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# Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2016, 03:45
1
In stripped down form

Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.
Inventories lead to cutbacks that would hamper growth.
Inventories - plural, lead - plural. Rising is acting as an adjective to inventories

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Correspondingly is an adjective, should modify a noun
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
- When used for time, if is preferable. leads is singular, inventories is plural
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
- When used for time, if is preferable. Were is past tense, other verbs in sentence are in possibility/future. Sequence of actions does not mandate a past tense verb. Increase in sales is preferred
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
- Leads is singular, inventories is plural
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
- correct

Thanks
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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04 Nov 2016, 01:05
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Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead
B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads
C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

Subject is 'Rising inventories', so 'leads' is out.
B and D are out
In C, Rising inventories, when they (they is used unnecessarily)...out

In A, Rising inventories, when..........., can lead 'Vs' In E, Rising inventories, if..........., can lead

Lets look at some of the constructions used to to describe a condition and an outcome

1. If you work hard, you get a good score (fact)
2. If you work hard, you will get a good score.(prediction)
3. If you work hard, you may/can get a good score(probability/possibility)

In these construction, 'if' can be replaced by 'when' only when outcome is a fact

Let look at outcome in these options

In the options, outcome has can, it shows a possibility
therefore in this case we cannot have when in the condition
Therefore A is wrong
E is correct
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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14 May 2017, 06:20
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There are various kinds of nouns that act as subjects. To start with, you may have a single- word proper noun or a pronoun that may start a sentence, acting as the subject.
Ex: Tom, Dick or Harry, Jack and Jill, New York, the United States, he, she, it, they, I, we, and so on.

Then, there may be simple noun phrases that are modified by an adjective before them: Ex; Rising inventories, increased pressure, Oil price, share market, tall structures, etc, etc. Some of the adjectives are nouns by themselves though acting as adjectives. In this construction, the verb is always decided by the attributes of the true noun that follows the adjective.

There is one more kind of noun known as the substantive noun; this involves a phrase with a long series of words that may comprise a participle, a gerund, an infinitive, a relative subordinate clause or some such similar thing. For sure, these substantive noun phrases that act as singular subjects will always be followed by a singular verb.
Ex:
Consuming one full pint of alcohol a day is sure to land one in the hospital bed one day.
Swimming against the tide of a river gives enormous strength to body muscles.
Being branded as a national champion is a dream of many.
To be branded as a national champion is a dream of many.
That they have been selected to play for their country in the Championship Trophy is a great honor to them
That they won the one- day World Cup match was the beginning of Sri Lanka's rise to stardom in Cricket.

You might see many of these substantive nouns may comprise plural words, but still, the noun is usually only singular
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2018, 16:49
Hi Experts, OG says that the use of 'correspondingly' in the original sentence is incorrect and ambiguous. My understanding is that 'correspondingly'(adverb) is modifying the adjective 'unaccompanied'. Adverb can modify adjective, but here the meaning that comes out because of that modification is absurd. Is my reasoning correct? In some posts, unaccompanied is called a "verb". I don't think that is correct.

Also, what is the role of "if" here? Is it an adverb or a conjunction? I've seen that usually if is followed by a clause, but here it's followed by a past participle.

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2018, 08:23
1
sdlife wrote:
Hi Experts, OG says that the use of 'correspondingly' in the original sentence is incorrect and ambiguous. My understanding is that 'correspondingly'(adverb) is modifying the adjective 'unaccompanied'. Adverb can modify adjective, but here the meaning that comes out because of that modification is absurd. Is my reasoning correct? In some posts, unaccompanied is called a "verb". I don't think that is correct.

Also, what is the role of "if" here? Is it an adverb or a conjunction? I've seen that usually if is followed by a clause, but here it's followed by a past participle.

