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QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide

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QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 01:13
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 270: Sentence Correction


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Once numbering in the millions worldwide, it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.

(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

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QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 01:13
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In one of our recent YouTube live videos, we spent a little bit of time discussing a totally unsexy idea: if you miss the important stuff in the NON-underlined portion of the sentence, you can get yourself into trouble on SC. And in this question, the word “them” should jump off the page at you, even though it's not underlined. It’s a sure sign that “wolves” needs to be plural.

With that in mind…

Quote:
(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Well, “wolf” is singular in (A), and that’s a pretty big problem. The opening modifier (“once numbering in the millions worldwide”) also needs to be followed with something that actually “numbered” in the millions – so we need “wolves” to follow the comma.

So we have two great reasons to eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(B) has one of the same problems as (A): “them” (in the non-underlined portion of the sentence) can’t logically refer to “the wolf.”

And that’s enough to eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

And yet again: “them” is plural, but “the wolf” is singular. I’ll have more to say about the phrase declined to an estimate of 200,000” in a moment.

But for now, we can ditch (C).

(D) and (E) are the only two answer choices that correctly use the plural form of “wolves”, so let’s line these two up side-by-side:
Quote:
(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately
(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

There are only two differences between the two answer choices. The first difference is the big one. In (D), we have “declined to an estimate of 200,000”, and it doesn’t quite make sense to say that the wolves declined to an estimate. (E) is much better: the wolves (i.e., the number of wolves) declined to “an estimated 200,000”, which is a far clearer way to indicate that the wolf population declined to a certain level.

And there’s arguably a meaning difference at the end of the sentence: in (E), “some 11,000 of them…” very reasonably modifies “an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries.” In (D), I can’t quite make sense of the word “with” – in general, “with” suggests some sort of accompaniment (“I ate burritos with green chile” or “I went to the movies with my daughter”), and I can’t quite figure out how that would apply here.

So both of those differences are subtle, but both point in the same direction: (E) is better than (D).
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 01:53
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IMO E

Modifiers should logically modify wolves or wolf
so Ais out.
wolves should be used as in the non-underlined part them can then have a logical antecedent.
(some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.) so B & C are out.
out of D & E. e is more concise and correctly use some instead of with as used in option D.
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 01:59
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Errors in the sentence: there must be a noun after the modifying phrase "Once numbering in the millions worldwide"

Checking for the split,we have two options: 1. with approximately 2. some
with approximately 11,000 of them to be found - Prepositional phrase is grammatically correct but wordy.
Some 11,000 of them to be found- Noun + Noun modifier -- Grammatically correct and elegant construction

Left with C and E
"to an estimated 200,000" is more elegant than " to an estimate of 200,000"


Correct answer is E.
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 04:28
IMO "D",

"with" is better than "some" in describing part of a group.
and wolves better than "the wolf".

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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 11:26
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 270: Sentence Correction


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Once numbering in the millions worldwide, it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.

(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.



IMO, correct answer is E.
Though B is close but has awkward construction estimated to have
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 17:43
How do we figure out whether to use "some", or "with approximately"?

Is there a redundancy problem with "estimated" and "approximately"?

Is this why I should've picked (E) instead of (D).

I don't understand when people say pick (E) because it's more concise.

(E) is literally one word less.
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 05:03
lary301254M7 wrote:
How do we figure out whether to use "some", or "with approximately"?

Is there a redundancy problem with "estimated" and "approximately"?

Is this why I should've picked (E) instead of (D).

I don't understand when people say pick (E) because it's more concise.

(E) is literally one word less.



IMO D is wrong for the reason that 'approximate' cannot be used for countable (wolves) nouns.
E corrects the error.
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 05:06
prady2231 wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 270: Sentence Correction


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For All QOTD Questions Click Here


Once numbering in the millions worldwide, it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.

(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.



IMO, correct answer is E.
Though B is close but has awkward construction estimated to have


B cannot be correct as we need a plural noun (wolves) instead of singular (the wolf ). You can see 'them' in the last part of the sentence.
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 08:05
I am left with d and e but wondering how e is correct.
Confused why with approximately is wrong compared to d
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Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2018, 21:58
+1 for option E. The main decision points are - modifiers, pronouns , & meaning.

1) Use them in non underlined part to arrive at the conclusion that it is wolves and not wolf.
2) The modifier in the first part of the sentence has to modify wolves.
3) Non underlined portion in the later part of the sentence modifies countries

Option E it is !!
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QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2018, 10:05
Hi GMATNinja

I don't understand the role and meaning of a part in the middle: [some 11,000 of them]-clearly noun phrase [to be found-?] [in the lower 48 United States and Alaska]-prepositional phrase

It's not a noun, it is not the purpose (adverb), and it's not a verb (otherwise this part couldn't be an absolute phrase). Is it adjective?

Thank you.
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QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2018, 10:05
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