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Re: Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
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Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, a region known for their treacherous seas—less than those recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

A. their treacherous seas—less than that=>wrongly refers to shipwrecks; should be its

B. its treacherous seas, a number fewer than that=>there should be a hyphen here

C. its treacherous seas, which is less than those=>wrongly refers to seas

D. its treacherous seas—fewer than have been=>sounds good

E. their treacherous seas, fewer than the ones=>their wrongly refers to ship-wrecks; should be its

Rgds.
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Re: Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
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Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, a region known for their treacherous seas—less than those recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

A. their treacherous seas—less than that

B. its treacherous seas, a number fewer than that

C. its treacherous seas, which is less than those

D. its treacherous seas—fewer than have been

E. their treacherous seas, fewer than the ones


Since Alaska is a region, singular verb it is needed. not plural verb their.
In option C, Which wrongly refers to modifies to treacherous seas(plural subject).
Between B and D, I picked up B as i felt that a number would refer to 35 shipwrecks.......i.e., subject of the sentence.

but I'm still confused between B and D.

Eagerly waiting for OA and explanation.
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Re: Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
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GMATNinja , EMPOWERgmatRichC , sayantanc2k , daagh ,mikemcgarry , other experts -
I am stuck between options B and D. In B doesn't "a number fewer than that" modify thirty-five?

What is the use of Dash?
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Re: Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
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mikemcgarry wrote:
I will remind you that the GMAT SC absolutely does not test punctuation. If you read sophisticated writing, you will develop intuition for the dash, but this is more than you need to know for the GMAT.


I can't even begin to express how enthusiastically I agree with mikemcgarry here. Some people make their living as "style experts", debating the nuances of English grammar and usage and punctuation -- and those guys can't even agree on how to use dashes or commas. And the GMAT wisely goes out of its way NOT to test you on punctuation, other than some very basic stuff on semicolon usage.

So what should you do whenever you see a dash on the GMAT? Look for other issues. There are exactly zero official GMAT questions that test your understanding of how to use dashes. So don't worry about them! :-D
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Re: Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
[quote="souvik101990"]

Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, a region known for their treacherous seas—less than those recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

Region "singular" So we need singular pronoun "its". Eliminate A and E.

B. Appositive "a number..." wrongly modifying "treacherous seas" instead of modifying "35 shipwrecks". Eliminate B.

C. "which" is wrongly modifying "treacherous seas". Eliminate.

D. Correct.

A. their treacherous seas—less than that

B. its treacherous seas, a number fewer than that

C. its treacherous seas, which is less than those

D. its treacherous seas—fewer than have been

E. their treacherous seas, fewer than the ones
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Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
Quote:
Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, a region known for their treacherous seas—less than those recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

B. its treacherous seas, a number fewer than that

D. its treacherous seas—fewer than have been


Hi AjiteshArun VeritasKarishma

I chose choice B over choice D

Choice B: "a number fewer than that(number) recorded off the coast of Massachusetts" refers to "thirty-five shipwrecks". And "that" refers to "number"

Choice D: I eliminated this choice as I could not figure out what type of modifier is "fewer than have been recorded off the coast of Massachusetts". Is it a noun modifier? I don't see any noun/relative pronoun.

Mr. X, who is the most experienced member, is responsible for what has happened to the club.
Here "who" is the noun modifier that modifies Mr. X
(I was looking for a similar analogy in choice D, but did not find anything)

Please explain.
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Re: Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
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thereisaFire wrote:
Quote:
Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, a region known for their treacherous seas—less than those recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

B. its treacherous seas, a number fewer than that

D. its treacherous seas—fewer than have been


Hi AjiteshArun VeritasKarishma

I chose choice B over choice D

Choice B: "a number fewer than that(number) recorded off the coast of Massachusetts" refers to "thirty-five shipwrecks". And "that" refers to "number"

Choice D: I eliminated this choice as I could not figure out what type of modifier is "fewer than have been recorded off the coast of Massachusetts". Is it a noun modifier? I don't see any noun/relative pronoun.

Mr. X, who is the most experienced member, is responsible for what has happened to the club.
Here "who" is the noun modifier that modifies Mr. X
(I was looking for a similar analogy in choice D, but did not find anything)

Please explain.


Option (B) basic structure:
...approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, ..., a number fewer than that recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

"a number" seems to be renaming "35" but it is too far from 35.
Also, a number is greater than or less than another number. A number is not fewer than or more than another number.
We say "35 is less than 50", not "35 is fewer than 50".
So (B) is not correct.


Option (D) basic structure:
...approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, ..., fewer than have been recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

Here we are comparing how many shipwrecks were recorded.
Alaska recorded 35 ship wrecks. Coast of M recorded fewer shipwrecks.

So (D) is correct.
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Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
VeritasKarishma wrote:
thereisaFire wrote:
Quote:
Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, a region known for their treacherous seas—less than those recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

B. its treacherous seas, a number fewer than that

D. its treacherous seas—fewer than have been


Hi AjiteshArun VeritasKarishma

I chose choice B over choice D

Choice B: "a number fewer than that(number) recorded off the coast of Massachusetts" refers to "thirty-five shipwrecks". And "that" refers to "number"

Choice D: I eliminated this choice as I could not figure out what type of modifier is "fewer than have been recorded off the coast of Massachusetts". Is it a noun modifier? I don't see any noun/relative pronoun.

Mr. X, who is the most experienced member, is responsible for what has happened to the club.
Here "who" is the noun modifier that modifies Mr. X
(I was looking for a similar analogy in choice D, but did not find anything)

Please explain.


Option (B) basic structure:
...approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, ..., a number fewer than that recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

"a number" seems to be renaming "35" but it is too far from 35.
Also, a number is greater than or less than another number. A number is not fewer than or more than another number.
We say "35 is less than 50", not "35 is fewer than 50".
So (B) is not correct.


Option (D) basic structure:
...approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded off Alaska, ..., fewer than have been recorded off the coast of Massachusetts.

Here we are comparing how many shipwrecks were recorded.
Alaska recorded 35 ship wrecks. Coast of M recorded fewer shipwrecks.

So (D) is correct.


Thanks for elaborating.

I understood the error in choice B and the comparison present in choice D.

However, in choice D, since the phrase "fewer than have been recorded off the coast of Massachusetts" is presented as a modifier (modifying 35 shipwrecks), I would like to understand the type of modifier "fewer than" is here.

I actually eliminated this choice thinking of a modifier error as I supposed that this modifier "fewer than" is not clear enough to refer to "35 shipwrecks" and convey the intended meaning.

Can you please explain with some examples.
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Re: Since 1868, approximately thirty-five shipwrecks have been recorded of [#permalink]
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