1. Yes, your reasoning is correct. For proper meaning, the word "corresponding" has to refer to "increase".
2. Yes, you are right. "Unaccompanied" is a past participle (used as an adjective) referring to "inventories".
3. Conjunctions such as "if", although" etc. are ideally used to join a dependent clause to an indepedent clause, but I remember seeing examples in GMAT, in which they are used to join a phrase (in this case past participle modifier) to the main clause.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2018, 12:49
option E- "IF NOT ACCOMPANIED"

can anyone explain what kind of structure is that; it should supposed to be "if did not accompany".
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2018, 06:10
*Rising inventories - Subject at start require verb for sentence and subject being plural verb would be for plural as well

*Also Not accompanied is better usage than unaccompanied

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2018, 06:13
I've saw plenty of sentence that "when" and "while' serve as a modifier for the action in previous sentence.
eg: When I watched TV, my dad was cooking for my family.

Another question about WHAT BEHIND WHEN
a clause or a v-ed(modifier)
Can I assume that a clause(which has subject, verb, object) will always modify the previous sentence and when +v-ed(see above, like A) will modify a date??
Thanks a lot!!
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2018, 06:52
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead -- placement of "by" changes the meaning. ELIMINATED

(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads -- Rising inventories is plural, so we need "lead" not leads. ELIMINATED

(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead -- "they" is redundant here. Also "were" indicates that inventories would hamper economic growth in the past but not in the present. Changes meaning. ELIMINATED

(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads -- same error as in B. ELIMINATED

(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead -- CORRECT
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2018, 07:58
1
greenka wrote:
Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead

(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads

(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead

(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads

(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 8
Page: 639

I am wondering that Rising inventories is plural or singular? Could u pls explain to me? In the first place, I understand that Rising inventories is singular sub. Later, I get that N + N so the later noun is more important so it should be plural sub. But, now I read Sub-Verb agreement in Manhattan, it said that all subject phrases are singular. Foe example, Having good friends is a wonderful thing. Also, Reading books gives us knowledge and pleasure. Why two examples are singular sub?? How they differ from Rising inventories??

Pls explain to me. I got confused so much. Thanks a lot!

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rising inventories is subkect so plural
(A) when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead -

(B) when not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads -leads for inventories incorrect

(C) when they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead- they ambigious, also when is not correct, as sentence conveys negative menainng

(D) if not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads -leads incorrect

(E) if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead-correct
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2019, 22:24
1
if as a conditional there are rules right

if + past tense , then past tense or would + verb

here in choice E, if + past tense(not accompanied) , then present tense ( can lead)

could any experts through light on , where i am misinterpreting things

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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2019, 23:20
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Cheryn wrote:
here in choice E, if + past tense(not accompanied) , then present tense ( can lead)

Hi Cheryn, in choice E, accompanied is not used as a verb but as a past participle.

The sentence could be interpreted as follows:

If (Rising inventories are) not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2019, 23:45
1
EducationAisle wrote:
Cheryn wrote:
here in choice E, if + past tense(not accompanied) , then present tense ( can lead)

Hi Cheryn, in choice E, accompanied is not used as a verb but as a past participle.

The sentence could be interpreted as follows:

If (Rising inventories are) not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

thanks EducationAisle, so here if condition + present tense verb ( "are") + past participle , then present tense.. it follows the rule. thanks

now one more silly doubt, when to use increase in and when to use increases in , might be very silly but suddenly this confusing me now over the usage of increases in sales.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2019, 03:02
Cheryn wrote:
now one more silly doubt, when to use increase in and when to use increases in , might be very silly but suddenly this confusing me now over the usage of increases in sales.

Hi Cheryn, none of the options seems to be using increase in, and hence this is a non-issue here.

Even if it had been present, I would not use it to split between the options.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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01 May 2019, 09:51
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I have a question regarding the usage of increases (singular). Why is increases used in the correct answer choice E?

Rising inventories, if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

should'nt it be increase in sales? I'm not able to understand the usage of singular form. please help!
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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09 May 2019, 23:51
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thanks educationaisle, but want to know the difference in usage of increase vs increases , as similar to santorasantu even i felt, increase in sales should be a correct one..

so any experts could explain the usage of increase vs increases in sales
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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10 May 2019, 18:29
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santorasantu wrote:
I have a question regarding the usage of increases (singular). Why is increases used in the correct answer choice E?

