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# Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty

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Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2008, 15:37
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Question 1
00:00

Question Stats:

62% (02:52) correct 38% (01:53) wrong based on 65

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Question 2
00:00

Question Stats:

52% (01:47) correct 48% (00:33) wrong based on 61

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Question 3
00:00

Question Stats:

53% (02:03) correct 47% (01:14) wrong based on 57

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Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty in the United States among single parent families headed by women. This problem could result from the fact that women’s wages are only 60 percent of men’s. Some economists believe that rigorous enforcement of existing equal pay laws would substantially decrease this wage inequity. But equal pay
laws are ineffectual when women and men are concentrated in different occupations because such laws require only that women and men doing the same jobs be paid the same. Since gender concentration exists (for example, 80 percent of clerical workers are women), other economists argue that a comparable worth standard, which would mandate that women and men in any jobs that require comparable training and responsibility be paid the same, should be applied instead. But some policy analysts assert that, although comparable
worth would virtually equalize male and female wages, many single parent families headed by women would remain in poverty because many men earn wages that are below the poverty line. These policy analysts believe that the problem is not caused primarily by wage inequity but rather by low wages coupled with single parent hood, regardless of sex. As a
solution, they challenge the governent’s assumption that a family’s income should depend primarily on wages and urge the government to provide generous wage supplements
(child and housing allowances) to single parents whose wages are low.
1. The passage suggests that the United States government’s policy towards providing wage supplements to parents whose wages are low is
A. considered ill advised by most economists who have studied the issue
B. based on assumptions about the appropriate sources of family income
C. under revision in response to criticism from some policy analysts
D. capable of eliminating wage inequality but not of raising incomes for both women and men
E. applicable to single-parent families headed by women but not to single-parent families headed by men

[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

2. Which of the following is most clearly an example of the policy advocated by the policy analysts mentioned in line 8 ?
A. A government provides training to women who wish to move out of occupations in which women are concentrated.
B. A government supports research that analyzes the connection between wage inequality and poverty among single-parent families headed by women.
C. A government surveys wages annually to make certain that women and men in the same jobs receive the same pay.
D. A government analyzes jobs in terms of the education and responsibility they require and publishes a list of jobs that should be considered equivalent for wage purposes.
E. A government provides large rent subsidies to single parents whose wages are less than half the average worker’s wage.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

3.According to the passage, some economists believe that, in the United States, there would be smaller differences between the wages of women and men who do the same jobs if
A. equal pay laws were enforced more fully
B. more stringent equal pay laws were passed
C. a more rigorous comparable worth standard were developed and applied
D. more men entered the occupations in which women are concentrated
E. women received the same kind and amount of job training that men receive

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

Last edited by Vyshak on 15 Sep 2016, 13:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2008, 08:23
is it

1 - B
2 - D
3 - A
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2008, 08:54
People who want more RC practice...Any more answers?
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2008, 09:02
It's

1-B
2-d
3-A
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2008, 13:04
Any other guesses for q2? I will post the OAs soon.
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2008, 06:33
Hi, Please provide OA for these questions. Thanks.

eyunni wrote:
Any other guesses for q2? I will post the OAs soon.
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2008, 06:44
E
E
A
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2008, 07:16
OAs:
B
E
A
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2008, 07:26
How you guys are coming to B for Q1:

Not on the basis on these lines:
As a solution, they challenge the government’s assumption that a family’s income should depend primarily on wages. How can we conclude from this that the United States government’s policy towards providing wage supplements to parents whose wages are low is based on assumptions about the appropriate sources of family income.
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2008, 07:47
Question 1
E. applicable to single-parent families headed by women but not to single-parent families headed by men

Women make less than men so the government's policy of supplementing single family low wages would affect the woment who make less.

Question 2
E. A government provides large rent subsidies to single parents whose wages are less than half the average worker’s wage.

The analysts assert that even if women make what men make they will still be below poverty because men themselves are below poverty as well. They challenge the governments assumptions that family income should be based on wages and urge for housing allowances to all single families who's wages are low.

Question 3
A. equal pay laws were enforced more fully

'Some economists believe that rigorous
enforcement of existing equal pay
(10) laws would substantially decrease
this wage inequity.'
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2015, 06:38
Answered all correctly. Took me 5 minutes.
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2015, 03:42
ontheway wrote:
How you guys are coming to B for Q1:

Not on the basis on these lines:
As a solution, they challenge the government’s assumption that a family’s income should depend primarily on wages. How can we conclude from this that the United States government’s policy towards providing wage supplements to parents whose wages are low is based on assumptions about the appropriate sources of family income.

