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# Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc

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Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 12 Oct 2019, 00:00
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Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoceros is often called the rarest large mammal on earth. Though the habitat of the Javan rhino once extended across southern Asia, now there are fewer than one hundred of the animals in Indonesia and fewer than a dozen in Vietnam. The decline of the species may have progressed too far to be reversed. For centuries, farmers who wished to cultivate the rhino’s habitat viewed the animals as crop-eating pests and shot them on sight; during the colonial period, hunters slaughtered thousands for their horns, as poachers still do today. The surviving Vietnamese herd has diminished to the point that it can no longer maintain the genetic variation necessary for long-term survival. The Indonesian herd cannot be used to supplement the Vietnamese population because, in the millions of years since Indonesia separated from the mainland, the two groups have evolved into separate sub-species. The Indonesian rhinos are protected on the Ujung Kulon peninsula, which is unsettled by humans, and still thought to have sufficient genetic diversity to survive. The lack of human disturbance, however, allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation preferred by the animals. Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

1. For what purpose does the author include the last sentence of the passage?

(A) To demonstrate that the Indonesian herd has better odds of surviving than the Vietnamese herd.

(B) To support the contention that the Javan rhino species may not be able to recover from its current state.

(C) To establish that farmers and hunters are no longer killing Javan rhinos.

(D) To reinforce the idea that the Indonesian herd of the Javan rhino species will not survive.

(E) To illustrate that human benevolence can be just as detrimental to the survival of a species as can human maltreatment.

2. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) discuss the habitats of endangered species in Southern Asia

(B) describe the ways in which human actions affect the viability of endangered species

(C) outline the decay of a particular species

(D) compare and contrast two related sub-species

(E) advocate measures designed to aid a particular species

3. Which of the following best expresses the author’s attitude toward the likely fate of the Javan Rhino?

(A) optimistic about the Indonesian rhino’s long-term survival

(B) resigned to the eventual extinction of the species

(C) uncertain about the on-going impact of farmers and hunters

(D) pessimistic about the species’ chances for survival

(E) ambivalent about the long-term outcome for the Javan rhinoceros

Originally posted by AR15J on 26 Jan 2017, 04:28.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 12 Oct 2019, 00:00, edited 3 times in total.
Updated - Complete topic (937).
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2017, 04:30
I rejected the choice E because I find last line optimistic rather than pessimistic.

Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

Writing the below line will make it pessimistic indeed

Human benevolence may prove only little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

The below line is optimistic

Studying for 1 hour daily may bring better results than studying for 7 hours once in a week.

So, according to the last line of the passage, human benevolence is not as detrimental as human maltreatment.

For the same reason I rejected the choice B, last line seems to be optimistic, but choice B seems to be pessimistic.

I finally selected choice C which is too strong to be the right choice. Please help !
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2017, 04:38
AR15J wrote:
I rejected the choice E because I find last line optimistic rather than pessimistic.

Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

Writing the below line will make it pessimistic indeed

Human benevolence may prove only little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

The below line is optimistic

Studying for 1 hour daily may bring better results than studying for 7 hours once in a week.

So, according to the last line of the passage, human benevolence is not as detrimental as human maltreatment.

For the same reason I rejected the choice B, last line seems to be optimistic, but choice B seems to be pessimistic.

I finally selected choice C which is too strong to be the right choice. Please help !

You are spot on with E. As For C, you may have missed the fact that poachers are still hunting these rhinos (mentioned in first few sentences).
Now the author tells that the rhino population has been declining rapidly to the point from where it can't be reversed. Option B indirectly states that

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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2017, 06:43
deep14 wrote:
AR15J wrote:
I rejected the choice E because I find last line optimistic rather than pessimistic.

Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

Writing the below line will make it pessimistic indeed

Human benevolence may prove only little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

The below line is optimistic

Studying for 1 hour daily may bring better results than studying for 7 hours once in a week.

So, according to the last line of the passage, human benevolence is not as detrimental as human maltreatment.

For the same reason I rejected the choice B, last line seems to be optimistic, but choice B seems to be pessimistic.

I finally selected choice C which is too strong to be the right choice. Please help !

You are spot on with E. As For C, you may have missed the fact that poachers are still hunting these rhinos (mentioned in first few sentences).
Now the author tells that the rhino population has been declining rapidly to the point from where it can't be reversed. Option B indirectly states that

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Can you please point out the line which says that poachers are still hunting? As per my understanding, the passage says that they hunt in the past. No information is given on present hunting. Correct me if I am wrong.

Now the author tells that the rhino population has been declining rapidly to the point from where it can't be reversed.-- The question asked about only the last line, not about the entire passage.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2017, 07:18
1
I think I missed it earlier. We have to use the below tags for paragraph n questions. Correct me if I am wrong

Coding for RC
Paragraph
Questions

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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2017, 02:55
I rejected the choice E because I find last line optimistic rather than pessimistic.

Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

Writing the below line will make it pessimistic indeed

Human benevolence may prove only little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

The below line is optimistic

Studying for 1 hour daily may bring better results than studying for 7 hours once in a week.

