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S97-18

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S97-18  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:52
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C
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Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:44) correct 53% (02:20) wrong based on 40 sessions

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At the beginning of year 1, an investor puts \(p\) dollars into an investment whose value increases at a variable rate of \(x_n%\) per year, where \(n\) is an integer ranging from 1 to 3 indicating the year. If \(85 \lt x_n \lt 110\) for all \(n\) between 1 and 3, inclusive, then at the end of 3 years, the value of the investment must be between

A. $\(p\) and $\(2p\)
B. $\(2p\) and $\(5p\)
C. $\(5p\) and $\(10p\)
D. $\(10p\) and $\(25p\)
E. $\(25p\) and $\(75p\)

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Re S97-18  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 00:52
Official Solution:

At the beginning of year 1, an investor puts \(p\) dollars into an investment whose value increases at a variable rate of \(x_n%\) per year, where \(n\) is an integer ranging from 1 to 3 indicating the year. If \(85 \lt x_n \lt 110\) for all \(n\) between 1 and 3, inclusive, then at the end of 3 years, the value of the investment must be between

A. $\(p\) and $\(2p\)
B. $\(2p\) and $\(5p\)
C. $\(5p\) and $\(10p\)
D. $\(10p\) and $\(25p\)
E. $\(25p\) and $\(75p\)


The quick solution to this problem is to pick a convenient number in the allowed range of growth rates. If \(x_n\) is always between 85 and 110, then the most convenient growth rate to pick is 100. An annual growth rate of 100% is exactly equivalent to doubling one's money. Doubling one's money three times is equivalent to multiplying one's investment by a factor of 8 (\(= 2^3\)). The only range that includes $\(8p\) is the third range ($\(5p\) to $\(10p\)).

Computing the exact outer limits of the allowed range is much more cumbersome. We would have to cube 1.85 for the lower limit and 2.1 for the upper limit. The cube of 1.85 is 6.331625, and the cube of 2.1 is 9.261. These values fall between 5 and 10.


Answer: C
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: S97-18  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2016, 05:30
Hi There

I got little bit confused by the language . Growth rate of 85-100 ?

Is it normal to express growth rate as a mere number and not in percent/fraction ?

BR
Ashish
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Re: S97-18  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2018, 07:39
You're not alone on that.
Needs %
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Re: S97-18  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2018, 12:10
where is %?.. missing info
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Re: S97-18 &nbs [#permalink] 04 Nov 2018, 12:10
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