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So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or

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So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as China, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

(A) as varied as
(B) as varied as are
(C) as varied as those of
(D) that are as varied as
(E) that are varied as are
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 31 Aug 2017, 08:21, edited 1 time in total.
Reformatted the question.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2009, 20:34
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IMO A

I think 'that' ambiguously refers to the environment and natural base as well as to countries. So, it should be avoided.
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Last edited by rampuria on 05 Mar 2009, 20:36, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2009, 20:35
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ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

please explain


as varied as modifies countries. China, the Netherlands, and Hungary are all countries; therefore, you don't need to add anything else. A is correct as it is.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2009, 00:05
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I'll go with D

My analogy ... boys as smart as Jon, Jack and Sam - is wrong
boys who are as smart as Jon, Jack and Sam - is right.

Though the common noun is being modified the references are given to proper nouns.
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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2009, 07:44
eileen1017 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

please explain


as varied as modifies countries. China, the Netherlands, and Hungary are all countries; therefore, you don't need to add anything else. A is correct as it is.




OA is A. thank you all for your explanations ... I am still confused a bit about when to use 'that' or when not to use ... I really appreciate if you can explain it for me.

+1 for each of you both rampuria and eileen1017.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2009, 14:14
ugimba wrote:
eileen1017 wrote:
ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

please explain


as varied as modifies countries. China, the Netherlands, and Hungary are all countries; therefore, you don't need to add anything else. A is correct as it is.




OA is A. thank you all for your explanations ... I am still confused a bit about when to use 'that' or when not to use ... I really appreciate if you can explain it for me.

+1 for each of you both rampuria and eileen1017.

1. Try to understand what the sentence is trying to convey
2. If in doubt, you could easily sense check the underlined portion with equivalent constructions; in this case "as varied as" has similar application as "such as" even though both constructions mean different things.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2009, 04:17
ugimba wrote:
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

a) as varied as
b) as varied as are
c) as varied as those of
d) that are as varied as
e) that are varied as are

please explain



hmm.. Ok So there is a tie between A and D

i am going for A

Here the subject is green taxes
so called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary. -- no change to the meaning of the sentence.

Now, green taxes are having positive effects on X and Y.
Y - countries such as x,y,z.

here "as varied as" used for listing the countries.

Also in D, "that" could potentially point to countries or green taxes.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2009, 12:20
I got this one wrong, I went with option C.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2009, 07:10
IMO A

The sentence is giving examples of countries in which green taxes is there. Hence, 'as varied as' is perfect.
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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2010, 06:47
If you choose C) --> it would mean "the environment and natural resource base" are varied

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2010, 11:46
went with D & got this one wrong (sigh)
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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2010, 23:45
As varied as modifies countries.Hence A.
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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2010, 07:19
I think after POE, you will come down to answer choices A or D
D - ......that are as varied as.....
We use "that" when reporting what was said e.g she said that...., in expressing what one beliefs e.g I suggest that.....
A. is correct because "as varied as" gives examples of countries and its brif n straight to the point.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2010, 15:58
ugimba wrote:
So called green taxes, [strike]which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels[/strike], are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base [strike]of countries[/strike] as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

(A) as varied as
-->could be right, let's check others
(B) as varied as are
-->the plural "are" does not make sense in this situation
(C) as varied as those of
-->this would work if the last part of the sentence ended "and those of Hungary" making it parallel...since it does not it is wrong
(D) that are as varied as
-->this sounds right but I don't know why THAT is particularly wrong
(E) that are varied as are
-->plural "are" does not make sense


I guessed between A & D. Here is my logic. Please reply to my post or PM me if you have a detailed explanation, thanks!
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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2010, 13:55
I answered C thinking that 'resource base' are 'varied'. After reading through explanation, it looks like countries are 'varied' instead of 'resource base'.
Can someone throw some light on it?
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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2011, 16:38
ugimba wrote:
So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or nonrenewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as china, the Netherlands, and Hungary.

(A) as varied as
(B) as varied as are
(C) as varied as those of
(D) that are as varied as
(E) that are varied as are



Dont we have to compare natural resources of countries in this case and not countries by themselves????? :roll: :roll: :roll: How do we know that we need to compare countries..I always get comparision type questions wrong in SC...I am having a hard time understanding why countries should be compared and not their resources...I was thinking C was the correct answer as 'resources' of countries are compared

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2011, 04:34
Very good question... I too chose D.. :(
But can it then be taken as a thumb rule that if we are giving examples as in this sentence (examples of countries), then the usage of that can be avoided???

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2011, 21:32
This is hard question. The matter is that why B is wrong, why we do not need the verb "are" in B.

I want to full explanation. Pls, help.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2011, 01:42
siddhans wrote:
Please explain using process of elimination in DETAILLLL

[Reveal] Spoiler:
1)Why is B wrong?
2) Also, in case of as..as do we have to compare a noun just before as? How does this comparison work?
3)How do we know we are comparing countries or their natural resources so why is C wrong?


So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or non renewable fuels, are having a positive effect on the environment and natural resource base of countries as varied as China, the Netherlands and Hungary.

A) As varied as
B) As varied as are
C) As varied as those of
D) That are as varied as
E) That are varied as are


The main issue being tested here is redundancy. A is the right answer.

Other options are wrong because because the phrase "as varied as" indicates some kind of comparison.

What are you comparing? What is it that is actually varying here? The noun 'countries" before the phrase and the three specific countries listed after the phrase.

When you're comparing, you need the things you're comparing in parallel format. When you have a COMPARISON construction such as the one here ("as varied as..."), it must refer to whatever noun, noun phrase, or other type of construction IMMEDIATELY follows.

You cannot ignore intervening words. so if you have "as varied as those of...", then you must regard "those of..." as the object under comparison.

So: "countries" on one side and "China, the Netherlands, and Hungary" on the other. Proper, parallel comparison.

You can read details listed out by Ron on the following link http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/so- ... -t351.html

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2011, 02:38
thangvietnam wrote:
This is hard question. The matter is that why B is wrong, why we do not need the verb "are" in B.

I want to full explanation. Pls, help.


B changes the meaning. Sentence intends a list of countries. However, "are" changes the meaning and talks about the variance inside a country which is irrelevant.

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Re: So called green taxes, which exact a price for the use of polluting or   [#permalink] 30 Oct 2011, 02:38

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