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Re: Recognized as the one of the preeminent African American authors [#permalink]
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1. Based on the passage, Alexander believes one of the Hughes motivation behind the publication of New Negros Poets: USA was to

In the first paragraph, you can find "Alexander suggests that Hughes intention included not only to present African American poetry to a wider audience but to also establish the lineaments of the genre." That is the evidence for the option A.

A. Identify literature that would be viewed as foundational works of African American poetry.
B. Generate revenue from book sales to high school and colleges,
C. Encourage and develop the skills of aspiring poets.
D. Criticize and improve the works of established contemporary poets.
E. Accommodate the market place even if doing so meant excluding important poets


2. The author suggests that Alexander and Hughes would disagree that

"Alexander considers this evidence of how Hughes, a paragon of scholarship in his field, accommodated the marketplace at the expense of a diminished representation of African American culture by allowing the tastes of the marketplace (teachers and students)" This sentence in the second paragraph is the evidence of the option D, which suggests that Alexander disagrees that the literature of a marginalized culture should be edited if doing so makes that literature more accessible to the dominant culture.

A. Anthologies are an effective vehicle for expanding reader’s awareness of the literature of cultures different from their own
B. Editing the literature of one culture does not make that literature more acceptable to a different culture.
C. Editorial changes to a literal work by editor of an anthology should be reviewed by the works author prior to publication in the anthology.
D. The literature of a marginalized culture should be edited if doing so makes that literature more accessible to the dominant culture.
E. Marketplace conditions should never affect the decisions of literary editors.


3. The information in the passage suggest that which of the following hypothetical editorial decision in compiling a literary anthology most clearly exemplifies the aspect of Hughes’s editing decision that alexander criticized?

A. In a collection of regional literature, as many different types of literature from that region are included as possible. -- nothing is mentioned about different types of literature. --discuss about inclusion not exclusion
B. In a collection of national folk songs, the anthem of a separatist region that refers to the national government as illegitimate is not included in the interest of a national unity. -- the songbook is intended to represent the folk music in the country and a song that some might find offensive is omitted.
C. In a collection of poems originally written in a different language, only poems that retain their original meaning when translated into the target language included. --no importance about the translation and original meaning
D. In a collection of works published at the end of an annual writer’s workshop, participants who feel their work is not yet finished may choose to submit their manuscript for publication in a later edition. -- works are excluded based no the incomplete condition of the manuscript, not the discretion of the editor
E. The poetry club of a university publishes a collection of student work of every year and includes a few poems written by professor and staff as well. --it doesn't mention editing of literature, --discuss about inclusion not exclusion
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Re: Recognized as the one of the preeminent African American authors [#permalink]
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Para-1 : A brief bio of Hughes, his works and their significance.
Para-2 : How Hughes work was viewed and what changes Hughes made in his works to make them more acceptable.

1. Based on the passage, Alexander believes one of the Hughes motivation behind the publication of New Negros Poets: USA was to

It is mentioned in the first para that Hughes was committed to the power of literature to transform people's thinking and thus change the culture. In the last sentence it is mentioned that "Hughes intention included not only to present African American poetry to a wider audience but to also establish the lineaments of the genre"

SO through his writings Hughes wanted to uplift the African American poetry and establish the lineaments (also foundation) of the same.

A. Identify literature that would be viewed as foundational works of African American poetry....Correct. As it goes with the above explanation.
B. Generate revenue from book sales to high school and colleges......Revenue was not his main Hughes motive.
C. Encourage and develop the skills of aspiring poets......Aspiring poets is ofs. The passage deals with only African American Poets and culture. Moreover, he did not want to develop their skills, he just wanted that his readers know about the African American Culture.
D. Criticize and improve the works of established contemporary poets......Hughes criticism is not mentioned.
E. Accommodate the market place even if doing so meant excluding important poets.....This was not his main motive. He had to exclude some of his texts because of the white readers views/posts.

2. The author suggests that Alexander and Hughes would disagree that

Hughes and Alexander believed that the literature should be viewed/read/written in a way that depicts the actual conditions/thoughts/beliefs of the author/the subject. They were not in the favor of editing it in order to please a wider audience.

A. Anthologies are an effective vehicle for expanding reader’s awareness of the literature of cultures different from their own.....If at all both of them agrees on this.
B. Editing the literature of one culture does not make that literature more acceptable to a different culture.....It goes against the fact mentioned in the second para.
C. Editorial changes to a literal work by editor of an anthology should be reviewed by the works author prior to publication in the anthology.....OFS.
D. The literature of a marginalized culture should be edited if doing so makes that literature more accessible to the dominant culture......Correct. From the second para we can infer that the original work of Hughes was not acceptable and hence he had to make some changes in it, which Hughes was not keen to do.
E. Marketplace conditions should never affect the decisions of literary editors......If At all they both will agree on it.

3. The information in the passage suggest that which of the following hypothetical editorial decision in compiling a literary anthology most clearly exemplifies the aspect of Hughes’s editing decision that alexander criticized?

Alexander criticized Hughes act of editing his work New Negros Poets: USA. It is mentioned in the last sentence of he second para "Alexander considers this evidence of how Hughes, a paragon of scholarship in his field, accommodated the marketplace ............reading New Negros Poets: USA to censor his selections."

So, if a original work offends a wider audience it needs to e edited to please that audience.

A. In a collection of regional literature, as many different types of literature from that region are included as possible.......Goes against. It actually describes anthology.
B. In a collection of national folk songs, the anthem of a separatist region that refers to the national government as illegitimate is not included in the interest of a national unity.....Correct. It goes with the above explanation.
C. In a collection of poems originally written in a different language, only poems that retain their original meaning when translated into the target language included......Even if the poems are selective. They maintain the originality.
D. In a collection of works published at the end of an annual writer’s workshop, participants who feel their work is not yet finished may choose to submit their manuscript for publication in a later edition......Delays are out of scope.
E. The poetry club of a university publishes a collection of student work of every year and includes a few poems written by professor and staff as well......Including/Excluding writers/authors is not the concern. Forcing them on what to include in a piece of work is the concern.
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Re: Recognized as the one of the preeminent African American authors [#permalink]
The meaning of the first part of the second para is not clear. Can someone please break it down for me? Thanks
While acknowledging the difficulties Hughes faced this task Alexander researched his correspondence to discover serval post who complained of his selection and Hughes’s replies that since the anthology was directed at the primarily white high school and college education market, any works containing words generally considered profane or obscene had to be either edited or omitted.
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Re: Recognized as the one of the preeminent African American authors [#permalink]
can someone please explain Q2 ?
where has Alexander given her view about editing " The literature of a marginalized culture" in the passage??
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Re: Recognized as the one of the preeminent African American authors [#permalink]
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Gknight5603 wrote:
can someone please explain Q2 ?
where has Alexander given her view about editing " The literature of a marginalized culture" in the passage??


The "marginalized culture" didn't need to be explicitly written in the passage rather we have to infer it according to the sense of writing of author. The below lines from the passage leads to the answer:

While acknowledging the difficulties Hughes faced this task Alexander researched his correspondence to discover serval post who complained of his selection and Hughes’s replies that since the anthology was directed at the primarily white high school and college education market, any works containing words generally considered profane or obscene had to be either edited or omitted.

Answer: D
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Re: Recognized as the one of the preeminent African American authors [#permalink]
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Re: Recognized as the one of the preeminent African American authors [#permalink]
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