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Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi

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Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2018, 10:46
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  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:31) correct 46% (01:29) wrong based on 123 sessions

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Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimination in hiring and promotion practices. The plaintiffs point to the fact that, of top executives, only 3 of 30 are people of color. At the same time, the majority of the people doing entry-level labor in the lumber mills are people of color. They assert that people of color are only hired to do lower-paid, high risk work at All Trees.

How could the lawyers for All Trees best refute the claims of racial discrimination?

A By showing that all executives at the same level make the same salary, regardless of race.

B By showing that people awarded promotions had the same or better qualifications than those rejected.

C By demonstrating that it is necessary to have a college degree to earn a promotion.

D By giving the statistics of the number of white employees doing entry-level jobs.

E By actively recruiting white applicants for entry-level jobs.
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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2018, 10:55
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IMO B
it gives alternate reasoning that people get awarded because of better qualifications not because of racial discrimination.


chesstitans wrote:
Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimination in hiring and promotion practices. The plaintiffs point to the fact that, of top executives, only 3 of 30 are people of color. At the same time, the majority of the people doing entry-level labor in the lumber mills are people of color. They assert that people of color are only hired to do lower-paid, high risk work at All Trees.

How could the lawyers for All Trees best refute the claims of racial discrimination?

A By showing that all executives at the same level make the same salary, regardless of race.

B By showing that people awarded promotions had the same or better qualifications than those rejected.

C By demonstrating that it is necessary to have a college degree to earn a promotion.

D By giving the statistics of the number of white employees doing entry-level jobs.

E By actively recruiting white applicants for entry-level jobs.
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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 06 Apr 2018, 23:28
Adi93

Hi, can you please explain why option C is incorrect. Can't option C mean that degree is the differentiating factor and not the color?

Thank you.

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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2018, 01:15
Since, the argument has been developed on the basis of data, so only by means of data/statistics can this argument be weakened. B and C both provide alternative reasons, but argument has used data, so to oppose we better present our data of white men being hired and promoted.

Thus, after a lot of pondering between B,C and D ...I chose D.

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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2018, 19:53
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This looks a bit different than usual, but it is nothing more than a weakening question.

Structure of the argument :

Premise 1 : only 3 out of 30 top executives are people of color
Premise 2 : Majority of the people doing entry level labour are people of color
Conclusion : People of color are only hired to do lower-paid and high risk work.

The assumption this argument makes is that there is no other factor than race that gives people the opportunity to occupy higher positions.

The right answer choice will provide another factor to explain why people of color are a minority among higher positions.



A By showing that all executives at the same level make the same salary, regardless of race. The same salary doesn't impact the conclusion. What this answer choice is saying is that there is not privilege among top executives but we are looking for differences between entry level workers and executives. = Wrong

B By showing that people awarded promotions had the same or better qualifications than those rejected. This is it ! What this answer choice is essentially saying is that a better qualification is a factor for deciding who will get a promotion, regardless of the race.

C By demonstrating that it is necessary to have a college degree to earn a promotion. What if entry level workers have a college degree ? This answer choice assumes that entry level workers have none. If entry level workers actually have a college degree this answer would even strengthen the argument. = Wrong

D By giving the statistics of the number of white employees doing entry-level jobs. We don't know what the statistics looks like. Once more this answer choice wants us to assume that there are more white people than color people, but we don't know it. If there are no white entry level workers, or just a few, this would end up strengthening the argument. = Wrong

E By actively recruiting white applicants for entry-level jobs. This is not helping in any way to showcase that the company is not treating employees differently. This is almost implying that the company is acknowledging that it had a discriminatory behaviour and it wants to make up for it. = Wrong


I hope this was helpful !
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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 07:51
olivierprost wrote:
This looks a bit different than usual, but it is nothing more than a weakening question.

Structure of the argument :

Premise 1 : only 3 out of 30 top executives are people of color
Premise 2 : Majority of the people doing entry level labour are people of color
Conclusion : People of color are only hired to do lower-paid and high risk work.

The assumption this argument makes is that there is no other factor than race that gives people the opportunity to occupy higher positions.

The right answer choice will provide another factor to explain why people of color are a minority among higher positions.



A By showing that all executives at the same level make the same salary, regardless of race. The same salary doesn't impact the conclusion. What this answer choice is saying is that there is not privilege among top executives but we are looking for differences between entry level workers and executives. = Wrong

B By showing that people awarded promotions had the same or better qualifications than those rejected. This is it ! What this answer choice is essentially saying is that a better qualification is a factor for deciding who will get a promotion, regardless of the race.

C By demonstrating that it is necessary to have a college degree to earn a promotion. What if entry level workers have a college degree ? This answer choice assumes that entry level workers have none. If entry level workers actually have a college degree this answer would even strengthen the argument. = Wrong

D By giving the statistics of the number of white employees doing entry-level jobs. We don't know what the statistics looks like. Once more this answer choice wants us to assume that there are more white people than color people, but we don't know it. If there are no white entry level workers, or just a few, this would end up strengthening the argument. = Wrong

E By actively recruiting white applicants for entry-level jobs. This is not helping in any way to showcase that the company is not treating employees differently. This is almost implying that the company is acknowledging that it had a discriminatory behaviour and it wants to make up for it. = Wrong


I hope this was helpful !

But B says "same" or better ?? If same qualifications, then how do you justify ?? This point is unclear too.

OA and OE please.

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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 11:44
SonalSinha803 I second that but then if you look at other options you would find this one the most probable and logical.


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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 16:21
SonalSinha803 wrote:
But B says "same" or better ?? If same qualifications, then how do you justify ?? This point is unclear too.

OA and OE please.

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The way thought of this was the following :

The implied information is that there is no other factor than race that gives people the opportunity to occupy higher positions. This other factor is the consideration of qualifications. If you say that "people awarded promotions had lower or equal qualifications than those rejected" that in would strengthen the answer.

But here you are told that the qualification is the same or higher, which means they considered people regardless of color at first. On top of that you are told in the prompt that 3 top executives are people of color. This means that either :
- These people got promoted because of better qualifications
- Or the people got promoted not because of a better qualification, but because of an other factor

This is how I thought of B ! I hope I made it clear !
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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 20:23
Hi jainan

IMO C actually strengthens the Argument by stating that it is necessary to have a College degree.
on the other hand B gives alternate reasoning.

Hope this helps!


jainan wrote:
Adi93

Hi, can you please explain why option C is incorrect. Can't option C mean that degree is the differentiating factor and not the color?

Thank you.

Regards,
Ankita

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Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2018, 06:34
ARGUMENT SAYS A CAUSES B
AND BECAUSE ITS WEAKEN QUES ,WE NEED TO PROVIDE THAT ITS NOT A BUT CAUSES B
B DOES THE SAME , HENCE ANS IS B
Re: Recently, All Trees Lumber Company has been accused of racial discrimi   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2018, 06:34
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