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# QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend

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QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 05:02
1
6
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

72% (00:56) correct 28% (01:03) wrong based on 403 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 181: Sentence Correction

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Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long , the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka are concentrated in the monsoon months, June to September, and the skies are generally clear for the rest of the year.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(B) Unlike the United States farmers who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

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Re: QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 05:03
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1
We covered this one in a recent YouTube webinar on comparisons, so if you prefer your explanations in video form, head on over here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dsa-RaX765o

Quote:
(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

The word “unlike” should always jump off the page at us, because it’s arguably the most straightforward type of comparison you’ll ever see on the GMAT. “Unlike the United States…” needs to be followed by something that can logically be compared with “the United States.”

In this particular sentence, there’s a modifier in the way (beginning with “where farmers can usually depend…”), but once we get past that, we have a mess: “Unlike the United States,… the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka…” You could logically compare the United States to many things (insert bad geopolitical joke here), but “the rains” are not among them.

So (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) Unlike the United States farmers who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(B) changes a couple of small things, but it has the same fundamental problem as (A): “Unlike the United States farmers,… the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka…” OK, so now we’re comparing “farmers” to “the rains”, and that makes no sense, either. So (B) is gone.

Quote:
(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains

OK, now we’re getting into some fun stuff. The phrase “those of” (or “that of”) should always jump off the page at us too: “those” and “that” are both pronouns, and often give us some nice, easy eliminations – and both seem to show up quite a bit in comparison questions. (More on “that” and its use as a pronoun in this article.) Basically, you’ll always want to identify the antecedent for “those” or “that”, and then insert it back into the sentence to see if it makes sense.

So in (C), “those” seems to refer to “parts”, and we end up with absolute nonsense: “Unlike the rains of the United States…, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains…” Huh? It doesn't make any sense to compare “the rains of the United States” with “parts of Sri Lanka’s rains.” Maybe you could compare “rains of the United States” to “rains of parts of Sri Lanka”, but that’s not what’s happening, because “Sri Lanka’s” is possessive. So (C) discusses parts of the rains themselves, and compares those “parts” to the rains of the United States.

That was fun. (C) is out.

Quote:
(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

The hits keep coming: “In comparison with the United States…, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka…” That’s also wrong, because it’s literally comparing the United States itself to the rains in Sri Lanka. So (D) can be eliminated.

Quote:
(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains

Well, we’ve already eliminated all of the other answer choices, so I hope we like (E), or else we’ll be starting over, and that’s about as much fun as licking frozen doorknobs.

Fortunately, the comparison looks pretty good here: “In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains…” Hey, that’s not bad. Basically, the sentence is telling us what happens “in the United States”, and then it tells us that “in most parts of Sri Lanka”, something else happens. That’s perfect.

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Re: QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 07:36
Awaiting OA

Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long , the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka are concentrated in the monsoon months, June to September, and the skies are generally clear for the rest of the year.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka -Incorrect comparison between US and rain

(B) Unlike the United States farmers who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka -Incorrect comparison between farmers and rain

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains -Those in the opening comparison is not a good way to write. Neverthless, those must refer back to the first noun that appears in the main clause, which in our case is "most parts of rain". This is completely nonsensical

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka -Incorrect comparison between rain and US

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains -Correct
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Re: QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2017, 07:53
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 181: Sentence Correction

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[u]Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long , the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka
are concentrated in the monsoon months, June to September, and the skies are generally clear for the rest of the year.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(B) Unlike the United States farmers who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

(a) Unlike the US, ...... , the rains....
comparison b/w the US and the rains. Wrong

(b) Unlike the United States farmers......, the rains...
comparison b/w the farmers and the rains. Wrong. United States is adjective here.

(c) Unlike those of the United States,......, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains......
What is most parts of rains? Does rains have parts? How can we compare parts of the US with those of rains? Illogical. Wrong. Though, pronoun "those" has clear antecedent. Mind it.

(d) In comparison with the United States,......., the rains....
comparison b/w the US and the rains. Wrong

(e) No comparison here. Just "Prepositional Phrase, Independent Clause1, but Independent Clause2." CORRECT.
Prepositional Phrase - In the United States (Playing the role of adverb)
Independent Clause1 - farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long
Independent Clause2 - in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains are concentrated in the monsoon months, June to September, and the skies are generally clear for the rest of the year.
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Re: QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend  [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2018, 21:30
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 181: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long , the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka are concentrated in the monsoon months, June to September, and the skies are generally clear for the rest of the year.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(B) Unlike the United States farmers who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(B) Unlike the United States farmers who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains -- Illogical comparison.

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains
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Re: QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2018, 00:58
Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long , the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka are concentrated in the monsoon months, June to September, and the skies are generally clear for the rest of the year.

Unlike X, Y where X and Y should be parallel.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(B) Unlike the United States farmers who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains
Correct.
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Re: QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2018, 04:43
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains

OK, now we’re getting into some fun stuff. The phrase “those of” (or “that of”) should always jump off the page at us too: “those” and “that” are both pronouns, and often give us some nice, easy eliminations – and both seem to show up quite a bit in comparison questions. (More on “that” and its use as a pronoun in this article.) Basically, you’ll always want to identify the antecedent for “those” or “that”, and then insert it back into the sentence to see if it makes sense.

So in (C), “those” seems to refer to “parts”, and we end up with absolute nonsense: “Unlike the rains of the United States…, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains…” Huh? It doesn't make any sense to compare “the rains of the United States” with “parts of Sri Lanka’s rains.” Maybe you could compare “rains of the United States” to “rains of parts of Sri Lanka”, but that’s not what’s happening, because “Sri Lanka’s” is possessive. So (C) discusses parts of the rains themselves, and compares those “parts” to the rains of the United States.

That was fun. (C) is out.

a further question jump out at me.
if "those of " in Choice C refers to rains, then the comparison will become rains in USA VS most parts of rains in Sri Lanka, according to the meaning of the sentence. although Sri Lanka's here is possessive, but does it meaning most parts of rains in Sri Lanka ?

Hi mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja, MagooshExpert Carolyn,
sayantanc2

Have a lovely day.
>_~
Re: QOTD: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend &nbs [#permalink] 15 Jul 2018, 04:43
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