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# Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as

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Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2009, 14:23
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Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, Kepler, and Newton, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as on philosophical arguments.
A. al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as
B. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on experiment as well as
C. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and who experimented extensively with light and vision, thereby laid the foundation for modern optics and also for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also
D. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also
E. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimenting extensively with light and vision and laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion of science being based on experiment as well as

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by PiyushK on 28 Nov 2014, 10:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2009, 14:31
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IMO B

Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, Kepler, and Newton, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as on philosophical arguments.
A. al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as - laying fdation for modern optics and also the notion - not parallel
B. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on experiment as well as - correct , parallel (for moderan and for the notion, based on experiment as well as on phlio...)
C. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and who experimented extensively with light and vision, thereby laid the foundation for modern optics and also for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also - should be be not only on but also on
D. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also - should be be not only on but also on
E. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimenting extensively with light and vision and laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion of science being based on experiment as well as - experimenting means he is till doing it...
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2009, 10:56
IMO B...........
experimented.... indicates the use of past tense... so it is correct.........

OA plzzz
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2012, 05:48
Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, Kepler, and Newton, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as on philosophical arguments.
A. al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as-->had experimented is wrong usage.It implies that he started experimenting before he was born
B. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on experiment as well as-->perfectly put forth in the most precise manner.
C. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and who experimented extensively with light and vision, thereby laid the foundation for modern optics and also for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also-->and who is not required here ,makes it more verbose
D. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also-->similar to A
E. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimenting extensively with light and vision and laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion of science being based on experiment as well as-->parallelism error
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2014, 16:23
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2014, 08:31
Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, Kepler, and Newton, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as on philosophical arguments.

A. al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as
B. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on experiment as well as -> Looks correct
C. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and who experimented extensively with light and vision, thereby laid the foundation for modern optics and also for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also
D. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also
E. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimenting extensively with light and vision and laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion of science being based on experiment as well as
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Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2015, 11:35
Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, Kepler, and Newton, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as on philosophical arguments.

A. al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as

B. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on experiment as well as

C. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and who experimented extensively with light and vision, thereby laid the foundation for modern optics and also for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also

D. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also

E. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimenting extensively with light and vision and laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion of science being based on experiment as well as

Please anyone Explain why other options are wrong exactly.
ankurgupta03 would be great to get your inputs on this.

P.S. Moderators please merge this topic after a few replies. (created this one as earlier thread was not clear at all in terms of any responses)
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2015, 21:22
Sentence C is a bit funny, but I picked it.

I am not clear on the usage of the word laying...

This question is testing 'Concrete nous and action nouns'.

earnit wrote:
Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, Kepler, and Newton, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as on philosophical arguments.

A. al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as

B. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on experiment as well as

C. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and who experimented extensively with light and vision, thereby laid the foundation for modern optics and also for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also

D. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also

E. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimenting extensively with light and vision and laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion of science being based on experiment as well as

Please anyone Explain why other options are wrong exactly.
ankurgupta03 would be great to get your inputs on this.

P.S. Moderators please merge this topic after a few replies. (created this one as earlier thread was not clear at all in terms of any responses)

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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2016, 11:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2016, 19:13
Can someone help me find the main verb in Option B? Isn't "experimented " a verb -ed modifier?
Am a bit confused..!!
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2016, 00:05
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Anigr16 wrote:
Can someone help me find the main verb in Option B? Isn't "experimented " a verb -ed modifier?
Am a bit confused..!!

No, "experimented" is the main verb. The basic sentence is as follows:

Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham experimented extensively with light and vision.

A non-essential modifier "born in Iraq in 965 C.E" is inserted after Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham. This modifier refers to Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham.

The sentence now becomes:
Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E, experimented extensively with light and vision.

Another past participial modifier "Ranked among...." is added before Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham. This modifier refers to Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham

Finally another present participle modifier "laying the foundation for ...." is added at the end of the sentence. This modifier refers to the whole clause " Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E, experimented extensively with light and vision."

The complete sentence is as below:

Ranked among...., Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E, experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for......
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2016, 09:29
sayantanc2k wrote:
Anigr16 wrote:
Can someone help me find the main verb in Option B? Isn't "experimented " a verb -ed modifier?
Am a bit confused..!!

No, "experimented" is the main verb. The basic sentence is as follows:

Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham experimented extensively with light and vision.

A non-essential modifier "born in Iraq in 965 C.E" is inserted after Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham. This modifier refers to Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham.

The sentence now becomes:
Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E, experimented extensively with light and vision.

Another past participial modifier "Ranked among...." is added before Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham. This modifier refers to Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham

Finally another present participle modifier "laying the foundation for ...." is added at the end of the sentence. This modifier refers to the whole clause " Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E, experimented extensively with light and vision."

The complete sentence is as below:

Ranked among...., Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E, experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for......

Thanks !! sayantanc2k
I had the idea that any verb-ed after comma usually assumes the role of a modifier.
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2016, 00:24
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Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as Archimedes, Kepler, and Newton, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as on philosophical arguments.
A. al-Haytham, who was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and also the notion of science being based on experiment as well as
WRONG:- Not parallel FOUNDATION FOR MODERN PHYSICS and ALSO THE NOTION (ALSO FOR THE NOTION).
o------BORN (YEAR 1900) -----HAD EXPERIMENTED (IN YEAR 1930)----------> Direction of flow of time
Had + past is used for events that occured in older past, for recent past such a construction is wrong

B. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on experiment as well as
CORRECT:- Parallel, correct idiom - as well as, correct tense timeline

C. al-Haytham, born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and who experimented extensively with light and vision, thereby laid the foundation for modern optics and also for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also
WRONG :- Use of and as a conjunction is wrong. If you read the sentence after AND it does not have a clear reference for "who". Also The sentence that starts after AND should always be an independent cause , hence using AND is incorrect.

D. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., and had experimented extensively with light and vision, laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion that science should be based on not only experiment but also
WRONG:- Use of AND is wrong. Incorrect tense time HAD EXPERIMENTED
o------BORN (YEAR 1900) ----- HAD EXPERIMENTED (IN YEAR 1930)------ DIED (IN YEAR 1960)-------> Direction of flow of time
Had + past is used for events that occured in older past, for recent past such a construction is wrong

E. al-Haytham was born in Iraq in 965 C.E., experimenting extensively with light and vision and laying the foundation for modern optics and for the notion of science being based on experiment as well as
Wrong:- Experimenting is wrong. Is he still carrying out the experiment. NO. He died 4000 year back. How can he still be experimenting
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Re: Ranked among great mathematical scientists such as   [#permalink] 20 Jun 2016, 00:24
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