Rising inventories, if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

should'nt it be increase in sales? I'm not able to understand the usage of singular form. please help!
Increases is singular only if we use it as a verb.

1 This strategy increases the company's debt significantly. ← This is fine. Strategy is a singular noun, and it takes a singular verb (increases).
2 These strategies increase the company's debt significantly. ← If we switch to a plural subject (strategies), we'll need a plural verb (increase).

However, when used as a noun, increases is plural.

3 The increase in the company's debt is a sign of... ← Here the subject is increase (singular noun), and it needs a singular verb like is.
4 The increases in the company's debt are a sign of... ← Here the subject is increases (plural noun), and it needs a plural verb like are.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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11 May 2019, 07:33
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AjiteshArun wrote:
santorasantu wrote:
I have a question regarding the usage of increases (singular). Why is increases used in the correct answer choice E?

Rising inventories, if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

should'nt it be increase in sales? I'm not able to understand the usage of singular form. please help!
Increases is singular only if we use it as a verb.

1 This strategy increases the company's debt significantly. ← This is fine. Strategy is a singular noun, and it takes a singular verb (increases).
2 These strategies increase the company's debt significantly. ← If we switch to a plural subject (strategies), we'll need a plural verb (increase).

However, when used as a noun, increases is plural.

3 The increase in the company's debt is a sign of... ← Here the subject is increase (singular noun), and it needs a singular verb like is.
4 The increases in the company's debt are a sign of... ← Here the subject is increases (plural noun), and it needs a plural verb like are.

Thanks Arun, If I understand correctly, Rising Inventories(Subject), if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales (prep phrase), can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

Inside the prep phrase, increases is used as a noun and both increase and increases are correct.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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11 May 2019, 19:41
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santorasantu wrote:
Thanks Arun, If I understand correctly, Rising Inventories(Subject), if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales (prep phrase), can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

Inside the prep phrase, increases is used as a noun and both increase and increases are correct.
You're right that corresponding increases is inside a prepositional phrase. That preposition is by. Think of that part of the sentence as saying "if not accompanied by X".

by corresponding increases in sales...

Both corresponding and in sales point to increases. So within the noun phrase corresponding increases in sales, we have another prepositional phrase, in sales. We can again look at it as in X. In this case, the X is sales (noun).

And yes, we should be able to use either increase or increases. I like increases more though.

Rising inventories, if not accompanied by a corresponding increase in sales... ← This one seems to refer to one increase in sales.
Rising inventories, if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales... ← This one fits better with corresponding. That is, there is an increase in sales to "match" every increase in inventory levels. That makes more sense (to me), given that this sentence appears to be discussing the impact of rising inventories on the entire economy.

This question doesn't test that though, as there is no option with increase.
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Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in  [#permalink]

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12 May 2019, 09:26
AjiteshArun wrote:
santorasantu wrote:
Thanks Arun, If I understand correctly, Rising Inventories(Subject), if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales (prep phrase), can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

Inside the prep phrase, increases is used as a noun and both increase and increases are correct.
You're right that corresponding increases is inside a prepositional phrase. That preposition is by. Think of that part of the sentence as saying "if not accompanied by X".

by corresponding increases in sales...

Both corresponding and in sales point to increases. So within the noun phrase corresponding increases in sales, we have another prepositional phrase, in sales. We can again look at it as in X. In this case, the X is sales (noun).

And yes, we should be able to use either increase or increases. I like increases more though.

Rising inventories, if not accompanied by a corresponding increase in sales... ← This one seems to refer to one increase in sales.
Rising inventories, if not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales... ← This one fits better with corresponding. That is, there is an increase in sales to "match" every increase in inventory levels. That makes more sense (to me), given that this sentence appears to be discussing the impact of rising inventories on the entire economy.

This question doesn't test that though, as there is no option with increase.

Thanks, got it. +1 kudos
Re: Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in   [#permalink] 12 May 2019, 09:26

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