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New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some

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New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 01:53
1
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:54) correct 32% (02:15) wrong based on 184 sessions

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New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some 4,000 years ago was caused by environmental catastrophe rather than internal social upheaval. Ocean sediments reveal a period of global cooling at the time, a condition generally associated with extended droughts. There were, no doubt, serious social problems in Egypt at the time, but they resulted from a severe dry spell.

Which one of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

(A) Historically, most civilizations have succumbed to internal strife rather than external factors.
(B) The social problems in Egypt’s old kingdom at the time of its collapse were serious enough to have caused the collapse.
(C) At the time of the collapse of the old kingdom, several isolated but well-established civilizations near Egypt underwent sudden declines.
(D) Egyptian records recovered from the time of the collapse explicitly refer to the deteriorating conditions of the society.
(E) Shortly after the collapse of the old kingdom, Egypt was thrust into a civil war that lasted most of the next two centuries.

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Re: New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 09:27
IMO the answer will be C

As other kingdom who were not victims of social strife also registered decline . So the reason behind such a catastrophe can be accorded due to aforementioned climate catastrophe as mentioned in the text.
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Re: New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 11:41
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Yep.C it is.Missed the option on first reading.

Well established but still lead to decline = Severe dry spell responsible.
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Re: New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2019, 07:11
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New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some 4,000 years ago was caused by environmental catastrophe rather than internal social upheaval. Ocean sediments reveal a period of global cooling at the time, a condition generally associated with extended droughts. There were, no doubt, serious social problems in Egypt at the time, but they resulted from a severe dry spell.

Type-strengthen
Boil it down- the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom was caused by environmental catastrophe rather than internal social upheaval

(A) Historically, most civilizations have succumbed to internal strife rather than external factors.- incorrect - mild weakener
(B) The social problems in Egypt’s old kingdom at the time of its collapse were serious enough to have caused the collapse. - weakens
(C) At the time of the collapse of the old kingdom, several isolated but well-established civilizations near Egypt underwent sudden declines. - Correct - this strengthens the correlation stated in the premise.
We initially knew that these environmental issues were occurring at the same time as the collapse, as were the social issues, but now we know that other isolated places declined during the same time.
(D) Egyptian records recovered from the time of the collapse explicitly refer to the deteriorating conditions of the society. - irrelevant- this restates what already has been stated
(E) Shortly after the collapse of the old kingdom, Egypt was thrust into a civil war that lasted most of the next two centuries. - incorrect - mild weakener

Answer C
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Re: New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2019, 08:48
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Gladiator59 wrote:
New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some 4,000 years ago was caused by environmental catastrophe rather than internal social upheaval. Ocean sediments reveal a period of global cooling at the time, a condition generally associated with extended droughts. There were, no doubt, serious social problems in Egypt at the time, but they resulted from a severe dry spell.

Which one of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument?

(A) Historically, most civilizations have succumbed to internal strife rather than external factors.
(B) The social problems in Egypt’s old kingdom at the time of its collapse were serious enough to have caused the collapse.
(C) At the time of the collapse of the old kingdom, several isolated but well-established civilizations near Egypt underwent sudden declines.
(D) Egyptian records recovered from the time of the collapse explicitly refer to the deteriorating conditions of the society.
(E) Shortly after the collapse of the old kingdom, Egypt was thrust into a civil war that lasted most of the next two centuries.


Our Goal is to Strengthen the highlighted part of the stimulus , all of the options (Highlighted part in Red) discusses anything other than the Environmental Factors, hence Correct Answer must be (C)
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Re: New evidence suggests that the collapse of Egypt’s old kingdom some   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2019, 08:48
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