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Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s

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Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2017, 10:44
1
4
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (02:15) correct 64% (02:06) wrong based on 252 sessions

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Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s central business district have increased, and the Shemerton Transportation Authority has improved Shemerton’s public transportation system, by adding bus routes and by increasing the number of trains that run per hour. Surprisingly, however, the number of people using public transportation to travel to and around Shemerton has decreased over the same period of time.

Which of the following does the most to explain the surprising trend in public transportation use in the Shemerton area?

A. The new bus routes were added in areas in and around Shemerton in which the population densities are relatively low.

B. Many people who live in the Shemerton area do not consider the cost savings achieved via using public transportation worth the hassles of using public transportation.

C. In the Shemerton area, people’s ability to afford to purchase and maintain automobiles was hampered by an economic recession that ended three years ago.

D. The price of fuel for automobiles has not increased significantly over the past three years in Shemerton.

E. While the number of trains that run per hour in Shemerton was increased over the past three years, the routes traveled and the stops made by trains were not changed.


Source: TTP Beta Testing

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Re: Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2017, 00:08
MartyMurray wrote:
Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s central business district have increased, and the Shemerton Transportation Authority has improved Shemerton’s public transportation system, by adding bus routes and by increasing the number of trains that run per hour. Surprisingly, however, the number of people using public transportation to travel to and around Shemerton has decreased over the same period of time.

Which of the following does the most to explain the surprising trend in public transportation use in the Shemerton area?

A. The new bus routes were added in areas in and around Shemerton in which the population densities are relatively low.

B. Many people who live in the Shemerton area do not consider the cost savings achieved via using public transportation worth the hassles of using public transportation.:Well, if people do not care about the cost savings, then regardless of the parking fee increase, they will not take public transport. Looks good

C. In the Shemerton area, people’s ability to afford to purchase and maintain automobiles was hampered by an economic recession that ended three years ago.We do not know for sure what the actions of the people were in this case

D. The price of fuel for automobiles has not increased significantly over the past three years in Shemerton.

E. While the number of trains that run per hour in Shemerton was increased over the past three years, the routes traveled and the stops made by trains were not changed.


Source: TTP Beta Testing



C can't be the answer. B should be the answer
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Re: Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2017, 00:13
Extremely hard question

C could be an answer

But It is too vague to be an answer.
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Re: Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2017, 15:18
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imyuva wrote:
Please explain why C over B.


The passage discusses a change that has occurred. Over the course of three years, the use of public transportation in Shemerton has decreased.

The question asks for the information that most helps to explain what underlies that change.

Let's consider B first.

B. Many people who live in the Shemerton area do not consider the cost savings achieved via using public transportation worth the hassles of using public transportation.

Does B mention something that would explain a change? Not really. In saying that many people don't find the cost savings achieved via using public transportation worth the hassle, B might explain why the use of public transportation did not increase, or B might explain why not everyone uses public transportation in Shemerton. So, B explains the LEVEL of use of public transportation, but B does not explain the DECREASE in use over the past three years.

We need a choice that explains why things changed.

Now let's consider C.

C. In the Shemerton area, people’s ability to afford to purchase and maintain automobiles was hampered by an economic recession that ended three years ago.

C mentions something that changed three years ago. Three years ago the recession that was hampering people's ability to afford the purchase or maintenance of automobiles ended. It makes sense that once that recession ended, people's ability to purchase and maintain automobiles would have increased. While it is not clear that as a result people began to use automobiles more than they had during the recession, this choice does describe a change that occurred three years ago that could underlie the decrease in use of public transportation.

Therefore, the best answer is C.
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Re: Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2018, 17:01
MartyMurray wrote:
Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s central business district have increased, and the Shemerton Transportation Authority has improved Shemerton’s public transportation system, by adding bus routes and by increasing the number of trains that run per hour. Surprisingly, however, the number of people using public transportation to travel to and around Shemerton has decreased over the same period of time.

Which of the following does the most to explain the surprising trend in public transportation use in the Shemerton area?

A. The new bus routes were added in areas in and around Shemerton in which the population densities are relatively low.

B. Many people who live in the Shemerton area do not consider the cost savings achieved via using public transportation worth the hassles of using public transportation.

C. In the Shemerton area, people’s ability to afford to purchase and maintain automobiles was hampered by an economic recession that ended three years ago.

