GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 12 Nov 2018, 20:54

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Essential GMAT Time-Management Hacks

     November 14, 2018

     November 14, 2018

     07:00 PM PST

     08:00 PM PST

    Join the webinar and learn time-management tactics that will guarantee you answer all questions, in all sections, on time. Save your spot today! Nov. 14th at 7 PM PST
  • $450 Tuition Credit & Official CAT Packs FREE

     November 15, 2018

     November 15, 2018

     10:00 PM MST

     11:00 PM MST

    EMPOWERgmat is giving away the complete Official GMAT Exam Pack collection worth $100 with the 3 Month Pack ($299)

Never accept anything as true that you do not clearly know to be so; t

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 276
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
WE: General Management (Other)
Never accept anything as true that you do not clearly know to be so; t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2018, 21:44
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 4 sessions

25% (04:09) correct 75% (02:01) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 2 sessions

50% (00:48) correct 50% (00:43) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 3 sessions

0% (00:00) correct 100% (01:14) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Never accept anything as true that you do not clearly know to be so; that is, carefully avoid jumping to conclusions, and include nothing in judgments, other than what presents itself so clearly and distinctly to the spirit that you would never have any occasion to doubt it. Then, divide each of the difficulties being examined into as many parts as can be created and would be required to better resolve them. Order your thoughts, by starting with the simplest ideas, which are the easiest to comprehend, to advance little by little, by degrees, up to the most complex ideas, even believing that an order exists among those which do not naturally follow one another. And last, always make deductions so complete, and reviews so general, so as to be assured of omitting nothing.

When I was younger, I had studied a bit—in the field of philosophy, logic, and in the field of math, geometric analysis and algebra—the three arts or sciences that seemed as though they should contribute something to my methodological approach. But while examining these fields, I noticed that, in logic, syllogisms and the bulk of other logical theorems serve only to explain to others the things that one already knows, or even to speak without judgment of things that one doesn‘t know, rather than to teach others anything; and, although logic contains, in effect, many true and just precepts, there are yet among these so many others mixed in, which are superfluous or refutable, that it is almost sickening to separate one from the other.

As for geometric analysis and modern algebra, in addition to the fact that they don‘t treat anything except abstract ideas, which seem to be of no use whatsoever, geometry is always so restricted to the consideration of figures that it can‘t stretch the intellect without exhausting the imagination; and algebra subjects one to certain rules and numbers, so that it has become a confused and obscure art that troubles the spirit rather than a science that cultivates it.

All of this made me think that it was necessary to look for some other methodological approach which, comprising the advantages of these three,
was at the same time exempt from their defaults. And, just as the multitude of laws often provides rationalization for vice, such that any State is better ruled if, having but a few vices, it closely monitors them, thus likewise, instead of following the great number of precepts which compose logic, I thought that I would have enough with the four preceding, as long as I made a firm and constant resolution never – not even once – to neglect my adherence to them.
1. According to the passage, the author gave up the study of logic. He did so for
all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
A. he did not gain sufficient knowledge to impart his learning to others.
B. he was unable to separate valid logical theories from those which
seemed invalid.
C. he could not understand the rational methodology upon which logic is
based.
D. he did not learn anything new from his philosophical and analytical
studies.
E. he found it very difficult to distinguish between accurate and superfluous
precepts

2. According to the passage, which of the following statements are true about
geometry?
I. Geometric analysis is not useful for a logical methodology.
II. Geometry focuses too narrowly on shapes and lines.
III. Geometry is largely visual, so comprehension requires both intellect and
imagination.
A. II only
B. I and II
C. I, II, and III
D. III only
E. None of the above

3. The author would be LEAST likely to agree with which of the following
statements?
A. Logic is an inappropriate field of research for young scholars.
B. A scholar should always treat the subject of his or her study in its
entirety.
C. Orderly study is based on the principle that a whole is the sum of its
parts.
D. Teaching is one of the motivations for studying abstract ideas and
theories.
E. Geometric analysis almost entirely concerns itself with the treatment of
abstract ideas


_________________

Hit the the kudos button if you like the post



Thanks

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 276
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
WE: General Management (Other)
Re: Never accept anything as true that you do not clearly know to be so; t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2018, 21:48

Topic and Scope - The development of a particular method of thought.


