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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2016, 03:45
1
In stripped down form

Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.
Inventories lead to cutbacks that would hamper growth.
Inventories - plural, lead - plural. Rising is acting as an adjective to inventories

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Correspondingly is an adjective, should modify a noun
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
- When used for time, if is preferable. leads is singular, inventories is plural
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Were is past tense, other verbs in sentence are in possibility/future. Sequence of actions does not mandate a past tense verb. Increase in sales is preferred
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
- Leads is singular, inventories is plural
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
- correct

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2016, 01:05
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.


A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

lat part split is 'lead' and 'leads'

Subject is 'Rising inventories', so 'leads' is out.
B and D are out
In C, Rising inventories, when they (they is used unnecessarily)...out


In A, Rising inventories, when..........., can lead 'Vs' In E, Rising inventories, if..........., can lead

Lets look at some of the constructions used to to describe a condition and an outcome

1. If you work hard, you get a good score (fact)
2. If you work hard, you will get a good score.(prediction)
3. If you work hard, you may/can get a good score(probability/possibility)

In these construction, 'if' can be replaced by 'when' only when outcome is a fact

Let look at outcome in these options

In the options, outcome has can, it shows a possibility
therefore in this case we cannot have when in the condition
Therefore A is wrong
E is correct
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2017, 06:20
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There are various kinds of nouns that act as subjects. To start with, you may have a single- word proper noun or a pronoun that may start a sentence, acting as the subject.
Ex: Tom, Dick or Harry, Jack and Jill, New York, the United States, he, she, it, they, I, we, and so on.

Then, there may be simple noun phrases that are modified by an adjective before them: Ex; Rising inventories, increased pressure, Oil price, share market, tall structures, etc, etc. Some of the adjectives are nouns by themselves though acting as adjectives. In this construction, the verb is always decided by the attributes of the true noun that follows the adjective.

There is one more kind of noun known as the substantive noun; this involves a phrase with a long series of words that may comprise a participle, a gerund, an infinitive, a relative subordinate clause or some such similar thing. For sure, these substantive noun phrases that act as singular subjects will always be followed by a singular verb.
Ex:
Consuming one full pint of alcohol a day is sure to land one in the hospital bed one day.
Swimming against the tide of a river gives enormous strength to body muscles.
Being branded as a national champion is a dream of many.
To be branded as a national champion is a dream of many.
That they have been selected to play for their country in the Championship Trophy is a great honor to them
That they won the one- day World Cup match was the beginning of Sri Lanka's rise to stardom in Cricket.

You might see many of these substantive nouns may comprise plural words, but still, the noun is usually only singular
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2018, 16:49
Hi Experts, OG says that the use of 'correspondingly' in the original sentence is incorrect and ambiguous. My understanding is that 'correspondingly'(adverb) is modifying the adjective 'unaccompanied'. Adverb can modify adjective, but here the meaning that comes out because of that modification is absurd. Is my reasoning correct? In some posts, unaccompanied is called a "verb". I don't think that is correct.

Also, what is the role of "if" here? Is it an adverb or a conjunction? I've seen that usually if is followed by a clause, but here it's followed by a past participle.

Please advise. Thanks!
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 08:23
sdlife wrote:
Hi Experts, OG says that the use of 'correspondingly' in the original sentence is incorrect and ambiguous. My understanding is that 'correspondingly'(adverb) is modifying the adjective 'unaccompanied'. Adverb can modify adjective, but here the meaning that comes out because of that modification is absurd. Is my reasoning correct? In some posts, unaccompanied is called a "verb". I don't think that is correct.

Also, what is the role of "if" here? Is it an adverb or a conjunction? I've seen that usually if is followed by a clause, but here it's followed by a past participle.

Please advise. Thanks!


1. Yes, your reasoning is correct. For proper meaning, the word "corresponding" has to refer to "increase".
2. Yes, you are right. "Unaccompanied" is a past participle (used as an adjective) referring to "inventories".
3. Conjunctions such as "if", although" etc. are ideally used to join a dependent clause to an indepedent clause, but I remember seeing examples in GMAT, in which they are used to join a phrase (in this case past participle modifier) to the main clause.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2018, 12:49
option E- "IF NOT ACCOMPANIED"

can anyone explain what kind of structure is that; it should supposed to be "if did not accompany".
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2018, 06:10
*Rising inventories - Subject at start require verb for sentence and subject being plural verb would be for plural as well

Posssibly leads --Wrong usage can lead-> right usage

*Also Not accompanied is better usage than unaccompanied

E is best answer
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 06:13
I've saw plenty of sentence that "when" and "while' serve as a modifier for the action in previous sentence.
eg: When I watched TV, my dad was cooking for my family.

Another question about WHAT BEHIND WHEN
a clause or a v-ed(modifier)
Can I assume that a clause(which has subject, verb, object) will always modify the previous sentence and when +v-ed(see above, like A) will modify a date??
Thanks a lot!! :)
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 06:52
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.


(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead -- placement of "by" changes the meaning. ELIMINATED

(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads -- Rising inventories is plural, so we need "lead" not leads. ELIMINATED

(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead -- "they" is redundant here. Also "were" indicates that inventories would hamper economic growth in the past but not in the present. Changes meaning. ELIMINATED

(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads -- same error as in B. ELIMINATED

(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead -- CORRECT
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in &nbs [#permalink] 18 Nov 2018, 06:52

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