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Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste

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Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 01 Oct 2018, 01:17
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Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(B) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud

(D) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(E) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN
March 2001
Volume 284, Issue 3

Making Sense of Taste
By David V. Smith and Robert F. Margolskee

Taste buds are onion-shaped structures of between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of which has fingerlike projections called microvilli that poke through an opening at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore. Chemicals from food termed tastants dissolve in saliva and contact the taste cells through the taste pore. There they interact either with proteins on the surfaces of the cells known as taste receptors or with porelike proteins called ion channels. These interactions cause electrical changes in the taste cells that trigger them to send chemical signals that ultimately result in impulses to the brain.

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Originally posted by daagh on 09 Feb 2011, 09:59.
Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Oct 2018, 01:17, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2011, 20:12
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A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore ---- This choice contains two independent clauses, connected only by a comma, making it a run-on.


B. them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore ---1. What is the antecedent of them? Buds or taste cells? It is unclear. 2. The reference of ‘which’ pointing to the taste bud is wrong; it should refer to the opening. (Pore means an opening)

C. which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud ------ right choice

D. which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud ---- ‘ each of which having ‘ makes the subordinate clause, a fragment without out a working verb

E. which has fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore ---each of which have—an SV disagreement

C is the best choice with no SV number error and with proper references, judiciously using appropriate participles at the required junctures
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2011, 17:07
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.


A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore - is "each" or "them" conjuction ? we have two independent clauses ! above that what "called the tase pore" modifies, should it modify taste bud , i dont think so


B. them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore - has

C. which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud - which conjuction ! and "called the taste pore" is nearer to what it modifies - opening

which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud - having wrong

E. which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.


A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


B. them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

C. which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud

D. which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

E. which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore - has
Posted: Wed Feb 09, 2011 9:59 am
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2011, 19:21
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Between A and C. tastebud is never called the "taste pore". Hence it should be C precisely.
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2014, 00:32
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Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells,
each of them has finger like projections
--poking through the opening
---located at the top of the taste bud
----called the taste pore.


Intended meaning:
1.Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells
2.Cell has finger like projections
--poking through the opening
---located at the top of the taste bud.
3.The opening is called the taste pore.

Analysis:
1.Each is singular.
2.Modifier needs to modify the intended noun without any ambiguity.
3.IC are not connected properly. Poosible solution: comma +and, make second clause sub clause by adding relative pronoun etc.

Correct answer C.

A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore
>>[Run of s two IC are connected by comma. TB are... , each of them has .....]
B. them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore
C. which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud
>>TB are... , each of which (relative pronoun) has .....]
D. which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud
E. which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2014, 23:54
daagh wrote:
A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore ---- This choice contains two independent clauses, connected only by a comma, making it a run-on.



Apart from Two IC, Is "THEM" in option is ambiguous [Taste Buds or Taste Cells]??? Is my understanding correct?
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2014, 23:22
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sowragu wrote:
daagh wrote:
A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore ---- This choice contains two independent clauses, connected only by a comma, making it a run-on.



Apart from Two IC, Is "THEM" in option is ambiguous [Taste Buds or Taste Cells]??? Is my understanding correct?


Hello.

In A & B, "them" is correct. "each of them" modifies the CLOSEST noun "taste cells".

A. them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore
Wrong. Misplaced modifier error.

B. them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore
Wrong. S-V agreement error + Misplaced modifier error.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 09:10
Hi i am totally caught off guard by this question.
I C which refers to cells .
Am i right ?
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 01:46
arvind910619, yes, the modifier "each of which . . . " will always modify the preceding noun, which in this case is "cells."

We can use either "each of which has" or "each of them having" (or even just "each having"), but we can't mix and match. "Each of which having" will never be the correct way to do this.
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Sep 2018, 20:06
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My Strategy to choose options C :

Each is singular , cannot go with "them".
Again , since Each is singular , it needs a singular verb "has" hence option C.

I did not read the full sentence , pls let me know whether my reasoning is correct or has some fault?

Thanks
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 04:00
daagh wrote:
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(B) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud

(D) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(E) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


chetan2u generis

Can you help in explaining why choice A is wrong here?

Thanks!
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 04:17
gmat1393 wrote:
daagh wrote:
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(B) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud

(D) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(E) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


chetan2u generis

Can you help in explaining why choice A is wrong here?

Thanks!

Mate , Go through the explanation I gave , hoping that it will clear your doubt.
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 05:01
gmat1393 wrote:
daagh wrote:
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(B) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud

(D) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(E) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


chetan2u generis

Can you help in explaining why choice A is wrong here?

Thanks!


The openings are called taste pores, clear in C. In A the placement of taste pores after taste buds conveys the meaning that taste buds are called taste pores.
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 05:07
gmat1393 wrote:
daagh wrote:
Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste cells, each of them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore.

(A) them has fingerlike projections poking through the opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore

(B) them that have fingerlike projections that poke through an opening located at the top of the taste bud, which they call the taste pore

(C) which has fingerlike projections poking through the opening, called the taste pore, located at the top of taste bud

(D) which having fingerlike projections that poke through an opening, which is called the taste pore, located at the top of the taste bud

(E) which have fingerlike projections that are poking through an opening located at the top of the taste bud called the taste pore


chetan2u generis

Can you help in explaining why choice A is wrong here?

Thanks!



Choice A has two errors..
1) modifier issue..
Each of them ' can start an independent clause but cannot join two independent clauses.. so now you have two clauses joined by COMMA
C changes to ' each of which', which is correct.
2) placement of modifier ' located at top' and ' called the taste pore'..
It is illogical " top of the taste bud called the taste pore".
By getting called the taste pore' next to opening, it clears the meaning.

Run-on sentence as given in error 1 is the main reason you should not touch this choice, even if you overlook meaning issue.
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2018, 00:54
Isnt in this sentence "each" will take plural verb?? i.e "each of them have" and not "each of them has"??

ex: Play's three separate acts, each create (here "acts" takes plural verb "create", ignoring singular "each")
where as when "EACH" is placed in the beginning it takes singular verb
ex: Each of the NBA players has a Bentley! (here "each" takes singular "has")

Experts please advise on this!!
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Re: Taste buds are onion-shaped structures with between 50 and 100 taste &nbs [#permalink] 15 Oct 2018, 00:54
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