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More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the

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More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 01:16
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More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the main technique for measuring the quality of scientific research. This technique involves a yearly scanning of scientific journals to count the number of references to a researcher’s work. Although academic institutions want to encourage good research, use of citation analysis actually works against this goal since scientists seeking to maximize citation counts will avoid multiyear projects in favor of short-term projects in faddish areas.

Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest support for the argument?

(A) In general scientific research is not referred to in journals until the research is completed.
(B) Areas of science that are faddish at some point are not necessarily lacking in significance.
(C) Research that is initially criticized in scientific journals sometimes turns out to be groundbreaking work.
(D) Scientists are sometimes hostile to interim assessments of ongoing research since such assessments might threaten the continuity of funding.
(E) Scientists often cite their colleagues’ work when they think it is unfairly neglected by the scientific establishment.

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Re: More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 09:21
Gladiator59 wrote:
More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the main technique for measuring the quality of scientific research. This technique involves a yearly scanning of scientific journals to count the number of references to a researcher’s work. Although academic institutions want to encourage good research, use of citation analysis actually works against this goal since scientists seeking to maximize citation counts will avoid multiyear projects in favor of short-term projects in faddish areas.

Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest support for the argument?

(A) In general scientific research is not referred to in journals until the research is completed.
(B) Areas of science that are faddish at some point are not necessarily lacking in significance.
(C) Research that is initially criticized in scientific journals sometimes turns out to be groundbreaking work.
(D) Scientists are sometimes hostile to interim assessments of ongoing research since such assessments might threaten the continuity of funding.
(E) Scientists often cite their colleagues’ work when they think it is unfairly neglected by the scientific establishment.


ANSWER A. Provides a reason for the scientists to focus on short term projects.
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Re: More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 09:23
Conc: Citing analysis is bad for quality of research because researchers look for shorter span projects.
Prethinking: shorter ones are not quality work.
Strengthener: something that links short span to bad quality.

(A) In general scientific research is not referred to in journals until the research is completed.
(B) Areas of science that are faddish at some point are not necessarily lacking in significance. ---> Some sciences like theology astronomy whatever whatever, tend to become significant later on in future. Irrelevant to our conclusion. This has got nothing to do about short span reasearches and their poor quality.
(C) Research that is initially criticized in scientific journals sometimes turns out to be groundbreaking work. Similar to B OUT
(D) Scientists are sometimes hostile to interim assessments of ongoing research since such assessments might threaten the continuity of funding. Who cares what researchers think of interruption in their work. OUT
(E) Scientists often cite their colleagues’ work when they think it is unfairly neglected by the scientific establishment. Colleague's work is irrlevant to conc.

Takeaway: Keep conclusion in mind. Spent around a minute to grasp the passage itself. Doe not really hirt to spend time with the passage, I feel.
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Re: More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 21:47
Can anyone help with this? I can understand why option B, C, D and E is wrong. But I am not sure what makes A correct.
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Re: More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 23:51
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souvikgmat1990 wrote:
Can anyone help with this? I can understand why option B, C, D and E is wrong. But I am not sure what makes A correct.


Hey souvikgmat1990

Argument states that
- Citation analysis is a method involving counting the no.of citations/references to an author's work in journals.
- The above method is used by institutions to measure the quality of research papers.
- However, quantity does not equal to quality as scientists will concentrate on short term research over long term ones to increase the citations of their works.

A - In general scientific research is not referred to in journals until the research is completed.

Only when a research is completed, it is referred in journals. So to increase the research/no.of citations in journals, there's a chance that scientists will choose to complete multiple short term projects over long term ones. So this argument strengthens author's claim. Hope the post helps.

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Re: More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2019, 06:53
More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the main technique for measuring the quality of scientific research. This technique involves a yearly scanning of scientific journals to count the number of references to a researcher’s work. Although academic institutions want to encourage good research, use of citation analysis actually works against this goal since scientists seeking to maximize citation counts will avoid multiyear projects in favor of short-term projects in faddish areas.

Type- strengthen
Boil it down- citation analysis leads to bad research
Premise- Increase in usage of citation analysis to measure the quality of research

(A) In general scientific research is not referred to in journals until the research is completed. - Correct - If there's no way to get cited until you finish your research, then you definitely can't get a high CA by engaging in really long-term projects.
(B) Areas of science that are faddish at some point are not necessarily lacking in significance. - Incorrect - This relates to the idea that the faddish work can be significant. But we would already have assumed that to be true. The bigger issue is that we're incentivizing short-term work.
(C) Research that is initially criticized in scientific journals sometimes turns out to be groundbreaking work. - Irrelevant
(D) Scientists are sometimes hostile to interim assessments of ongoing research since such assessments might threaten the continuity of funding. - we don't actually know yet if the "interim assessments" in question would allow a piece of research to be cited. Compare to answer choice (A), where it directly says "referred to in journals." These interim assessments might not have anything to do with journals, in which case this answer would be completely irrelevant.
(E) Scientists often cite their colleagues’ work when they think it is unfairly neglected by the scientific establishment. - Incorrect - another reason why the use of citation analysis might be bad

Answer A
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Re: More and more academic institutions are using citation analysis as the   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2019, 06:53
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