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On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed

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On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks.

(A) On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow
(B) On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are, it is believed, the rate of tree growth
(C) On Earth, the rate at which trees grow is believed to be among the surest indications of sunspot cycles
(D) Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles, believed to be the tree growth rate
(E) Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is believed to be the rate at which trees grow
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2007, 08:52
Answer is E.

When the answer E is rearranged as below
the rate at which trees grow is believed to be among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles makes sense.

What is OA?

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2008, 05:06
Nihit wrote:
. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks.

A. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow
B. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are, it is believed, the rate of tree growth
C. On Earth, the rate at which trees grow is believed to be among the surest indications of sunspot cycles
D. Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles, believed to be the tree growth rate
E. Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is believed to be the rate at which trees grow

IMO C.

Confused between E & C. But picked up C because when I asked the question that "what is seen in their trunks?", the answer I got was indications of sun spot cycles. So the modifier must be placed closest to the word that it modifes. Also C corrects the subject verb agreement problem that A poses.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2008, 05:20
OA is not C

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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Nihit wrote:
OA is not C


Ok I've cracked it. Answer is E. My logic was right but I comitted a mistake. The last phrase doesnt modify indications but it modifies the rate of growth. So C is ruled out & hence E wins.

For further clarification try to rephrase the sentence as:

The rate at which trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks, is believed to be among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles.

This tells us why E is right.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2008, 07:06
E for me. We need "is", not "are", because we have "the rate", and we need also tree before the comma.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2008, 18:30
Does C has following error: believed to be among the surest ? is this proper grammar usage?

more over if we construct sentence as per C then second part will miss match

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2008, 13:38
amitdgr wrote:
What is wrong in C ??


last not underlined part modifies the rate of growth so "rate of growth" part of the underlined part should be as close as possible to the last part......

hope it is clear enough....

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2008, 16:44
another issue with C is the use of "their" in later half of the sentence which actually should refer to trees , as in E

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2008, 18:17
Isn't this a case which subject and verb are reversed?

so, if rewrite, as jatinrai stated, "The rate at which trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks, is believed to be among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles."

I don't think "among the surest indications on Earth..." can be subject.

so, E should be the right answer. What is OA?

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2008, 18:31
I would go with E, 'the rate at which' is singular......therefore 'is believed to be ' would be correct in the sentence.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks.

A. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow
B. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are, it is believed, the rate of tree growth
C. On Earth, the rate at which trees grow is believed to be among the surest indications of sunspot cycles
D. Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles, believed to be the tree growth rate
E. Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is believed to be the rate at which trees grow

Guys, besides answering this question, could you also comment on what is "as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks" referring to? seen what?

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2009, 00:09
The rate discussed in the question is singular and it is one among the many indications that are availabe on the earth.
Hence we eliminate A.
In B 'are' makes no sense.
In D 'indications' are wrongly referred to as "tree growth rate"( modifier problem). Also "Earth of sunspot cycles" makes no sense. It should be "On earth....indications of sunspot cycles...".
E again has same error as discussed. SO D is right and it also addresses all the above issues.

Now to answer your question 'as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks", phrase refers to indications as is evident. And if you notice to address the modifier problem, C rightly uses the above phrase immediately after "among the surest indications of sunspot cycles".......

SO the take away is that "modifiers as close as possible to the words/subject they modify".. I guess it will clear your doubt..
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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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59. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks.

A. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow
B. On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are, it is believed, the rate of tree growth
C. On Earth, the rate at which trees grow is believed to be among the surest indications of sunspot cycles
D. Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles, believed to be the tree growth rate
E. Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is believed to be the rate at which trees grow
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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2009, 10:16
it is C, rest all wordy or contain run-on sentences
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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow, as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks.

(A) On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed to be the rate that trees grow

(B) On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are, it is believed, the rate of tree growth

(C) On Earth, the rate at which trees grow is believed to be among the surest indications of sunspot cycles

(D) Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles, believed to be the tree growth rate

(E) Among the surest indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is believed to be the rate at which trees grow

Last edited by hazelnut on 08 Aug 2017, 04:56, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2009, 23:49
I would say C.

I guess this sentence represents a case of misplaced modifiers.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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I'm going with E in this one.

A and B present subject-verb agreement problems. They also distort the intended meaning of the sentence.
I think that the problem with C is that "as seen in the rings visible in the cross sections of their trunks" should modify the rate at which trees grow rather than sunspot cycles.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2009, 23:23
I agree that indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is not a good construction, it should read indications of sunspot cycles on Earth. But in C, I think, as seen in the rings visible .. incorrectly modifies sunspot cycles.

What's the source of the question?

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2009, 01:14
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
I agree that indications on Earth of sunspot cycles is not a good construction, it should read indications of sunspot cycles on Earth. But in C, I think, as seen in the rings visible .. incorrectly modifies sunspot cycles.

What's the source of the question?


From Brutual SCs..

Yes i agree that 'as seen..' seems to modifiy 'cycles' or even 'rate of growth'... so C's construction is not flawless.

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Re: On Earth, among the surest indications of sunspot cycles are believed   [#permalink] 11 Sep 2009, 01:14

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