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# Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2006, 08:49
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
A. the same
B. Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra-cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it.
C. it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
D. more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
E. more than 36 years wre needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warrios that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by ankurgupta03 on 27 Feb 2014, 06:45, edited 1 time in total.

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20 Jun 2006, 08:55
A it is
The only one that uses the modifier properly.

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20 Jun 2006, 11:08
^ A ^

for correct modifier.

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya... ,

the army of terra-cotta warriors ...

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20 Jun 2006, 11:09
And I think there is a typo here

"Maya s an achievement" ..

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20 Jun 2006, 20:01
What is rivaling the Pyramids of Egypt......?
It's 'the army of terra-cotta warriors'.

So second clause should start with 'the army of terra-cotta warriors' to modify 'rivaling the Pyramids of Egypt'.

So it's A.

Regards,
Brajesh

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21 Jun 2006, 04:38
good job, everyone!! Oa is A

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2014, 21:25
laxieqv wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
A. the same
B. Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra-cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it.
C. it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
D. more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
E. more than 36 years wre needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warrios that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.

Q Can`t there be 2 modifiers back to back modifying the subject?
Here in option D, why both Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement and more than 2,000 years ago, do not modify 700,000 artisans

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2014, 04:37
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jrashish wrote:
laxieqv wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
A. the same
B. Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra-cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it.
C. it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
D. more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
E. more than 36 years wre needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warrios that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.

Q Can`t there be 2 modifiers back to back modifying the subject?
Here in option D, why both Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement and more than 2,000 years ago, do not modify 700,000 artisans

Hi Ashish,

"Rivaling" can't refer to "artisans" because the meaning is illogical. The artisans themselves don't rival the pyramids or the Mayan cities. It's their work, the terra-cotta warriors, that rivals the pyramids and cities.

Hope this helps with your doubt.

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2014, 14:27
Hi Experts,

Can someone please explain me how is it logical to say that "army took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete " ?
A monument or a pyramid can be completed by artisans ... but how can army be completed by artisans ?
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2014, 02:39
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freakygeek wrote:
Hi Experts,

Can someone please explain me how is it logical to say that "army took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete " ?
A monument or a pyramid can be completed by artisans ... but how can army be completed by artisans ?

Hi there,

Thank you for posting your query here.

This sentence isn't talking about human soldiers; it's talking about an 'army' of terracotta soldiers. It is perfectly logical to say that these terracotta statues were created by artisans.

I hope this helps with your doubt!

Regards,
Meghna
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2014, 22:49
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

I am looking for the answer, good explanation and KUDOS please. Thanks
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2014, 00:11
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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

I am looking for the answer, good explanation and KUDOS please. Thanks

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Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2014, 12:23
Gnpth wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(A) the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete

(B) Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terracotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it

(C) it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(D) more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

(E) more than 36 years were needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warriors that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife

I am looking for the answer, good explanation and KUDOS please. Thanks

Oh, thank you for merging the two topics. I tried to find out the post, but this rivaling-the-pyramids-of-egypt-or-even-the-ancient-cities-of-51565.html is the link that I got when googling the question.

Could anyone explain why is "the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect" correct?
I think it should be "the army of terra-cotta warriors was created to protect"
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2014, 12:46
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Could anyone explain why is "the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect" correct?
I think it should be "the army of terra-cotta warriors was created to protect"

Hi there,

In order to understand why use of "was" after ""the army of terra-cotta warriors", let's get rid of all the modifiers used in this sentence and get to the core structure:

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(blue = Subject, green = Verb)

So as we can see, the Subject of this sentence is "the army of terra-cotta warriors". This Subject has two verbs - "is" and "took". They are correctly connected to each other with "and". Now if we add "was" after the Subject, this is what we will get:

Now "created" in this sentence acts a s Verb-ed modifier that correctly modifies the Subject as the army of terra-cotta warriors was created to protect Qin Shi Huang. The insertion of "was" will not probably make the sentence grammatically incorrect, but it will certainly make it awkward because of the use of the tenses -> past, present, and past. This jump in tenses will certainly make the sentence awkward.