Mapping the Passage


¶1 discusses the four principles of thought: don‘t accept anything as true unless it‘s
known to be so, divide difficulties into individual parts that can be resolved, build
ideas from simplest to most complex and make deductions complete so that nothing is
left out.
¶s2 and 3 discuss the author‘s background and problems with logic.
¶4 discusses the author‘s problems with geometric analysis and algebra.
¶5 discusses the author‘s desire to find a new way of thinking and mentions four
principles of thought.
_________________

Hit the the kudos button if you like the post



Thanks

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 05 Feb 2018
Posts: 276
Location: India
Concentration: Finance
GPA: 2.77
WE: General Management (Other)
Never accept anything as true that you do not clearly know to be so; t  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2018, 21:50

Answers and Explanations


1)

Remember that ―According to the passage...‖ will almost always signal a detail
question. Use your map to predict where the details will likely be. Go back to ¶s2
and 3 to review the author‘s reasons for abandoning logic. Three answer choices
are details in this first paragraph, but (C) isn‘t supported: There‘s no evidence that
the author didn‘t understand logic.
(A): Opposite. This follows from the author‘s argument that logic serves ―only to
explain to others the things that one already knows.‖
(B): Opposite. This is a paraphrase of the last lines in paragraph three.
(C): The correct answer
(D): Opposite. This also follows from the author‘s argument that logic only explains
what one already knows.
(E): Opposite. Same as D.

2)

Another detail question. Focus your work in this question on ¶4, where geometry is
discussed. First tackle RN II, which appears in three choices. The author argues
that geometry is ―so restricted to the consideration of figures‖ that it ends up being
limited. RN II paraphrases this, eliminate (D).RN I states that geometric analysis
isn‘t useful for logical analysis. The author argues that geometry not only deals too
much with figures, but also doesn‘t ―treat anything except abstract ideas, which
seem to be of no use whatsoever,‖ suggesting that it‘s not useful for logic. RN III,
however, contradicts the author‘s point that geometry stretches the intellect at the
expense of the imagination. (B) catches the legitimate statements.
(A): Opposite. As described above.
(B): The correct answer
(C): Opposite. As above.
(D): Opposite. As above.
(E): Opposite. As above.

3)

Since you have no information in the question to narrow your focus, you can be
reasonably sure that the right answer will be something with which the author
generally disagrees. The shortcomings of the old systems and the four precepts
make up the meat of the passage, so look for something that conflicts with the
author‘s negative view of traditional methods of thought and his positive view of his
own precepts. (B) does the latter. The second precept argues that difficulties
should be broken up into many small pieces that can be individually evaluated; (B)
argues that subjects should never be broken up. The author would clearly disagree.
(A): Opposite. This follows from the author‘s argument in ¶3 that logic isn‘t
particularly useful.
(B): The correct answer
(C): Opposite. This is simply the opposite of the correct answer choice. The author
would agree that it‘s possible to understand a big problem by breaking it
down in to smaller problems.
(D): Opposite. The author argues in ¶3 that logical theorems ―serve only to explain
to others the things that one already knows...‖ which suggests that the
author is concerned with teaching abstract ideas in addition to simply learning
them.
(E): This can be inferred from the passage.
Strategy Point:
In questions that ask you to find a statement with which author disagrees, it is
often much faster to find a choice that conflicts with the main points than to
eliminate the three choices with which he would agree.

_________________

Hit the the kudos button if you like the post



Thanks

GMAT Club Bot
Never accept anything as true that you do not clearly know to be so; t &nbs [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 21:50
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Never accept anything as true that you do not clearly know to be so; t

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.