I think it should be E. The policy analysts suggest that solution because the single parent family with low income is headed by men too. So, it may be inferred that Govt. might have that policy, but only for women headed family. So E.
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2016, 08:58
Hey guys, about the third question, why it is not C ?
It is quite clear with A, but I'm not satisfied.

In the passage:
"Some economists believe that rigorous enforcement of existing equal pay laws would substantially decrease this wage inequity.............................Since gender concentration exists......, other economists argue that a comparable worth standard , which..............., should be applied instead."
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2016, 06:49
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johng2016 wrote:
Hey guys, about the third question, why it is not C ?
It is quite clear with A, but I'm not satisfied.

In the passage:
"Some economists believe that rigorous enforcement of existing equal pay laws would substantially decrease this wage inequity.............................Since gender concentration exists......, other economists argue that a comparable worth standard , which..............., should be applied instead."

Read the question carefully. It says "According to the passage, some economists believe that, in the United States, there would be smaller differences between the wages of women and men who do the same jobs if

Comparable worth comes into picture when we compare men and women who are in different occupations. Here, the question compares men and women who are in the same job and for that economists note " Some economists believe that rigorous enforcement of existing equal pay laws would substantially decrease this wage inequity "

This is why "C" is incorrect and "A" is correct.
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 05:28
can anyone please explain question number 2?
regards,
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 05:32
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khv wrote:
can anyone please explain question number 2?
regards,
Harsh Vardhan

It would be great Harsh if you can share your analysis of Q2 first. Also, it'd be great if you can tell us what choices are bothering you!
Thanks
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 07:10
khv wrote:
can anyone please explain question number 2?
regards,
Harsh Vardhan

Question is asking should these policy analysts were to create a action plan, what will it be?

policy analysts assert that, although comparable
worth would virtually equalize male and female wages, many single parent families headed by women would remain in poverty because many men earn wages that are below the poverty line. These policy analysts believe that the problem is not caused primarily by wage inequity but rather by low wages coupled with single parent hood, regardless of sex. As a
solution, they challenge the governent’s assumption that a family’s income should depend primarily on wages and urge the government to provide generous wage supplements
(child and housing allowances) to single parents whose wages are low.

They( Policy analysts) urge the government to provide supplements which complements Ans E
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 08:17
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khv

Which of the following is most clearly an example of the policy ( regardless of sex, provide supplements so that they may not have to rely solely on wages) advocated by the policy analysts mentioned in the highlighted portion?

A. A government provides training to women who wish to move out of occupations in which women are concentrated
the policy has nothing to do with the desires of anyone … moreover it is for both men and women WHO are single parents
B. A government supports research that analyzes the connection between wage inequality and poverty among single-parent families headed by women
the policy in the passage has everything to do with implementation and little to do with research
C. A government surveys wages annually to make certain that women and men in the same jobs receive the same pay
D. A government analyzes jobs in terms of the education and responsibility they require and publishes a list of jobs that should be considered equivalent for wage purposes
again the policy is more about supplements rather than doing away with inequity … education as a measure of judging jobs to be equivalent wage wise is not confirmed from the passage which mentions ‘training and responsibility'
E. A government provides large rent subsidies to single parents whose wages are less than half the average worker’s wage …
a supplement (additional source of income) to single parents regardless of sex … perfect match … CORRECT
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2016, 08:14
I do not understand why Q1 isn't B. I ruled out E because they mention the potential of men being below the poverty line in the passage when suggesting a comparable worth standard being established.

Can someone please shed some light on this for me??

Thanks!!!
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Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2016, 19:55
1. The passage suggests that the United States government’s policy towards providing wage supplements to parents whose wages are low is
A. considered ill advised by most economists who have studied the issue
No such mention in the passage
B. based on assumptions about the appropriate sources of family income
"As a solution, they challenge the government's assumption that a family’s income should depend primarily on wages and urge the government to provide generous wage supplements
(child and housing allowances) to single parents whose wages are low."

C. under revision in response to criticism from some policy analysts
The passage mentions that Analysts have urged government to provide wage supplements. No mention whether givernment has already accepted the proposal and revising the policy.
D. capable of eliminating wage inequality but not of raising incomes for both women and men
" These policy analysts believe that the problem is not caused primarily by wage inequity but rather by low wages coupled with single parent hood, regardless of sex. As a
solution, they challenge the government's assumption that a family’s income should depend primarily on wages and urge the government to provide generous wage supplements
(child and housing allowances) to single parents whose wages are low."

E. applicable to single-parent families headed by women but not to single-parent families headed by men
"urge the government to provide generous wage supplements (child and housing allowances) to single parents whose wages are low."
Re: Research data indicate that there is a great deal of poverty   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2016, 19:55
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