With the Verb-ed modifier "created, the choice remains concise and avoids the awkward jump between past and present tense verbs.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2014, 14:34
egmat wrote:
Could anyone explain why is "the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect" correct?
I think it should be "the army of terra-cotta warriors was created to protect"

Hi there,

In order to understand why use of "was" after ""the army of terra-cotta warriors", let's get rid of all the modifiers used in this sentence and get to the core structure:

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(blue = Subject, green = Verb)

So as we can see, the Subject of this sentence is "the army of terra-cotta warriors". This Subject has two verbs - "is" and "took". They are correctly connected to each other with "and". Now if we add "was" after the Subject, this is what we will get:

Now "created" in this sentence acts a s Verb-ed modifier that correctly modifies the Subject as the army of terra-cotta warriors was created to protect Qin Shi Huang. The insertion of "was" will not probably make the sentence grammatically incorrect, but it will certainly make it awkward because of the use of the tenses -> past, present, and past. This jump in tenses will certainly make the sentence awkward.

With the Verb-ed modifier "created, the choice remains concise and avoids the awkward jump between past and present tense verbs.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

I got it now. I wish I could give you +10 Kudos for your advice. Thanks
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2015, 12:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2015, 23:47
egmat wrote:
Could anyone explain why is "the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect" correct?
I think it should be "the army of terra-cotta warriors was created to protect"

Hi there,

In order to understand why use of "was" after ""the army of terra-cotta warriors", let's get rid of all the modifiers used in this sentence and get to the core structure:

Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya as an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

(blue = Subject, green = Verb)

So as we can see, the Subject of this sentence is "the army of terra-cotta warriors". This Subject has two verbs - "is" and "took". They are correctly connected to each other with "and". Now if we add "was" after the Subject, this is what we will get:

Now "created" in this sentence acts a s Verb-ed modifier that correctly modifies the Subject as the army of terra-cotta warriors was created to protect Qin Shi Huang. The insertion of "was" will not probably make the sentence grammatically incorrect, but it will certainly make it awkward because of the use of the tenses -> past, present, and past. This jump in tenses will certainly make the sentence awkward.

With the Verb-ed modifier "created, the choice remains concise and avoids the awkward jump between past and present tense verbs.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

Hi SJ,

is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.

why we have two differnt verb form here one is " is" and other is "took"

why

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2015, 20:49
What is Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya?

The army of terracotta warriors. And this is the phrase that needs to come immediately after the comma.

All options are incorrect other than A
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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2016, 04:59
laxieqv wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
A. the same
B. Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra-cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it.
C. it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
D. more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
E. more than 36 years wre needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warrios that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.

Unfortunately I did not know about the army of terra cotta warriors and got super confused with the modifier.

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2016, 16:00
egmat wrote:
jrashish wrote:
laxieqv wrote:
Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement, the army of terra-cotta warriors created to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife is more than 2,000 years old and took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to complete.
A. the same
B. Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, was protected in his afterlife by an army of terra-cotta warriors that was created more than 2,000 years ago by 700,000 artisans who took more than 36 years to complete it.
C. it took 700,000 artisans more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors more than 2,000 years ago that would protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
D. more than 2,000 years ago, 700,000 artisans worked more than 36 years to create an army of terra-cotta warriors to protect Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.
E. more than 36 years wre needed to complete the army of terra-cotta warrios that 700,000 artisans created 2,000 years ago to protect Qin Shi huang, China's first emperor, in his afterlife.

Q Can`t there be 2 modifiers back to back modifying the subject?
Here in option D, why both Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of the Maya s an achievement and more than 2,000 years ago, do not modify 700,000 artisans

Hi Ashish,

"Rivaling" can't refer to "artisans" because the meaning is illogical. The artisans themselves don't rival the pyramids or the Mayan cities. It's their work, the terra-cotta warriors, that rivals the pyramids and cities.

Hope this helps with your doubt.

Regards,
Meghna

The GMAT Navigator (Manhattan GMAT Prep software) answer for this question explains to eliminate answers B, C, D, and E because they don't offer a logical noun for the modifier "Rivaling the pyramids". However, isn't "Rivaling the pyramids" considered an adverbial modifier since it starts with an '-ing' word? If that is true, a noun cannot be the subject of an adverbial modifier so does this make the explanation incorrect?

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Re: Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of   [#permalink] 04 Sep 2016, 16:00
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# Rivaling the pyramids of Egypt or even the ancient cities of

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