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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 62
Page: 682

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(B) Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife

(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife

(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife

Note: GMAT revised the question from old revision.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2013, 05:44
The above question really stumped be because I was really sure A was wrong as the sentence should be written as "the army of terra-cotta warriors was created". Currently, the sentence says the warriors created "what" ?

After eliminating option A, I struggled for four minutes on this question as the other options too are equally bad.

Could the experts on this forum provide their comments and help me solve this question?

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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gmatter0913 wrote:
Question:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
(B) Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it
(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife
(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife
(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife


Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlifeis more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

subject is: army
there are 2 verbs for this subject==>is and took

created : in this sentence==>this is not acting as a verb here ..here it is acting as a verb -ed modifier==>describing ARMY.

HOPE IT HELPS
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2013, 07:40
Thanks!

Can you give another example where "verb-ed" is used similarly(without comma)?. The reason I am asking is I still find it a little awkward to read as it doesn't have any relative pronoun. I don't know, it sounds awkward to me but I am probably wrong.

Could you help me by quoting some other example where "verb-ed" is used in a similar manner?

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2013, 08:39
gmatter0913 wrote:
Question:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
(B) Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it
(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife
(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife
(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife


The question tests modifiers
The opening modifier is a noun modifier and it should modify the noun army of terra-cotta warriors
B Rivaling the ancient pyramids of egypt, Qin shi huang was protected in his....
C Rivaling the ancient pyramids of egypt, it took more than 36 years to create an army....
D Rivaling the ancient pyramids of egypt, more than 2k years ago, artisans worked
E Rivaling the ancient pyramids of egypt, more than 36 years were needed....

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2013, 09:31
Hi Blueseas,

Thanks for the reply on both the posts related to "verb-ed vs. that"

So, from now on, the moment I see a verb-ed (without a comma) in the sentence I should take a close look if it is a main verb in the sentence or is it a modifier? Am I right?

Thanks

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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This question should take way less than a minute. Reason being there is only 1 option among all which has "the army of terra-cotta warriors" in the beginning. What is "rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of Maya"? It is the figures of "the army of terra-cotta warriors". A is the only choice!

Hope that helped.

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2016, 11:38
Options C, D and E can be eliminated because of Modifier Errors. 'Rivaling the pyramids ...............' incorrectly modifies the number of years.

Between A, and B:

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete - Correct - 'Rivaling the pyramids ...............' correctly modifies the army and the sentence is direct and free from errors.

(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it - Incorrect - 'Rivaling the pyramids ...............' incorrectly modifies Qin Shi Huang. Also, 'that' should ideally refer to the army but since it is placed after warriors, there is some sort of ambiguity over the usage of 'that'. A is a better choice than B.

Answer: A

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2016, 03:52
souvik101990 wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife


"Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement" is a big modifier and we need the subject after this.
What rivaled the pyramids? - the terracotta warriors.

Of the given options, only A places the subject correctly.
Correct Option: A
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 08:52
Rivaling the pyramids of Egyptor eventhe ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2.000 years old and took 700.000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.


(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more .than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
(B) Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra-cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it
(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China'sfirst emperor, in his afterlife
(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife
(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife

My first attempt :64 seconds and answer is A.

Here we see comparison between the pyramids and the teracota army. B,C,D and E all are wrong because they make the wrong construction.

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 02:25
gmatter0913 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 62
Page: 682

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(B) Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife

(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife

(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife


First Glance

The very long underline signals likely Structure, Meaning, Modifier, or Parallelism issues.

Issues

(1) Modifier: rivaling the pyramids

The original sentence begins with a modifier: Rivaling the pyramids or the cities as an achievement. The information is talking about something that has not yet been mentioned. What is the rivalling the pyramids?

The pyramids of Egypt are works of art. What else in the sentence is a work of art or can be described as an achievement? An army of terra-cotta warriors makes sense and should be placed right after the comma, so the original sentence is fine. The other answers offer various other various other illogical options as the noun following the comma:

(B) Qin Shi Huang (a person is not a work of art)
(C) it (referring to how long the warriors took to make)
(D) artisans (people are not works of art)
(E) 36 years (a length of time is not a work of art)

Eliminate answers (B), (C), (D), and (E) because each uses an illogical noun following the comma.

(2) Meaning

The sentence contains a lot of modifiers; the placement of some modifiers in answers (B) and (C) confuse the meaning.

In answer (B), the pronoun it refers to the army, so that the sentence reads: an army that was created by artisans who took 36 years to complete the army. This is an equivalent example: the cake that was created by the chef who spent 3 hours to make the cake. As though the second cake is a different cake!

The sequence of modifiers in answer (C) is confusing:

(C) to create an army of warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Huang

What happened more than 2,000 years ago? The army was created. The warriors didn’t just appear, nor were they protected 2,000 years ago. The modifier should more clearly point to the action that occurred more than 2,000 years ago. Further, the placement interrupts another noun and modifier pair: the warriors (more than 2,000 years ago) that would protect Qin Shi Huang. The two halves not in parentheses should be right next to each other; the warriors, not some years ago, are the ones who would protect Huang.

Eliminate answers (B) and (C) for confusing modifier placement.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (A) is the only one that completes the opening modifier structure correctly: rivaling the pyramids as an achievement, the army of warriors. Further, the placement of the many modifiers is logical.
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 12:03
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 20:17
The modifier " Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of Maya should be compared army of terra city's warriors.
Notice that army is used as collective noun and therefore it is singular
A is correct
B,C,D and E are out for faulty comparison.


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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 02:43
devikeerthansr wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them.

A. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete them
B. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete it
C. took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete
D. 700,000 artisans took more than 36 years to complete
E. to complete them too 700,000 artisans more than 36 years



Hello devikeerthansr,

I am not sure why you have modified the original underlined portion of this official question. However it will be interesting to see the analyses for this modified version.

The answer is C.

Thanks. :-)
Shraddha
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya   [#permalink] 28 Sep 2017, 02:43
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