So, according to the last line of the passage, human benevolence is not as detrimental as human maltreatment.

For the same reason I rejected the choice B, last line seems to be optimistic, but choice B seems to be pessimistic.

I finally selected choice C which is too strong to be the right choice. Please help !
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2017, 03:02
AR15J wrote:
I rejected the choice E because I find last line optimistic rather than pessimistic.

Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

Writing the below line will make it pessimistic indeed

Human benevolence may prove only little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

The below line is optimistic

Studying for 1 hour daily may bring better results than studying for 7 hours once in a week.

So, according to the last line of the passage, human benevolence is not as detrimental as human maltreatment.

For the same reason I rejected the choice B, last line seems to be optimistic, but choice B seems to be pessimistic.

I finally selected choice C which is too strong to be the right choice. Please help !

Hi Expert,

Please help. I got the similar tone in Gmatclub exam as well, and I think I understood that wrong too. Below is the last line from that passage

American popularized versions of Feng Shui, by contrast, show hardly any concern for directional alignment or key objects, preferring instead the excessive use of crystals, mirrors, and table-top water features, which, though perhaps entertaining, display precious little respect for the real influence of Chi.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2017, 17:20
Yeah, these are tricky little phrases that don't mean exactly what some people think.

If I say that something is "little better" than something else, I'm saying that it is hardly an improvement at all. In many cases, the point may be that the difference is not worth noting, or that making a change would not be worthwhile. For instance, if I suggest some complex way to save money on groceries through data-intensive comparison shopping, and it turns out that the result is "little better than buying everything at the nearest market," then you'd probably conclude that it would be a waste of time to adopt my method. In the context of our RC passage, you'd expect "human benevolence" to be a whole lot better than maltreatment, so it's rather depressing to hear that it is "little better."

(Note that we can also use this form with some other words, such as "little worse" or "little short of," the latter meaning "almost as much/the same as." "The policy is little short of an outright import ban.")

"Precious little," on the other hand, is simply an idiom that means "very little." You can also say "precious few," but I can't think of any other words that we'd use this way. You can't say "precious many." I think the original idea is that the thing in question is so rare as to be precious, although when we use the expression that doesn't literally have to be true.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2017, 12:23
AR15J wrote:
deep14 wrote:
AR15J wrote:
I rejected the choice E because I find last line optimistic rather than pessimistic.

Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

Writing the below line will make it pessimistic indeed

Human benevolence may prove only little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

The below line is optimistic

Studying for 1 hour daily may bring better results than studying for 7 hours once in a week.

So, according to the last line of the passage, human benevolence is not as detrimental as human maltreatment.

For the same reason I rejected the choice B, last line seems to be optimistic, but choice B seems to be pessimistic.

I finally selected choice C which is too strong to be the right choice. Please help !

You are spot on with E. As For C, you may have missed the fact that poachers are still hunting these rhinos (mentioned in first few sentences).
Now the author tells that the rhino population has been declining rapidly to the point from where it can't be reversed. Option B indirectly states that

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device

Can you please point out the line which says that poachers are still hunting? As per my understanding, the passage says that they hunt in the past. No information is given on present hunting. Correct me if I am wrong.

Now the author tells that the rhino population has been declining rapidly to the point from where it can't be reversed.-- The question asked about only the last line, not about the entire passage.

Little late to reply, ignore if you have already figured it out. To answer your question on where it is mentioned that poachers are still hunting, consider this sentence from the passage -
For centuries, farmers who wished to cultivate the rhino’s habitat viewed the animals as crop-eating pests and shot them on sight; during the colonial period, hunters slaughtered thousands for their horns, as poachers still do today.

Lastly the question is, what is meant by the last sentence? It basically reinforces the fact that we can do almost nothing to help which is a paraphrase of option B. In this case it does not matter where the statement from option B is located in the passage.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2017, 08:02
The two last sentences: The lack of human disturbance, however, allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation preferred by the animals. Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment." is a complete contradiction to the rest (the word however proves that) so if you read carefully the question: For what purpose does the author include the last sentence of the passage? they want an answer that states that humans aren't as cruel as they were before. That's clearly the purpose. I would have chose B is the question were : what is the conclusion of this article concerning the javan rhino species
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2017, 02:31
AR15J wrote:
Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoceros is often called the rarest large mammal on earth. Though the habitat of the Javan rhino once extended across southern Asia, now there are fewer than one hundred of the animals in Indonesia and fewer than a dozen in Vietnam. The decline of the species may have progressed too far to be reversed. For centuries, farmers who wished to cultivate the rhino’s habitat viewed the animals as crop-eating pests and shot them on sight; during the colonial period, hunters slaughtered thousands for their horns, as poachers still do today. The surviving Vietnamese herd has diminished to the point that it can no longer maintain the genetic variation necessary for long-term survival. The Indonesian herd cannot be used to supplement the Vietnamese population because, in the millions of years since Indonesia separated from the mainland, the two groups have evolved into separate sub-species. The Indonesian rhinos are protected on the Ujung Kulon peninsula, which is unsettled by humans, and still thought to have sufficient genetic diversity to survive. The lack of human disturbance, however, allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation preferred by the animals. Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.
For what purpose does the author include the last sentence of the passage?

a) To demonstrate that the Indonesian herd has better odds of surviving than the Vietnamese herd.

b) To support the contention that the Javan rhino species may not be able to recover from its current state.

c) To establish that farmers and hunters are no longer killing Javan rhinos.

d) To reinforce the idea that the Indonesian herd of the Javan rhino species will not survive.

e) To illustrate that human benevolence can be just as detrimental to the survival of a species as can human maltreatment.

