GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 25 Sep 2018, 20:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4999
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2018, 01:13
1
18
00:00

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:15) correct 45% (01:24) wrong based on 917 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 270: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Once numbering in the millions worldwide, it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.

(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2033
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2018, 01:13
8
2
In one of our recent YouTube live videos, we spent a little bit of time discussing a totally unsexy idea: if you miss the important stuff in the NON-underlined portion of the sentence, you can get yourself into trouble on SC. And in this question, the word “them” should jump off the page at you, even though it's not underlined. It’s a sure sign that “wolves” needs to be plural.

With that in mind…

Quote:
(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Well, “wolf” is singular in (A), and that’s a pretty big problem. The opening modifier (“once numbering in the millions worldwide”) also needs to be followed with something that actually “numbered” in the millions – so we need “wolves” to follow the comma.

So we have two great reasons to eliminate (A).

Quote:
(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(B) has one of the same problems as (A): “them” (in the non-underlined portion of the sentence) can’t logically refer to “the wolf.”

And that’s enough to eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

And yet again: “them” is plural, but “the wolf” is singular. I’ll have more to say about the phrase declined to an estimate of 200,000” in a moment.

But for now, we can ditch (C).

(D) and (E) are the only two answer choices that correctly use the plural form of “wolves”, so let’s line these two up side-by-side:
Quote:
(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately
(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

There are only two differences between the two answer choices. The first difference is the big one. In (D), we have “declined to an estimate of 200,000”, and it doesn’t quite make sense to say that the wolves declined to an estimate. (E) is much better: the wolves (i.e., the number of wolves) declined to “an estimated 200,000”, which is a far clearer way to indicate that the wolf population declined to a certain level.

And there’s arguably a meaning difference at the end of the sentence: in (E), “some 11,000 of them…” very reasonably modifies “an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries.” In (D), I can’t quite make sense of the word “with” – in general, “with” suggests some sort of accompaniment (“I ate burritos with green chile” or “I went to the movies with my daughter”), and I can’t quite figure out how that would apply here.

So both of those differences are subtle, but both point in the same direction: (E) is better than (D).
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 24 Mar 2017
Posts: 105
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20, IIMA
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.98
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2018, 01:53
1
IMO E

Modifiers should logically modify wolves or wolf
so Ais out.
wolves should be used as in the non-underlined part them can then have a logical antecedent.
(some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.) so B & C are out.
out of D & E. e is more concise and correctly use some instead of with as used in option D.
_________________

Sailing through rough waters. Stars & few kudos will steer me past.

Manager
Joined: 07 Apr 2018
Posts: 108
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2018, 01:59
1
Errors in the sentence: there must be a noun after the modifying phrase "Once numbering in the millions worldwide"

Checking for the split,we have two options: 1. with approximately 2. some
with approximately 11,000 of them to be found - Prepositional phrase is grammatically correct but wordy.
Some 11,000 of them to be found- Noun + Noun modifier -- Grammatically correct and elegant construction

Left with C and E
"to an estimated 200,000" is more elegant than " to an estimate of 200,000"

_________________

Intern
Joined: 16 Mar 2018
Posts: 12
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2018, 04:28
IMO "D",

"with" is better than "some" in describing part of a group.
and wolves better than "the wolf".

--------------------------------------
Still zero kudos...
Intern
Joined: 01 May 2017
Posts: 19
Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GPA: 3.95
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2018, 11:26
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 270: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Once numbering in the millions worldwide, it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.

(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Though B is close but has awkward construction estimated to have
Manager
Joined: 28 Jan 2018
Posts: 104
Location: Taiwan
GPA: 3.34
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2018, 17:43
How do we figure out whether to use "some", or "with approximately"?

Is there a redundancy problem with "estimated" and "approximately"?

Is this why I should've picked (E) instead of (D).

I don't understand when people say pick (E) because it's more concise.

(E) is literally one word less.
Intern
Joined: 09 Dec 2017
Posts: 10
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Apr 2018, 05:03
lary301254M7 wrote:
How do we figure out whether to use "some", or "with approximately"?

Is there a redundancy problem with "estimated" and "approximately"?

Is this why I should've picked (E) instead of (D).

I don't understand when people say pick (E) because it's more concise.

(E) is literally one word less.

IMO D is wrong for the reason that 'approximate' cannot be used for countable (wolves) nouns.
E corrects the error.
Intern
Joined: 09 Dec 2017
Posts: 10
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Apr 2018, 05:06
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 270: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Once numbering in the millions worldwide, it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.

(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

Though B is close but has awkward construction estimated to have

B cannot be correct as we need a plural noun (wolves) instead of singular (the wolf ). You can see 'them' in the last part of the sentence.
Manager
Joined: 26 Dec 2017
Posts: 156
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Apr 2018, 08:05
I am left with d and e but wondering how e is correct.
Confused why with approximately is wrong compared to d
_________________

--If you like my post pls give kudos

Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 501
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.33
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Apr 2018, 21:58
+1 for option E. The main decision points are - modifiers, pronouns , & meaning.

