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QOTD: Plants are more efficient at acquiring

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 55: Sentence Correction


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Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

(A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi
(B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi
(C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon
(D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon
(E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi

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You could drive yourself absolutely nuts on this one if you get tunnel-vision, and obsess over the comparison in the underlined portion, as discussed in last Wednesday's verbal chat (transcript is available here). But the action is mostly in the non-underlined portion in this sentence. Two things you should ideally notice:

  • "Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide..." --> this is going to make a whole lot more sense if "in the form of carbon dioxide" is right next to "carbon", not "fungi."
  • Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars. --> looks like some parallelism needs to happen here, so we'll need to keep an eye on that, too

Quote:
(A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi

"...fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide..." really doesn't work. Eliminate A.

Quote:
(B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi

Same mistake as in (A). Plus, I'd argue that the underlined portion is a little bit confusing, even if we ignore the rest of the sentence: it seems like this could be saying that the plants acquire carbon more efficiently than plants acquire fungi. And that doesn't make sense, obviously. (For more on meaning issues in SC, check out our long-winded Topic of the Week.) Either way, eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon

Looks good! Keep (C).

Quote:
(D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon

This isn't a sentence at all, since the subject "plants" never actually performs an action. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi

Arguably the same meaning issue as in (B). Plus, the parallelism doesn't work: something has to be parallel to "converting", since that's the word that follows "and" in the non-underlined portion... and we really don't have any options at all. Eliminate (E).

(D) is correct.
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Re: QOTD: Plants are more efficient at acquiring [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 11:20
I would choose C as my answer.

D and E are clearly out for awkwardness
B does not make a clear comparison

Between A and C, C places the phrase closer to the subject (if that makes sense)

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Re: QOTD: Plants are more efficient at acquiring [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 11:28
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 55: Sentence Correction


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Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

(A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi
(B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi
(C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon
(D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon
(E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


D - No main verb. Out.
E,B,A - "in... carbon dioxide" is modifying fungi which is absurd. Out.
E also has parallelism issues b/w acquire and converting.

C is the answer.
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New post 14 Jul 2017, 15:03
Options A, B, and E are clearly out because of the modifier "in the form of carbon dioxide" which is incorrectly modifying fungi
D is out because there is no verb for the subject "plants"
Hence C is the right answer

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 16:57
I'll go with C

Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

(A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi Wrong
(B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi "efficiency of Plants at acquiring carbon" is compared to fungi "wrong"
(C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon "efficiency of Plants " is compared to "fungi at acquiring carbon "Correct"
(D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon we can't this info between commas as it is important
(E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi "efficiency of Plants at acquiring carbon" is compared to fungi "wrong"
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Last edited by MadaraU on 14 Jul 2017, 18:02, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: QOTD: Plants are more efficient at acquiring [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 17:08
When you read the sentence, the only thing that makes sense here """ than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide""" is carbon

that leaves C and D in D we have this comma " Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon" which doesnt make sense ..

I will go with C

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 18:19
when we look a second part of the sentence i.e. ".. and converting it to" it should be parallel with fisrt part ie. acquiring carbon... so option A,B & E are ruled out. option D actually changes the meaning. Only option left is C, which is correct answer.

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Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

Point to remember: ALWAYS read the complete sentence. Here the author has used "and". Thus we must always be looking for parallel structures. Since "converting" is in verb+ing form "acquiring" must also be in verb+ing form.

(A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi -The 2 things which are being compared should be close to each other
(B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi -This sentence means that plants acquire carbon more efficiently than they acquire fungi. The comparison/meaning is absurd.
(C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon -CORRECT
(D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon -The structure of the sentence is very awkward.
(E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi -Out because of the aforesaid reasoning.
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QOTD: Plants are more efficient at acquiring [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2017, 22:35
The first thing to notice...and converting...
In the first part we need to have something parallel to 'and converting'
Whenever you come across 'than' remember the question will test 'comparisons'

Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

(A) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi-Read without 'in the form of carbon dioxide'...Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi and converting it to energy-rich sugars.
'it' illogically refers to fungi.
The modifier 'in the form of CO2' illogically modifies fungi

(B) Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi-So plants do better at acquiring carbon then fungi? wrong comparison
(C) Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon-' in the form of carbon dioxide' modifies carbon, acquiring is parallel to converting, keep the option
(D) Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon-without modifiers...Plants and converting it to energy-rich sugars...S-V error,Fragment
(E) Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi-Comparison error, Parallelism error
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New post 19 Jul 2017, 12:39
Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

The original sentence places the modifier 'in the form of carbon dioxide' next to the noun fungi. This does not make sense. Hence eliminate A, B and E

Between C and D, option D the modifier 'more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon' modifies plants and ignoring that makes the sentence awkward.

Answer is C
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New post 15 Oct 2017, 08:06
Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

A. Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi,
B. Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than fungi,
C. Plants are more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon,
D. Plants, more efficient than fungi at acquiring carbon,
E. Plants acquire carbon more efficiently than fungi,
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Re: Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 08:36
The following question is already been discussed in the below link:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-plants-are-more-efficient-at-acquiring-244673.html
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Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2017, 10:38
Kritesh wrote:
The following question is already been discussed in the below link:

https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-plants-are-more-efficient-at-acquiring-244673.html


very weird, tried to search for this question before posting and couldn't find it...thx Kritesh
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NDND - The same thing has happened to me as well few times but thankfully been pointed out by the moderators :-)
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Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2017, 10:48
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