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# Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities

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Manager
Joined: 06 Oct 2015
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Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2016, 07:25
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it
(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife
(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife
(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Manager
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2016, 10:09
C, only seems to correctly modify Qin Shi Huang

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Manager
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Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2016, 01:00
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RK84 wrote:
C, only seems to correctly modify Qin Shi Huang

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Sorry OA is A. I am just confused because of the word terra-cotta army created. What did they created or were they created? Need a good explanation for this

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Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2016, 05:02
NaeemHasan wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it
(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife
(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife
(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

Meaning : In order to get the pyramids or ancient cities, the army of TC was created by the emperor.

Remember: When we have ing-verb at the start of the sentence it should correctly modify the subject and that must preceded with comma. ( Ing-verb... , subject ) - This is the correct form.

Rivaling is an ing-verb starting in the sentence and it is correctly modifying the army of terra-costa. Hence A is correct as per meaning wise.

B) Qin Shi was protected...this is passive form and sentence starting with rivaling is active, both must be in same form.
C) ing-verb form is not correctly referring to the subject.
D) ing-verb form is not correctly referring to the subject.
E) ing-verb form is not correctly referring to the subject.

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Intern
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2016, 06:14
NaeemHasan wrote:
RK84 wrote:
C, only seems to correctly modify Qin Shi Huang

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Sorry OA is A. I am just confused because of the word terra-cotta army created. What did they created or were they created? Need a good explanation for this

A for me

Firstly, the Pyramids are to be directly compared with the army of Terra-cotta warriors. Only A does this.

Regarding your query, the construction of the sentence i indeed logical. Break up the sentence into something simpler - The ladder to the shaft created after grandpa's fall last year has proven to be a huge hindrance to my work.

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Manager
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2016, 06:59
vp101 wrote:
NaeemHasan wrote:
RK84 wrote:
C, only seems to correctly modify Qin Shi Huang

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

Sorry OA is A. I am just confused because of the word terra-cotta army created. What did they created or were they created? Need a good explanation for this

A for me

Firstly, the Pyramids are to be directly compared with the army of Terra-cotta warriors. Only A does this.

Regarding your query, the construction of the sentence i indeed logical. Break up the sentence into something simpler - The ladder to the shaft created after grandpa's fall last year has proven to be a huge hindrance to my work.

Got the point. Thank you so much.

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Manager
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2017, 10:43
I am still not sure if I understood. Although I am able to eliminate options B, C, D and E. But honestly, option A is not making sense to me. Could someone please help me interpret option A properly, or maybe re-word it in a way that makes more sense?

1 "Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt " - Who is rivaling the pyramids? Is it the army?

2 "the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, " - For the Verb 'Created'... what is the corresponding Subject and Object? Did the army created something? or the army got created by someone? Where exactly the S-V-O combination getting created?

3. "is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years " - here, the conjunction 'and' is combining two clauses which have different verb tenses.... is more than (present) tense, and took (past) tense. Although it is possible to combine different verb forms using 'and', but in the current usage is it really making clear sense?

4. "is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years " - What is the subject here? What is more than 2000 years old, and what took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years?

5. "more than 36 years to complete" - what exactly got completed here?

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Manager
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 00:30
So in this question the opening modifier Rivaling is a verb-ing modifier and must modify the subject of the sentence. Now Im not really understanding why option B cannot be the answer . why cant it modify Qin Shi Huang?? GMATNinja please help.

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Manager
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 00:31
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So in this question the opening modifier Rivaling is a verb-ing modifier and must modify the subject of the sentence. Now Im not really understanding why option B cannot be the answer . why cant it modify Qin Shi Huang?? GMATNinja please help.

Kudos [?]: 9 [1], given: 16

Intern
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 20:41
Gmat Ninja please explain why not B

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 21:13
Its A because rivaling... is a modifier after which a noun(army of terracotta warriors )must appear

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Manager
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2018, 18:46
jasmine9 wrote:
Gmat Ninja please explain why not B

The verb-ing modifier “rivaling” incorrectly modifies “Qin Shi Huang”. This choice changes the meaning by saying that Qin Shi Huang was protected in his afterlife. The original sentence says that the army was created to protect him.
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of egypt or even the ancient cities   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2018, 18:46
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