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Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja

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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2016, 09:59
absolutely horrible passage. Can argue multiple answers for most questions
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2016, 18:10
For all those who're confused b\w choices B and D in Q2, here's a simple, accurate and GMAT way of eliminating the wrong one:-

Pointless” and “Doomed” are extreme words (i.e. there's 0% chance of any revival), and thus should be avoided in RC answers if not explicitly mentioned or supported.

In the mentioned passage author has no where mentioned about the absolute surety or guarantee of Indonesian rhino's extinction by human's benevolence. Instead, author has used the word "may" many times.


Thanks to Ron, Manhattan Prep, for the insight.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 08:04
suhasancd wrote:
Which of the following best expresses the author’s attitude toward the likely fate of the Javan Rhino?

A .optimistic about the Indonesian rhino’s long-term survival

B.resigned to the eventual extinction of the species

C.uncertain about the on-going impact of farmers and hunters

D.pessimistic about the species’ chances for survival

E.ambivalent about the long-term outcome for the Javan rhinoceros

Correct answer : D

from the passage : ... The lack of human disturbance, however, allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation preferred by the animals. Human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.

From these sentences, I choose A, as the author is optimistic that the conditions are favorable for Rhino population to grow.

Pls help.


Through out the passage , the author is using negative for the survival of these rhinos. At the end also, the author said "MAY" implying he is not sure about that as well.

So, Pessimistic about its survival should be BEST option out of all.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2016, 10:49
Moderators,

Can you change the answer to the last question here. Most of the people say that it is E, as opposed to A (A is marked as OA)
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2016, 07:07
Keats wrote:
Moderators,

Can you change the answer to the last question here. Most of the people say that it is E, as opposed to A (A is marked as OA)


I also marked E for this question. Not sure whether OA is incorrect or my answer is incorrect.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2016, 00:53
I got 3 wrong (Q1, Q2 and Q6) in 8:30 minutes. A disaster!

However, if I commited two silly mistakes in the first two questions ( in the first one I didn't know the meaning of "mating", so I went for A, but that one is crealry the classic "going too far" answer; in the second Q I chose B even knowing that answers with extreme words are almost never correct), I don't know what is wrong with answer E of question six. I see that the test says " For centuries, farmers, who favored the same habitat, viewed them as crop eating pests and shot them on sight", but it also says that "thousands were slaughtered" during the colonial period.

Any help?
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2017, 10:50
Kconfused wrote:
Is it me or does anyone else think that these answers are complete bonkers?
He mentions the horn of a Javan Rhino and contrasts it with the horns of its Sumatran neighbours to give us a physical description? That can't be the reason. It is to show how these Rhinos have evolved into their own sub species (growing a single horn).
I suppose answers to a couple more questions are laughable too!
Can we have someone from Manhattan drop in and say word on the correct answers, please? Can't find any on the web!



True ! I felt there was some sort of disconnect between the passage,question and answers ! Weird indeed !
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 10:45
All correct except question 6
It is nowhere written in the passage that the most near extinction of rhino was shooting on sight by farmers.
Experts any thoughts on this .
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 04:47
Answer to question 6 should be E.
It is nowhere mentioned in the passage that farmer-killing was the "MAJOR" reason, right?
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 04:53
pammy wrote:
Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoceros is often called the rarest large mammal on earth. None exist in zoos. Like the Indian rhino, the Javan has only one horn; African and Sumatran rhinos have two. While the Javan rhino habitat once extended across southern Asia, now there are fewer than one hundred of the animals in Indonesia and under a dozen in Vietnam. Very little is known about Javan rhinos because they lead secretive and solitary lives in remote jungles. Until recently, scientists debated whether females even have horns, and most scientific work has had to rely on DNA garnered from dung. The near extinction of the Javan rhino is the direct result of human actions. For centuries, farmers, who favored the same habitat, viewed them as crop eating pests and shot them on sight. During the colonial period, hunters slaughtered thousands. Now, human efforts to save them may well prove futile. The Vietnamese herd is probably doomed, as too few remain to maintain the necessary genetic variation. Rhinos from Java cannot supplement the Vietnamese numbers because in the millions of years since Indonesia separated from the mainland, the two groups have evolved into separate sub-species. In Indonesia, the rhinos are protected on the Ujung Kulon peninsula, which is unsettled by humans, and still have sufficient genetic diversity to have a chance at survival. Ironically, however, the lack of human disturbance allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation the animals prefer. Thus, human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.
1. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. Javan rhinos are one of the most endangered animals on the planet.
B. More is known about the genetics of the Javan rhino than is known about its mating patterns.
C. Hunters killed more Javan rhinos in Vietnam than in Indonesia.
D. Most animal extinctions are the result of human actions.
E. Genetic diversity is the most important factor for the survival of a species.




