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Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer

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Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2015, 02:34
3
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (00:54) correct 18% (01:10) wrong based on 310 sessions

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Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer than 7 consecutive days. While some people might be able to safely use a particular pain reliever for a longer period of time, many people will begin to experience side effects if the warnings are ignored.

The information above most strongly supports which of the following?

(A) A physician should not advise any patient to take any pain reliever for a period of longer than 7 consecutive days.

(B) People who are sensitive to one type of pain reliever should not attempt to use a different pain reliever.

(C) At least some people who take pain relievers for longer than 7 days will experience side effects.

(D) Any side effects experienced by a patient who has taken a pain reliever for fewer than 7 consecutive days cannot be the result of the pain reliever.

(E) Anyone who wants to maximize their natural health and well-being should avoid pain relievers entirely.

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Re: Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2017, 01:58
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Gnpth wrote:
Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer than 7 consecutive days. While some people might be able to safely use a particular pain reliever for a longer period of time, many people will begin to experience side effects if the warnings are ignored.

The information above most strongly supports which of the following?

(A) A physician should not advise any patient to take any pain reliever for a period of longer than 7 consecutive days.

(B) People who are sensitive to one type of pain reliever should not attempt to use a different pain reliever.

(C) At least some people who take pain relievers for longer than 7 days will experience side effects.

(D) Any side effects experienced by a patient who has taken a pain reliever for fewer than 7 consecutive days cannot be the result of the pain reliever.

(E) Anyone who wants to maximize their natural health and well-being should avoid pain relievers entirely.


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


Solution: C

This is an Inference question. In isolation, the phrase in the question stem, “most strongly supports”, could hint at either a Strengthen question or an Inference question. However, when we take the stem in its entirety, the structure of the problem begins to unfold. Remember: premises always support conclusions. Thus, if the information in the answer choices supports the argument above, the answer choices must be premises and the conclusion is found in the argument (leading us to believe the problem is a Strengthen question.) On the other hand, if the information in the body of the question supports the answer choices below, the argument’s conclusion must be found in the answer choices (leading us to believe the problem is an Inference question.) Since the question stem indicates that the information “above” is supporting answer choices below, the answer choices must be potential conclusions. This must be an Inference question.

Two primary insights can be gleaned reading the body of the question. First, since we are looking at an Inference question, our first line of defense is the “no new information” filter. Remember that valid conclusions must always (not just sometimes) be true, and therefore must be based entirely on the information found in the premises. Conclusions containing new information not found anywhere in the argument may or may not be true. The second insight is closely linked to the first. Throughout the entire body of the question, a lot of fuzzy, non-specific words are used: “most pain relievers”, “some people”, and “many people.” They describe subgroups of the total, and are very nebulous, especially when you contrast such phrases with “all pain relievers” or “all people.” Therefore, valid conclusions that go beyond these vague categorizations may or may not be true. Believing you can conclude something about “all people” when you only know about “some people” is a logical error known as overgeneralization. Once we recognize this trick of the Testmaker, it becomes relatively easy to spot many of the wrong answer choices.

Answer choice “A” is a classic example of overgeneralization. Notice how this conclusion focuses on “any patient” taking “any pain reliever.” The body of the question only tells us about “most people” and “most pain relievers”. This conclusion goes beyond what we know, and therefore is not necessarily true.

Answer choice “B” includes new information not contained in the body of the question. The evidence in the top part of the question contains nothing about people being “sensitive” to one type of pain reliever. Therefore, we cannot make a conclusion about something we don’t have information on. Answer choice “B” is not necessarily true.

Answer choice “C” contains no new information, and remains within the fuzzy scope of the original statements. The body of the question tells us that “many people” who take painkillers for longer than 7 days experience side effects. The conclusion that “at least some people” will experience side effects is well within the information given. “C” is basically a restate of information already given, so we can clearly conclude it must be true. “C” is the right answer.

The conclusion in answer choice “D” also uses extreme scope limiters not justified by the original evidence. It refers to “any side effects” that “cannot” be the result of pain relievers. This goes well beyond the scope. The problem only tells us about side effects caused by a subset of pain relievers. It makes no mention of side effects not caused by pain relievers. Answer choice “D” fails the “no new information” filter. We cannot make a conclusion about something we don’t have information on. Answer choice “D” is not necessarily true.

Answer choice “E” contains all sorts of new information not contained in the original evidence. The body of the question makes no mention on how to “maximize your natural health and well-being”, nor does it give us any criteria for when we should avoid pain relievers. (For example, could it be possible that the advantages of taking pain relievers could outweigh the side effects, even if we had to deal with these negative consequences?) “E” cannot be a valid conclusion.
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Most pain relievers come with warnings [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 31 Aug 2017, 18:14
Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer than 7
consecutive days. While some people might be able to safely use a particular
pain reliever for a longer period of time, many people will begin to experience
side effects if the warnings are ignored.
The information above most strongly supports which of the following?
(A) A physician should not advise any patient to take any pain reliever for
a period of longer than 7 consecutive days.
(B) People who are sensitive to one type of pain reliever should not
attempt to use a different pain reliever.
(C) At least some people who take pain relievers for longer than 7 days will
experience side effects.
(D) Any side effects experienced by a patient who has taken a pain reliever
for fewer than 7 consecutive days cannot be the result of the pain
reliever.
(E) Anyone who wants to maximize their natural health and well-being
should avoid pain relievers entirely.
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Originally posted by daboo343 on 31 Aug 2017, 10:01.
Last edited by broall on 31 Aug 2017, 18:14, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Most pain relievers come with warnings [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2017, 10:18
The line 'While some people might be able to safely use..'
Suggest that atleast few suffer the side effects of prolonged use
Answer :C
Rest options are out of scope

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Re: Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 00:27
hazelnut

Excellent explanation. Can't believe that I got this sitter wrong.
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Re: Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2018, 09:21
C is the only logical answer here..

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Re: Most pain relievers come with warnings against continuous use longer   [#permalink] 25 May 2018, 09:21
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