B.
Here's my 2 cents.
I have highlighted some text in the passage to support the answer.

The last line is

The lack of human disturbance, however, allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation preferred by the animals. Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

Let's analyze the options one by one.

A. To demonstrate that the Indonesian herd has better odds of surviving than the Vietnamese herd.
There is no comparison going on here, so this is eliminated.

B. To support the contention that the Javan rhino species may not be able to recover from its current state.
Correct. Look at the highlighted text, IMO that is the main point of the passage. The passage has already mentioned that the Vietnamese herd does not have the genetic diversity to survive. The line before the last line mentions that the preferred habitat by rhinos is getting replaced by dense forests due to lack of human interference. These points add up to the suggest that rhinos may not after all be able to survive.

C. To establish that farmers and hunters are no longer killing Javan rhinos.

D. To reinforce the idea that the Indonesian herd of the Javan rhino species will not survive.
This is tricky. Although this is more nicely narrowed down to the context of Indonesian rhinos(content about which is closely placed to the last line), this option goes too far in saying that "they will not survive". Only because of extreme language, this is wrong.

E. To illustrate that human benevolence can be just as detrimental to the survival of a species as can human maltreatment.
This is also tricky. Although the last line does illustrate this for rhinos, it does not illustrate this for ANY SPECIES, as is indicated by the highlighted text - "a" species. Because of this, it's also wrong
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2018, 03:01
1. For what purpose does the author include the last sentence of the passage?

(A) To demonstrate that the Indonesian herd has better odds of surviving than the Vietnamese herd. it's not about the comparison about the two species but about the humans' long-term impact on Indonesian species both by actively diminishing its numbers and by withdrawing from any encounter with the animal

(B) To support the contention that the Javan rhino species may not be able to recover from its current state. correct: " For centuries, farmers who wished to cultivate the rhino’s habitat viewed the animals as crop-eating pests and shot them on sight; during the colonial period, hunters slaughtered thousands for their horns, as poachers still do today. <..> The lack of human disturbance, however, allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation preferred by the animals. Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment."

(C) To establish that farmers and hunters are no longer killing Javan rhinos. so this would prove to be not just a "little better" effect, but the author suggests that even the preservation does not do so good to protect them

(D) To reinforce the idea that the Indonesian herd of the Javan rhino species will not survive. "The Indonesian rhinos are <...> thought to have sufficient genetic diversity to survive." On the other hand, the last comment reveals that the author is actually uncertain about the future of those animals

(E) To illustrate that human benevolence can be just as detrimental to the survival of a species as can human maltreatment. the underlined portion is too strong. "Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment." - the author suggest that the preservation as such seems not to be enough to help save the animal

2. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(A) discuss the habitats of endangered species in Southern Asia given as a support (detail) to the claim by which the author discusses unfavourable conditions for the animal to survive

(B) describe the ways in which human actions affect the viability of endangered species too broad as the passage focus on the rhino not all those that are endangered

(C) outline the decay of a particular species fits the bill

(D) compare and contrast two related sub-species while the author gives a certain distinction that exist with the species, the author gives that to further suggest that both of them face different factors that lower the species survival rates

(E) advocate measures designed to aid a particular species could be true, but not a single measure that could help now is discussed

3. Which of the following best expresses the author’s attitude toward the likely fate of the Javan Rhino?

(A) optimistic about the Indonesian rhino’s long-term survival actually the author is uncertain because of the factors, such as the lack of genetic diversity and unfavourable habitat condition

(B) resigned to the eventual extinction of the species too strong as the author does not clearly state that the animal [b]will disappear but gives support that reduces the chances of survival[/b]

(C) uncertain about the on-going impact of farmers and hunters the author is certain about the impact: the past activity was very detrimental to the survival of the animal, and current protection is better but likely not enough to save the species

(D) pessimistic about the species’ chances for survival correct

(E) ambivalent about the long-term outcome for the Javan rhinoceros the author does seem to have a positive outlook in terms of the survival of the rihno
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2019, 08:01
My main takeaway from the tons of RC passages I have practiced with: if confused between answer choices, steer clear of sweeping statements that discount all other reasons and leave no room for multiple potential explanations. Usually, these statements are qualified with absolute terms such as "completely", "only", "definitely", etc.
Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoc   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2019, 08:01
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