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SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been

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SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2015, 09:35
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Question Stats:

58% (01:11) correct 42% (01:26) wrong based on 620 sessions

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Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in cultural and economic assimilation terms, were the former East Germans, who have had to acclimate to an entirely different political system.

A. after the Berlin Wall had been demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified German, in cultural and economic assimilation terms, were the former East Germans

B. after the Berlin Wall was demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in cultural terms as well as those of economic assimilation, were the former East Germans

C. when the Berlin Wall was demolished, one of the reunified Germany's most problematic ethnic groups, in terms of cultural and economic assimilation, was the former East Germans

D. when the Berlin Wall was demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in terms of cultural and economic assimilation, has been the former East Germans

E. after the Berlin Wall had been demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in both terms of cultural and economic assimilation, have been the former East Germans

Spoiler: :: OE
The subject of the sentence is "one of the most problematic ethnic groups", a
singular noun. The verb, however, is "were," which is plural. We need to find a
choice that uses a singular verb instead.
(A) This choice is the same as the original sentence.
(B) This choice does not correct the subject-verb issue; it still uses "were" to refer to
"group."
(C) This choice uses the singular "was," but the simple past is not the appropriate
tense here because of the ongoing nature of the problem. Moreover, "the reunified
Germany's most problematic ethnic groups" is an awkward construction.
(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the singular "has been," which is also in the present
perfect tense, indicating the ongoing nature of the problem. Moreover, "in terms of
cultural and economic assimilation" is a more idiomatic and elegant phrasing than that
of the original.
(E) This choice does not correct the subject-verb issue; it uses "have been" to refer to
"group."

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Re: SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been [#permalink]

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Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in cultural and economic assimilation terms, were the former East Germans, who have had to acclimate to an entirely different political system.

Subject : one of the most problematic ethnic groups - Singular
Require Singular Verb : were/have wrong
left with C &D.
was is past tense . non-underlined part is in Present tense. hence Has is correct. D
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SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2015, 11:31
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Whenever Since is mentioned in the sentence along with a time frame, Present Perfect is used.
So the verb can be has/have.
Since the subject is Singular, hence we are left with only one answer choice i.e nothing but D
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SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2015, 03:25
souvik101990 wrote:
Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in cultural and economic assimilation terms, were the former East Germans, who have had to acclimate to an entirely different political system.

A. after the Berlin Wall had been demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified German, in cultural and economic assimilation terms, were the former East Germans

B. after the Berlin Wall was demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in cultural terms as well as those of economic assimilation, were the former East Germans

C. when the Berlin Wall was demolished, one of the reunified Germany's most problematic ethnic groups, in terms of cultural and economic assimilation, was the former East Germans

D. when the Berlin Wall was demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in terms of cultural and economic assimilation, has been the former East Germans

E. after the Berlin Wall had been demolished, one of the most problematic ethnic groups in the reunified Germany, in both terms of cultural and economic assimilation, have been the former East Germans

Spoiler: :: OE
The subject of the sentence is "one of the most problematic ethnic groups", a
singular noun. The verb, however, is "were," which is plural. We need to find a
choice that uses a singular verb instead.
(A) This choice is the same as the original sentence.
(B) This choice does not correct the subject-verb issue; it still uses "were" to refer to
"group."
(C) This choice uses the singular "was," but the simple past is not the appropriate
tense here because of the ongoing nature of the problem. Moreover, "the reunified
Germany's most problematic ethnic groups" is an awkward construction.
(D) CORRECT. This choice uses the singular "has been," which is also in the present
perfect tense, indicating the ongoing nature of the problem. Moreover, "in terms of
cultural and economic assimilation" is a more idiomatic and elegant phrasing than that
of the original.
(E) This choice does not correct the subject-verb issue; it uses "have been" to refer to
"group."


Can someone explain what is the correct spilt between "after" and "when" in this sentence. Most of the explanations are based on verb-tense splits. Thanks.
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Re: SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2018, 07:21
Whenever since is used within time frame context, present perfect tense must be used. Also the markers "before" and " after" when used in a sentence , past perfect tense usage is optional and not mandatory as a thumb rule. Hence Option D fits in
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Re: SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been   [#permalink] 27 Jan 2018, 07:21
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SV Agreement Revision: Since 1989, after the Berlin Wall had been

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