D. The price of fuel for automobiles has not increased significantly over the past three years in Shemerton.

E. While the number of trains that run per hour in Shemerton was increased over the past three years, the routes traveled and the stops made by trains were not changed.


Source: TTP Beta Testing



Dear MartyMurray

Why A is wrong? This could help explain that the new routs serves low population and hence decreased the number of passengers.

Could you help please?
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New post 09 Mar 2018, 18:01
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Mo2men wrote:
Why A is wrong? This could help explain that the new routs serves low population and hence decreased the number of passengers.

Could you help please?

The question: Which of the following does the most to explain the surprising trend in public transportation use in the Shemerton area?

The "surprising trend" is a decrease in the number of people using public transportation in Shemerton.

So, in order to correctly answer the question, we need a choice that describes a factor that could result in a decrease in the number people using public transportation.

Now, let's carefully consider choice A.

A. The new bus routes were added in areas in and around Shemerton in which the population densities are relatively low.

What we now have to ask ourselves is whether adding new bus routes would cause a decrease.

The answer, is NO.

Adding new bus routes would have only have two possible results.

It would MAKE NO DIFFERENCE in the number of people using public transportation, or it would RESULT IN AN INCREASE in the number of people using public transportation.

Adding new routes would not cause a decrease in the number of people using public transportation, even if the routes were in areas in which the population densities were relatively low. The buses travelling on those routes may not have many riders, but, as long as they have some riders, adding those routes would result in an increase in the number of people using public transportation in Shemerton.

So, why does A seem correct?

A is a trap answer. A is written to give the impression that it could explain the decrease in the number of people using public transportation. A test-taker can notice that A says that the new bus routes are in areas in which the population densities are relatively low, decide that the buses travelling on those routes won't have many passengers, and go from that conclusion to deciding that adding the new routes could cause the entire system to have few passengers.

However, that train of thought is not logical, as having few passengers on the new routes does not somehow cause the rest of the system to lose passengers, and so, A is not really a correct answer.

A key to getting CR questions right is avoiding falling for the false logic of trap answers.
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Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2018, 01:41
MartyMurray wrote:
The question: Which of the following does the most to explain the surprising trend in public transportation use in the Shemerton area?

The "surprising trend" is a decrease in the number of people using public transportation in Shemerton.

So, in order to correctly answer the question, we need a choice that describes a factor that could result in a decrease in the number people using public transportation.

Now, let's carefully consider choice A.

A. The new bus routes were added in areas in and around Shemerton in which the population densities are relatively low.

What we now have to ask ourselves is whether adding new bus routes would cause a decrease.

The answer, is NO.

Adding new bus routes would have only have two possible results.

It would MAKE NO DIFFERENCE in the number of people using public transportation, or it would RESULT IN AN INCREASE in the number of people using public transportation.

Adding new routes would not cause a decrease in the number of people using public transportation, even if the routes were in areas in which the population densities were relatively low. The buses travelling on those routes may not have many riders, but, as long as they have some riders, adding those routes would result in an increase in the number of people using public transportation in Shemerton.

So, why does A seem correct?

A is a trap answer. A is written to give the impression that it could explain the decrease in the number of people using public transportation. A test-taker can notice that A says that the new bus routes are in areas in which the population densities are relatively low, decide that the buses travelling on those routes won't have many passengers, and go from that conclusion to deciding that adding the new routes could cause the entire system to have few passengers.

However, that train of thought is not logical, as having few passengers on the new routes does not somehow cause the rest of the system to lose passengers, and so, A is not really a correct answer.

A key to getting CR questions right is avoiding falling for the false logic of trap answers.



Thanks Marty for the high quality question and the thorough explanation. :thumbup:

But just a question: Do you plan to launch those questions that you post in combination with a TTP verbal course? I saw TTP beta for a while.
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Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2018, 13:16
Mo2men wrote:
Thanks Marty for the high quality question and the thorough explanation. :thumbup:

But just a question: Do you plan to launch those questions that you post in combination with a TTP verbal course? I saw TTP beta for a while.

Yes, most of those questions, or versions of them, are going to be in the new verbal portion of TTP.
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Re: Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2018, 11:04
C is clearly the answer, but I did not choose C b/ I only read half of the option choice.
At the same time, I know that all other options are wrong.
B is just the general opinion of people while A does not help to explain the situation.
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Re: Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s &nbs [#permalink] 13 Mar 2018, 11:04
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Over the past three years, fees for parking automobiles in Shemerton’s

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