesses the people’s correct weight three times. If Martha meets three people and her success rate remains constant, what is the probability that Martha correctly guesses a person’s weight and height at least once?

A. 8/27
B. 2/5
C. 49/81
D. 98/125
E. 125/144

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Re: Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s  [#permalink]

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14 May 2016, 19:52
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Probability that she guesses the height correctly P(h)=2/3
Probability that she guesses the weight correctlyP(w)=3/5

Probability that she guesses both weight and height correctly(P(h)*P(w))=2/3 * 3/5= 6/15
Now the Q asks about the probability of this happening atleast once.

We calculate it by finding the probability of not being able to guess in any of the three occasions.

Probability of not being able to guess any no. of times =1-6/15=9/15=3/5

For all three occasions P(A)=3/5 * 3/5 * 3/5=27/125

Probability of the event happening atleast once=1- P(A)=1-27/125=98/125

Ans should be D
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Joined: 03 Apr 2013
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Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V41
GPA: 3
Re: Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2017, 02:16
tallyho_88 wrote:
Probability that she guesses the height correctly P(h)=2/3
Probability that she guesses the weight correctlyP(w)=3/5

Probability that she guesses both weight and height correctly(P(h)*P(w))=2/3 * 3/5= 6/15
Now the Q asks about the probability of this happening atleast once.

We calculate it by finding the probability of not being able to guess in any of the three occasions.

Probability of not being able to guess any no. of times =1-6/15=9/15=3/5

For all three occasions P(A)=3/5 * 3/5 * 3/5=27/125

Probability of the event happening atleast once=1- P(A)=1-27/125=98/125

Ans should be D

Bunuel
This solution uses Compound Event definition.
I understand that if the probability of a single event is P, then the probability of its complement event is 1-P.
But I didn't know that this can also be used in case of compound events, such as is used here. does the gmatclub math book has this concept discussed? can you please suggest some reading?
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Re: Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s  [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2017, 02:03
LETS CONSIDER FOR FIRST PERSON SHE VIEWS=>

XH W , XH XW , H XW IN THESE 3 WAYS SHE CAN SAY WRONG RESULTS FOR SINGLE PERSON
SO P(H) = 2/3 , P(W) = 3/5
XH W = 1/3 x 3/5
XH XW = 1/3 x 2/5
H XW= 2/3 x 2/5

total = 9/15
= 3/5

She can go wrong for single person in probability = 3/5
so for 3 persons she can go wrong in 3/5 x 3/5 x 3/5 = 27/125

Therefore at least 1 correct = 1- Probability none correct
= 1-27/125
= 98/125

Hence Option D
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Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2017, 23:08
Probability of guessing correct height and weight of a single person = $$2/3 * 3/5$$ = 2/5
Probability of failing to guess correct height and weight of a single person = $$1 - (2/5)$$ = 3/5 (this includes all combo, {H success, W failure}, {H failure, W success}, {H failure, W failure}}

Probability of guessing correct height and weight of 3 persons atleast once = 1 - Probablity of not guessing correct height weight of three persons single time
= 1 - (Probability of failing to guess correct height and weight of a single person ^ 3)
= $$1 - (3/5)^3$$ = 98/125
Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s &nbs [#permalink] 11 Dec 2017, 23:08
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Martha has the unique talent of being able to guess other people’s

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