2. The author’s attitude toward current human efforts to save the Javan rhino can best be described as

A. optimistic and worthwhile
B. pointless and doomed
C. idealistic but profitable
D. problematic and ironic
E. confused but heroic




3. The author mentions that the Javan rhino has only one horn in order to do which of the following?

A. explain why it is closer to extinction than the African rhino
B. contrast it to the number of horns that the Indian rhino has
C. demonstrate its evolution into a separate sub-species
D. describe the features of the animal
E. contrast it to the number of horns that females have




4. The purpose of the first paragraph is to

A. discuss the different types of rhinoceroses that populate the world
B. describe the ways in which human actions have brought the Javan rhino close to extinction
C. outline the few known facts about the Javan rhino
D. discuss the steps taken to save the Javan rhino
E. highlight the differences between the sub-species of Javan rhinos in Vietnam and Indonesia




5. According to the passage, which of the following best explains why the number of Javan rhinos in Vietnam cannot be increased by additions from those in the Ujung Kulon peninsula?

A. The Indonesian Javan rhinos constitute a separate sub-species.
B. The Javan rhinos cannot swim to Vietnam and have no land route available.
C. Neither Vietnam nor Indonesia has the funds for such a project.
D. Javan rhinos in the Ujung Kulon peninsula are almost impossible to capture.
E. Terrorist activity in Indonesia has made such a project too dangerous to attempt.




6. The author states that which of the following was most responsible for the near extinction of the Javan rhino?

A. farmers shooting them on sight
B. the separation of Indonesia from the mainland
C. hunters slaughtering thousands
D. current human efforts to save them
E. the cumulative effect of many past human activities






Please explain, question 1 and 2. I am thoroughly confused!
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 10:48
1
Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Javan rhinoceros is often called the rarest large mammal on earth. None exist in zoos. Like the Indian rhino, the Javan has only one horn; African and Sumatran rhinos have two. While the Javan rhino habitat once extended across southern Asia, now there are fewer than one hundred of the animals in Indonesia and under a dozen in Vietnam. Very little is known about Javan rhinos because they lead secretive and solitary lives in remote jungles. Until recently, scientists debated whether females even have horns, and most scientific work has had to rely on DNA garnered from dung. The near extinction of the Javan rhino is the direct result of human actions. For centuries, farmers, who favored the same habitat, viewed them as crop eating pests and shot them on sight. During the colonial period, hunters slaughtered thousands. Now, human efforts to save them may well prove futile. The Vietnamese herd is probably doomed, as too few remain to maintain the necessary genetic variation. Rhinos from Java cannot supplement the Vietnamese numbers because in the millions of years since Indonesia separated from the mainland, the two groups have evolved into separate sub-species. In Indonesia, the rhinos are protected on the Ujung Kulon peninsula, which is unsettled by humans, and still have sufficient genetic diversity to have a chance at survival. Ironically, however, the lack of human disturbance allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation the animals prefer. Thus, human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment.
1. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. Javan rhinos are one of the most endangered animals on the planet. -One of the MOST endangered? Incorrect
B. More is known about the genetics of the Javan rhino than is known about its mating patterns. -CORRECT. Scientists don't have much information. They perform analysis from "dung" for a particular theory.
C. Hunters killed more Javan rhinos in Vietnam than in Indonesia.-No such information given.
D. Most animal extinctions are the result of human actions. -Most animals is a generalisation. This passage is about Javan rhinos
E. Genetic diversity is the most important factor for the survival of a species. -Most important? Exaggerated




2. The author’s attitude toward current human efforts to save the Javan rhino can best be described as

A. optimistic and worthwhile -Not at all optismistic
B. pointless and doomed -Yes its "futile" but not sad.
C. idealistic but profitable -Not at all idealistic
D. problematic and ironic -Yes both problematic and ironical - "Ironically, however, the lack of human disturbance allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation the animals prefer. Thus, human benevolence may prove little better for these rhinos than past human maltreatment"
E. confused but heroic -Not at all heroic




3. The author mentions that the Javan rhino has only one horn in order to do which of the following?

A. explain why it is closer to extinction than the African rhino -No comparison for extinction
B. contrast it to the number of horns that the Indian rhino has -No such contrast mentioned. Its just plain simple information
C. demonstrate its evolution into a separate sub-species -No evolution is demonstrated
D. describe the features of the animal -CORRECT. The author is simply saying that like indian rhinos, Javan rhinos have 1 horn. He further states that african rhinos have 2 horn. There is contrast, no seperate theory. Its simple straightforward.
E. contrast it to the number of horns that females have -No contrast




4. The purpose of the first paragraph is to

A. discuss the different types of rhinoceroses that populate the world -Absolutely not. Passage is just about Javan rhinos.
B. describe the ways in which human actions have brought the Javan rhino close to extinction -No, its not the central point of first para.
C. outline the few known facts about the Javan rhino -CORRECT. Author simply states facts about javan rhino
D. discuss the steps taken to save the Javan rhino -No
E. highlight the differences between the sub-species of Javan rhinos in Vietnam and Indonesia -LOL




5. According to the passage, which of the following best explains why the number of Javan rhinos in Vietnam cannot be increased by additions from those in the Ujung Kulon peninsula?

