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QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a

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QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 08:28
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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 101: Sentence Correction


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The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were
B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each,
C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been
D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each
E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been

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QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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In keeping with some of our other recent QOTDs (see all of the 2017 QOTDs here), this one is mostly about meaning, and mechanical grammar rules won’t get you all that far. Good times.

Quote:
A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were

What the heck is that final “were” doing there? “The Anasazi settlements… were built on a spectacular scale… of up to 600 rooms each, were connected…” At the very least, we need an “and” before that “were” to connect it to the subject of the sentence. (A) is out.

Quote:
B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each,

I guess this is OK. It’s just a series of modifiers, all of which make sense: “of up to 600 rooms each” modifies the “75 carefully engineered structures”, and “connected by a complex regional system of roads” modifies that whole chunk that comes before it “75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each.” It feels a little bit awkward, but that doesn’t matter. Keep (B).

Quote:
C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been

There are a couple of issues with the last chunk of the sentence. I don’t think it makes sense to say “each” had been connected. It’s subtle, but that phrase suggests that they’re connected individually, and that makes no sense.

The verb tense “had been” is also a problem. Why would we say “were built” (simple past) and then “had been connected” (past perfect), when the two actions presumably happened at around the same time? At the very least, the structures definitely weren’t connected before they even existed. (C) is gone.

Quote:
D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each

Again, there’s a meaning problem with the “each.” This is basically saying that the structures (or maybe the rooms?) are individually connected. It would be fine to say that ALL of them were connected, but “each”? That doesn’t make sense.

I’m also not sold on the use of “and with” here. I’m not certain that it’s wrong, but the “and” would indicate parallelism, and that gives us “The (settlements) were built on a spectacular scale of more than 75 carefully engineered structures… and with each connected by (roads).” That’s odd: I don’t think those two prepositional phrases have any good reason to be parallel to each other.

We can argue about the parallelism thing, but (B) is far clearer and cleaner than (D).

Quote:
E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been

This has the same problems as (C), but with a comma removed to make it even more confusing. (E) is out, and (B) is correct.
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Re: QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 08:35
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 101: Sentence Correction


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The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were
B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each,
C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been
D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each
E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.



Hi....

Issues related to the Word..
1) 'structures' is further modified by the prepositional phrase " of....each" .
2) the comma after the prepositional phrase should speak about verb related to structure and here it should be 'connected'.
3) with is the correct word used.

B
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QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 09:12
My Answer B (Awaiting OA)

The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were -"were" is not required. we just need to say that "Canyon had more than 75 structures connected by system of roads."
B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, -Correct
C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been -"spectacular scale of more than 75 structures" doesn't seem correct. The Chaco Canyon was built on a very large scale consisting of more than 75 structures. Thus, the opening words of this option aren't correct. Also, this option is depicting that each of 600 rooms were interconnected by a system of roads; this thought is nonsensical.
D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each -Opening words of this option are wrong as per the explanation in option C.
E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been -Opening words of this option are wrong as per the explanation in option C.
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Last edited by gmatexam439 on 12 Sep 2017, 10:29, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 10:11
chetan2u wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 101: Sentence Correction


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For All QOTD Questions Click Here



The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were
B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each,
C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been
D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each
E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.



Hi....

Issues related to the Word..
1) 'structures' is further modified by the prepositional phrase " of....each" .
2) the comma after the prepositional phrase should speak about verb related to structure and here it should be 'connected'.
3) with is the correct word used.

B


hi,
isn't scale normally followed by of. as in it was built on a massive 'scale of '
Please respond.

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Re: QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 10:34
GMATNinja, I think you were in a hurry today :P ; you posted the explanation even before the OA was posted :)
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QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were --- it is clear that this simple sentence is riddled with two verbs namely 'were built' and 'were connected' without a proper conjugation. This is double verbing and out

B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, ---Now that the double verbing is gone, let us come back to this a while later.

C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been -- it is absurd to say that the 75 structures had been interconnected before they were constructed. Therefore this is out.

D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each --- comma plus with each is a phrase. This not parallel with the previous IC and We may call it either unparallel or the second part a fragment

E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been-- here is a fused sentence, the first with were constructed, and the second with had been connected( we already know 'had been' is wrong)

Now let's go back to B, the structure is a simple sentence with an underlined 'comma plus ed modifier' at the end. perfect foil

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Last edited by daagh on 14 Sep 2017, 07:52, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 20:18
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 101: Sentence Correction


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The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were connected by a complex regional system of roads.

A. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each, were
B. with more than 75 carefully engineered structures, of up to 600 rooms each,
C. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms, each that had been
D. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms and with each
E. of more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each had been

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


Split 1
We need a descriptive phrase,participle clause after comma or and independent clause with FANBOYS conjunction.

Split 2
The original sentence has were at the end of the underlined part , but it has each before were therefore the sentence has Subject verb error .

Split 3

This original sentence is not connected by the conjunction it give us comma splice error or run on
The original idea is that Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a spectacular scale with more than 75 carefully engineered structures of up to 600 rooms each . we see that each can not not be the subject of the clause starting after each as this each is part of the previous phrase and act as object . So we need a full independent clause of a participle clause modifying previous clause .

So the answer is B

Experts am i correct in my analysis ?
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Re: QOTD: The Anasazi settlements at Chaco Canyon were built on a   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2017, 20:18
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