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Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally

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Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally translated a number of Latin texts into Old English. One historian contends that Alfred also personally penned his own law code, arguing that the numerous differences between the language of the law code and Alfred's translation of Latin texts are outweighed by the even more numerous similarities. Linguistic similarities, however, are what one expects in texts from the same language, the same time, and the same region. Apart from Alfred's surviving translation and law code, there are only two other extant works from the same dialect and milieu, so it is risky to assume here that linguistic similarities point to common authorship.

The passage above proceeds by

(A) Providing examples that underscore another argument's conclusion.

(B) questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends.

(c) showing that a principle if generally applied would have anomalous consequences.

(D) showing that the premises of another argument are mutually inconsistent.

(E) using argument by analogy to undermine a principle implicit in another argument.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 08 Oct 2017, 17:59, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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(A) Providing examples that underscore another argument's conclusion. - Incorrect. Examples are not provided

(B) questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends. - Correct

(c) showing that a principle if generally applied would have anomalous consequences. - Incorrect.

(D) showing that the premises of another argument are mutually inconsistent. - Incorrect

(E) using argument by analogy to undermine a principle implicit in another argument. - Incorrect - The passage does not make a comparison based on analogy.

Answer: B

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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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AJ1012 wrote:
Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally translated a number of Latin texts into Old English. One historian contends that Alfred also personally penned his own law code, arguing that the numerous differences between the language of the law code and Alfred's translation of Latin texts are overweighted by the even more numerous similarities. Linguistic similarities, however, are what one expects in texts from the same language, the same time, and the same region. Apart from Alfred's surviving trasnlation and law code, there are only two other extant works from the same dialect and milieu, so it is risky to assume here that linguistic similarities point to common authorship.

The passage above proceeds by :

(A) Providing examples that underscore another argument's conclusion.

(B) questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends.

(c) showing that a principle if generally applied would have anomalous consequences.

(D) showing that the premises of another argument are mutually inconsistent.

(E) using argument by analogy to undermine a principle implicit in another argument.

Not able to eliminate between B and E.


E basically uses the word "Undermine" - Strong critical word - Nowhere the argument criticizes stuff`s...All it does is to tell you "TREAD WITH CAUTION", So we can go with B
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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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Scholars' assumption : Alfred personally penned his own law code.
Reasoning that assumption is based upon : Many similarities between the law code that Alfred wrote and Alfred's translation of Latin texts.
Conclusion by the author of the stem : ] It is risky to assume that linguistic similarities point to common authorship.
Evidence supporting the conclusion : Apart from Alfred's surviving translation and law code, there are only two other extant works from the same dialect and milieu.

Basically, Author's conclusion questions the validity of Scholars' assumption.

(A) Providing examples that underscore another argument's conclusion.
It's the other way around. Argument's conclusion underscores provided examples.

(B) questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends.
Correct. Author questions the validity / plausibility of the assumption.

(c) showing that a principle if generally applied would have anomalous consequences.
Author does not discuss any consequences, only says that the assumption is risky.

(D) showing that the premises of another argument are mutually inconsistent.
Premises are consistent.

(E) using argument by analogy to undermine a principle implicit in another argument.
Author does not use any analogies.

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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2017, 07:43
A: there are no examples
B: may be, counte rpremise in the end mentions the other 2 books apart and claims about risk
C: n/a
D: it does not point to the previous premise saying it is inconsistent. It rather adds some info and questions if the 1st premise is enough
e: no analogy is used

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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2017, 02:18
B. What is meant by 'another argument depends'? What is the another argument?
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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2017, 01:49
questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends.

Not able to understand . Can expert give some idea here.

thanks

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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2017, 15:38
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Quote:
questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends.

Not able to understand . Can expert give some idea here.

One historian says that the linguistic similarities between the law code and Alfred's translations outweigh the differences. The historian thus concludes that Alfred wrote that law code. The underlying assumption in that argument is that if you compare the work of a known author (Work A) to the work of an unknown author (Work B) and the linguistic similarities between those works outweigh the differences, then Work B was most likely also written by the author of Work A. The author of this passage then states, "Linguistic similarities, however, are what one expects in texts from the same language, the same time, and the same region." In other words, the similarities can be explained by other factors (shared language/time/region), not only by shared authorship. Furthermore, because there are only two other extant works, we do not have enough evidence to rule out the possibility that the similarities are due to shared language/time/region rather than shared authorship. Thus, as indicated in choice B, the author of the passage questions the plausibility of the historian's argument.
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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 03:03
Answer choice 'B' is correct -

The passage's third and fourth sentences question the plausibility of the historian's assumption that no one but Alfred would have been likely to write a text whose language has more similarities to than differences from the language in Alfred's translations
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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2017, 19:42
"Linguistic similarities, however, are what one expects in texts from the same language, the same time, and the same region. Apart from Alfred's surviving trasnlation and law code, there are only two other extant works from the same dialect and milieu, so it is risky to assume here that linguistic similarities point to common authorship"

The above lines question the assumption made by historian. Linguistic similarities cannot be treated as the main point for common authorship. The other works also indicate the same.

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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 23:38
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
Quote:
questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends.

Not able to understand . Can expert give some idea here.

One historian says that the linguistic similarities between the law code and Alfred's translations outweigh the differences. The historian thus concludes that Alfred wrote that law code. The underlying assumption in that argument is that if you compare the work of a known author (Work A) to the work of an unknown author (Work B) and the linguistic similarities between those works outweigh the differences, then Work B was most likely also written by the author of Work A. The author of this passage then states, "Linguistic similarities, however, are what one expects in texts from the same language, the same time, and the same region." In other words, the similarities can be explained by other factors (shared language/time/region), not only by shared authorship. Furthermore, because there are only two other extant works, we do not have enough evidence to rule out the possibility that the similarities are due to shared language/time/region rather than shared authorship. Thus, as indicated in choice C, the author of the passage questions the plausibility of the historian's argument.


I also answer opted for (c) for the exactly same reason explained above. should I assume the OA is wrong?

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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 14:35
ramsahoo wrote:
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
Quote:
questioning the plausibility of an assumption on which another argument depends.

Not able to understand . Can expert give some idea here.

One historian says that the linguistic similarities between the law code and Alfred's translations outweigh the differences. The historian thus concludes that Alfred wrote that law code. The underlying assumption in that argument is that if you compare the work of a known author (Work A) to the work of an unknown author (Work B) and the linguistic similarities between those works outweigh the differences, then Work B was most likely also written by the author of Work A. The author of this passage then states, "Linguistic similarities, however, are what one expects in texts from the same language, the same time, and the same region." In other words, the similarities can be explained by other factors (shared language/time/region), not only by shared authorship. Furthermore, because there are only two other extant works, we do not have enough evidence to rule out the possibility that the similarities are due to shared language/time/region rather than shared authorship. Thus, as indicated in choice C, the author of the passage questions the plausibility of the historian's argument.


I also answer opted for (c) for the exactly same reason explained above. should I assume the OA is wrong?

My previous post explains why choice (B) is correct, but I made a typo and wrote "C". I have corrected the mistake... thanks for checking!

As for choice (C), although generalizing the assumption made by the historian might have "anomalous consequences", the author does not describe any such consequences in the passage. Thus, choice (C) does not accurately describe how the author proceeds.

Choice (B) is the correct answer.
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Re: Most scholars agree that King Alfred (A.D 849 - 899) personally   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2017, 14:35
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