A. The Indonesian Javan rhinos constitute a separate sub-species. CORRECT. Straight from the passage
B. The Javan rhinos cannot swim to Vietnam and have no land route available. -Are you kidding me?
C. Neither Vietnam nor Indonesia has the funds for such a project. -ROFL
D. Javan rhinos in the Ujung Kulon peninsula are almost impossible to capture. So what? We dont know about rhinos in vietnam
E. Terrorist activity in Indonesia has made such a project too dangerous to attempt. -LOL




6. The author states that which of the following was most responsible for the near extinction of the Javan rhino?
"I DONT AGREE WITH THE OA GIVEN FOR THIS OPTION."
A. farmers shooting them on sight -This is just an example.
B. the separation of Indonesia from the mainland -No
C. hunters slaughtering thousands -This is just an example
D. current human efforts to save them -No
E. the cumulative effect of many past human activities -Yes its the human activities. Maybe for centuries farmers killed a million of rhinos. And later with much more advanced weaponry the poachers killed a 999,999 (that is still thousands). No concrete reason is given for any particular activity to become the winner





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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 21:23
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For anyone interested in reading the source article to improve RC

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/11/science/11rhin.html
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2018, 08:21
Why is Option E of question 6 incorrect please help?
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2018, 12:14
XavierAlexander wrote:
For all those who're confused b\w choices B and D in Q2, here's a simple, accurate and GMAT way of eliminating the wrong one:-

Pointless” and “Doomed” are extreme words (i.e. there's 0% chance of any revival), and thus should be avoided in RC answers if not explicitly mentioned or supported.

In the mentioned passage author has no where mentioned about the absolute surety or guarantee of Indonesian rhino's extinction by human's benevolence. Instead, author has used the word "may" many times.


Thanks to Ron, Manhattan Prep, for the insight.


Hi VeritasPrepKarishma This is an example of what I was taught to avoid during my gmat prep.

The passage says the following: Now, human efforts to save them may well prove futile. The Vietnamese herd is probably doomed, as too few remain to maintain the necessary genetic variation.

Although the words are strong/extreme, I chose answer b in question 2 because I thought it described the author's feelings accurately. Can you shed some light? Usually, I'm able to narrow down my answer selection to two choices but I'm not sure how answer d can be correct here. The question specifically asks for the author's attitude towards current human effort but I believe answer d points to the current situation but I can't infer from the following statement in the passage that this was done on purpose.

Ironically, however, the lack of human disturbance allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation the animals prefer.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2018, 22:41
hdavies wrote:
XavierAlexander wrote:
For all those who're confused b\w choices B and D in Q2, here's a simple, accurate and GMAT way of eliminating the wrong one:-

Pointless” and “Doomed” are extreme words (i.e. there's 0% chance of any revival), and thus should be avoided in RC answers if not explicitly mentioned or supported.

In the mentioned passage author has no where mentioned about the absolute surety or guarantee of Indonesian rhino's extinction by human's benevolence. Instead, author has used the word "may" many times.


Thanks to Ron, Manhattan Prep, for the insight.


Hi VeritasPrepKarishma This is an example of what I was taught to avoid during my gmat prep.

The passage says the following: Now, human efforts to save them may well prove futile. The Vietnamese herd is probably doomed, as too few remain to maintain the necessary genetic variation.

Although the words are strong/extreme, I chose answer b in question 2 because I thought it described the author's feelings accurately. Can you shed some light? Usually, I'm able to narrow down my answer selection to two choices but I'm not sure how answer d can be correct here. The question specifically asks for the author's attitude towards current human effort but I believe answer d points to the current situation but I can't infer from the following statement in the passage that this was done on purpose.

Ironically, however, the lack of human disturbance allows mature forests to replace the shrubby vegetation the animals prefer.



Note that there are 2 habitats for Javan rhinos - a dozen in Vietnam and a 100 in Indonesia.
The author seems to have given up on those in Vietnam since they don't have the genetic diversity but he certainly has not given up on those in Indonesia. He says that they do have the genetic diversity. The problem is that since their habitat is untouched by humans, the shrubby they prefer is getting replaced. So perhaps, for once, human intervention will help them survive (usually, human intervention is what causes extinctions and hence this is ironic)
Hence problematic and ironic is the perfect description of how he feels.
He does feel that the Vietnam ones are doomed but not so for the Indonesia ones so (B) would not be correct.
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Re: Measuring more than five feet tall and ten feet long, the Ja &nbs [#permalink] 23 Mar 2018, 22:41

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