1) Use them in non underlined part to arrive at the conclusion that it is wolves and not wolf.
2) The modifier in the first part of the sentence has to modify wolves.
3) Non underlined portion in the later part of the sentence modifies countries

Option E it is !!
_________________

" The few , the fearless "

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Dec 2017
Posts: 383
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q44 V33
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 710 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.25
WE: Marketing (Telecommunications)
QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Jul 2018, 10:05
Hi GMATNinja

I don't understand the role and meaning of a part in the middle: [some 11,000 of them]-clearly noun phrase [to be found-?] [in the lower 48 United States and Alaska]-prepositional phrase

It's not a noun, it is not the purpose (adverb), and it's not a verb (otherwise this part couldn't be an absolute phrase). Is it adjective?

Thank you.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2033
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2018, 07:44
1
Hero8888 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja

I don't understand the role and meaning of a part in the middle: [some 11,000 of them]-clearly noun phrase [to be found-?] [in the lower 48 United States and Alaska]-prepositional phrase

It's not a noun, it is not the purpose (adverb), and it's not a verb (otherwise this part couldn't be an absolute phrase). Is it adjective?

Thank you.

This feels like a good time to make a public service announcement regarding the usefulness of learning esoteric grammatical terms. While this can be a good way to impress (or annoy?) your friends at dinner parties, it's not necessarily a great way to study for the GMAT. You can kick all sorts of butt on SC without knowing the difference between an adverbial and an adjectival modifier, for example. And I still haven't figured out why I should care about the difference between complex and simple gerunds.

But yes, it’s perfectly reasonable to think about “to be found” the same way you would any modifying phrase. Just ask yourself what the phrase is describing: “The mongoose, known to be found in warm climates, is a delightful creature.” What is known to be found in warm climates? The mongoose. Anything that describes a noun is basically functioning as an adjective.

Is it terribly useful to know that "to be found" is an adjectival phrase comprised of an infinitive and a participle and that such a construction can be contained within an absolute phrase? Not really. (For the record: the first sentence of this paragraph makes my own eyes bleed slightly.) Those are just technical terms for concepts we understand intuitively. Our brains are wired to understand language without using obscure labels.

And your question reveals that you already understood what role "to be found" was playing. You were more confused about the terminology, and there's no reason to be terribly concerned about that.

I hope that helps. (And I'm waving in your general direction from Long Island City as I write this!)
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | GMAT blog | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja and @GMATNinjaTwo in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Dec 2017
Posts: 383
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q44 V33
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 710 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.25
WE: Marketing (Telecommunications)
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Jul 2018, 17:31
1
GMATNinja wrote:
Hero8888 wrote:
Hi GMATNinja

I hope that helps. (And I'm waving in your general direction from Long Island City as I write this!)

Haha thanks a lot. Yes, I overthink sometimes. If you are in NY and need a coffee mate or a guide, just let me know, I'm always at your service.
Manager
Joined: 27 Jul 2016
Posts: 72
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V40
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2018, 03:59
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 270: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Once numbering in the millions worldwide, it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some 11,000 of them to be found in the lower 48 United States and Alaska.

(A) it is estimated that the wolf has declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(B) the wolf is estimated to have declined to 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(C) the wolf has declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, some

(D) wolves have declined to an estimate of 200,000 in 57 countries, with approximately

(E) wolves have declined to an estimated 200,000 in 57 countries, some

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

A- Preceding clause is a modifier, thus we need a noun which is wolf to be the subject.
B and C are wrong since the following clause uses "them"
D - I do not think "estmate of 200k" is correct.

Director
Joined: 26 Aug 2016
Posts: 661
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Marketing
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33
GMAT 2: 700 Q50 V33
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V38
GPA: 4
WE: Consulting (Consulting)
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

31 Jul 2018, 11:35
The wolf can't decline but wolves can..* population/ group.
Hence D and E stand out.
Some - elegant.
with approximately - Wordy.
Furthermore, The wording estimation of something. .. is unidiomatic here.
estimated 10K is better and elegant.

Intern
Joined: 03 Jul 2016
Posts: 16
Re: QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Sep 2018, 23:40
I did not understand the difference between D and E.
Manager
Joined: 01 Feb 2017
Posts: 155
QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2018, 02:14
My two cents:
Choices A,B and C are incorrect for obvious reasons: ‘Them’ in the non-underlined modifier at the end requires a plural antecedent.
That leaves Choices D and E as contenders.
IMO, there could be three reasons for choosing E over D
1) D- Wolves have declined to an estimate: “To an estimate”, as an object phrase of the sentence, does not makes sense with S+V “Wolves have declined”.
E- Wolves have declined to an estimated + figure: “an estimated” is acting as an adjective to object noun (to 200,000) and remaining S+V+O makes perfect sense “Wolves have declined to 200,000”

2) E- Subgroup Modifier “Some of them” is a correct and commonly used construction in GMAT SC.
D- ,+With mostly acts as a full clause modifier. Hence, the modifier must make sense with the subject. Choice D can be reduced to “wolves have declined, with approximately 11,000 of them”. IMO, this is murkier than E.

3) Not sure about this one, but in D, use of “estimate” with “approximate” could be classified as Redundancy error.
QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide &nbs [#permalink] 24 Sep 2018, 02:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# QOTD: Once numbering in the millions worldwide

## Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.